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Pharmacology Chapter 14
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2011-05-05 23:47:01
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Pharmacology Study Guide Chapter 14
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Pharmacology Chapter 14

  1. The simplest, most common method of preparing bacteria for examination and id is:
    A. the gram stain
    B. the acid-fast stain
    C. miccrosopic exam of specimen
    D. latex agglutination
    A. the gram stain
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. The most common pathogens responsible for CAP incl which of the following?
    I. haemophilus influenae
    II. chlamydia pneumoniae
    III. streptococcus pneumoniae
    IV. legionella pneumophila
    V. mycoplasma pneumoniae
    all
  3. A drug that inhibits growth of bacteria is:
    bacteriostatic
  4. A bactericial agent would:
    kill bacteria
  5. MRSA and VRE are examples of
    resistant bacterial pathogens
  6. Penicillins exert thair pharmacological activity by:
    A. inhibiting DNA synthesis
    B. inhibiting translation of RNA into proteins
    C. inhibiting protein synthesis
    D. inhibiting cell wall synthesis
    D. inhibiting cell wall synthesis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Penicillins are
    bacteriacidal
  8. The natural penicillins are primarily effective against:
    I. gram- bacteria
    II. gram+ bacteria
    III. viruses
    IV. anaerobes
    V. mycoplasms
    A. I, II, III, and IV only
    B. I and V only
    C. III and V oly
    D. II and IV only
    D. II and IV only
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Aminoglycosides are used primarily for:
    A. mycoplasma infections
    B. gram+ infections
    C.viral infections
    D. gram- infections
    D. gram- infections
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Ventilator-assoc pneumonias have been successfully treated with:
    Gentamycin & Tobramycin
  11. Aminoglycosides, such as trobramycin, have been aerosolized specifically for the treatment of:
    A. CF
    B. acute bronchitis
    C. empysema
    D. asthma
    A. CF
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Tetracyclines are effective against which of the following:
    I. protozoa
    II. mycoplamas
    III. pickettsiae
    IV. gram+ microorganisms
    V. gram- microorganisms
    All
  13. The antibiotic used to treat pneumocystis carinii (jiroveci) infections is:
    A. clindamycin
    B. TMP-SMX
    C. streptomycin
    D. erythromycin
    B. TMP-SMX
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Nosocomial transmission of tuberculosis can be prevented by:
    placing patients in resp isolation
  15. Isoniazid would be indicated to treat
    TB
  16. The major adverse reaction to antimycobacterial agents such as isoniazid and rifampin is:
    A. optic neuritis
    B. hepatotoxicity
    C. ototoxicity
    D. flulike symptoms
    B. hepatotoxicity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. The treatment of choice for pulmonary infetions such as aspergillsis, histoplasmosis, and coccidiomyocosis is:
    A. amphotericin B
    B. rifampin
    C. ampicillin
    D. ciprofloxacin
    A. amphotericin B
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. A major toxic effect of amphotericin B admin is:
    A. liver damage
    B. renal impairment
    C. cardiac arrhythmias
    D. bone marrow suppression
    B. renal impairment
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Which group of antibiotics is effective against P. aeroginosa lung infnections in CF when taken orally?
    A. first-gen cephalosporings
    B. aminoglycoseds
    C. fluoroquinolones
    D. antifungals
    C. fluoroquinolones
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. A patient with IV has been diagnosed with PCP. YOu are asked to recommend an antibiotic. YOu would suggest:
    A. tetracycline
    B. pentamidine
    C. levofloxacin
    D. TMP-SMX
    D. TMP-SMX
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. All of the following are antimycobacterials used to treat TB except:
    A. pyrazinamide
    B. isoniazid
    C. gentamicin
    D. rifampin
    C. gentamicin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)