Study Guide Eagan's Chapter 1

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tswhite
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48452
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Study Guide Eagan's Chapter 1
Updated:
2010-11-13 11:18:55
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Autry Eagans
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Study Guide Eagan's Chapt 1 for Mr. Grantz
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  1. Which of the following is NOT an expected role of a respiratory therapist?
    A. assessing the patient's cardiopulmonary health status
    B. promoting lung health and wellness
    C. selling oxygen therapy devices to patients
    D. providing patient education
    C. selling oxygen therapy devices to patients
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Where are the majority of respiratory therapists employed?
    A. hospitals or acute care settings
    B. skilled nursing facilities
    C. outpatient physician offices
    D. diagnostic laboratories
    A. hospitals or acute care settings
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Who is considered to be the "father of medicine"?
    a. Hippocrates
    g. Galen
    c. Erasistratus
    d. Aristotle
    a. Hippocrates
  4. In 1662, a chemist published a book that described the relationship between gas, volume, and pressure. What was the chemist's name?
    A. Anthony van Leeuwenhoek
    B. Sir Isaac Newton
    C. Nicolaus Copernicus
    D. Robert Boyle
    D. Robert Boyle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Who discovered oxygen in 1774 and described it as "dephlogisticated air"?
    A. Thomas Beddoes
    B. Robert Boyle
    C. Joseph Priestley
    D. Jacque Charles
    C. Joseph Priestley
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Who is credited with first describing the law of partial pressures for a gas mixture?
    A. Jacque Charles
    B. John Dalton
    C. Thomas Young
    D. Joseph Prestley
    B. John Dalton
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Who was the first scientist in 1865 to suggest that many diseases were caused by microorganisms?
    A. Henry Graham
    B. Thomas Young
    C. Robert Koch
    D. Louis Pasteur
    D. Louis Pasteur
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Who discovered the x-ray and opened the door for the modern field of radiology?
    A. William Roentgen
    B. John Dalton
    C. Thomas Young
    D. William Smith
    A. William Roentgen
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. What was the primary duty of the first inhalation therapists?
    A. aerosol therapy to patients
    B. provide airway care
    C. maintain patients on mechanical ventilation
    D. support oxygen therapy
    D. support oxygen therapy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. When did the designation "respiratory therapist" become standard?
    A. 1974
    B. 1954
    C. 1984
    D. 1964
    A. 1974
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Who was the first to develop the large-scale production of oxygen in 1907?
    A. Thomas Anderson
    B. Robert Dalton
    C. Karl von Linde
    D. David Boyle
    C. Karl von Linde
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. When was the first Ventimask introduced that allows the precise delivery of 24%, 28%, 35%, and 40% oxygen?
    A. 1960
    B. 1945
    C. 1972
    D. 1954
    A. 1960
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. When were aerosolized glucocorticoids for the maintenance of patients with moderate to severe asthma first introduced?
    A. in the 1970s
    B. in the 1950s
    C. in the 1980s
    D. in the 1960s
    A. in the 1970s
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Which of the following medications has not been delivered as an aerosol by a respiratory therapist?
    A. mucolytics
    B. inotropics
    C. antibiotics
    D. bronchodilators
    B. inotropics
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Which two names are linked with the development of the iron lung, which was extensively used to treat polio epidemic in the 1950s?
    A. Drager and Bennet
    B. Allison and Smyth
    C. Byrd and Tyler
    D. Drinker and Emerson
    D. Drinker and Emerson
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Which of the following was one of the first positive-pressure ventilators developed?
    A. Drager Pulmotor
    B. MA-1
    C. Engstrom
    D. Bird Mark 7
    A. Drager Pulmotor
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. When was positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) first introduced to treat patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome?
    A. 1958
    B. 1935
    C. 1967
    D. 1946
    C. 1967
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. When was synchronized intermittent mandatory ventilation (SIMV) first introduced?
    A. 1995
    B. 1975
    C. 2005
    D. 1985
    B. 1975
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Who introduced the first laryngoscope, in 1913?
    A. Jack Emerson
    B. Thomas Allen
    C. Forrest Bird
    D. Chevalier Jackson
    D. Chevalier Jackson
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Who introduced the use of soft rubber endotracheal tubes around 1930?
    A. Haight
    B. Davidson
    C. Murphy
    D. McGill
    D. McGill
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. In 1846, who developed a water seal spirometer, which allowed accurate measurement of the patient's vital capacity?
    A. Tiffeneau
    B. Hutchinson
    C. Davis
    D. Strohl
    B. Hutchinson
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. What was the name of the first professional organization for the field of respiratory care?
    A. Inhalation Therapy Association
    B. American Association for Inhalation Therapy
    C. Better Breathers Organization
    D. National Organization for Inhalation Therapy
    A. Inhalation Therapy Association
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. In what year did the respiratory care professional organization Inhalation Therapy Association (ITA) change its name to American Association for Respiratory Care (AARC)?
    A. 1975
    B. 1954
    C. 1982
    D. 1966
    C. 1982
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. What organization has developed an examination to enable respiratory therapists to become licensed?
    A. American Association for Respiratory Care
    B. American Respiratory Care Board
    C. National Organization for Respiratory Therapists
    D. National Board for Respiratory Care
    D. National Board for Respiratory Care
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Today, respiratory care educational programs in the United States are accredited by what organization?
    A. Committee on Accreditation for Respiratory Care (CoARC)
    B. National Board for Respiratory Care (NBRC)
    C. Joint Review Committee for Respiratory Therapy Education (JRCRTE)
    D. American Association for Respiratory Care (AARC)
    A. Committee on Accreditation for Respiratory Care (CoARC)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. The majority of respiratory care education programs in the United States offer what degree?
    A. master's degree
    B. associate's degree
    C. bachelor's degree
    d. none of the above
    B. associate's degree
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Which of the following is NOT predicted to be a growing trend in respiratory care for the future?
    A. increased involvement in smoking cessation programs
    B. greater use of respiratory therapy protocols
    C. increased use of intravascular lines for patient monitoring
    D. increased need for patient assessment skills
    C. increased use of intravascular lines for patient monitoring
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. How is the education of respiratory therapists expected to change over the next decade?
    A. increase
    B. stay about the same
    C. unknown
    D. decrease
    A. increase
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)