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Anonymous
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114060
Filename:
A and P exam 3
Updated:
2011-11-02 18:18:34
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exam
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Description:
A and P exam 3
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  1. The bone that articulates with the thyroid cartilage is the
    hyoid
  2. The thyrovocalis muscle attaches to this process of the arytenoid cartilage
    vocal
  3. The cartilage that articulates with the inferior aspect of the arytenoid cartilage is the
    cricoid
  4. The inferior-most cartilage of the larynx is the
    cricoid
  5. The membrane that stretches across the space between the greater cornu of the hyoid and the lateral thyroid is the
    thyrohyoid
  6. The small indentations in the membranuous fold between the epiglottis and the tongue are the
    valleculae
  7. The ring-like cartilage that is higher in the posterior aspect than the anterior is the
    cricoid
  8. The cavity of the larynx immediately superior to the ventricular folds is the
    vestibule
  9. The hyoid bone articulates with this aspect of the thyroid cartilage
    superior cornua
  10. Which of the following is the cavity between the true and false vocal folds?
    laryngeal ventricle
  11. The arytenoid cartilage articulates with this portion of the cricoid cartilage
    superior surface
  12. The most massive of the laryngeal cartilage is the
    thyroid
  13. The cartilage that articulates with the superior aspect of the arytenoid cartilage is the
    corniculate
  14. The entryway to the larynx is the
    laryngeal aditus
  15. The cartilage that articulates with the thyroid cartilage is the
    cricoid
  16. The superior-most cartilage of the larynx is the
    epiglottis
  17. the cricoid cartilage articulates with this portion of the thyroid cartilage
    inferior cornu
  18. The prminence superior to the laryngeal ventricle is/are the
    false vocal folds
  19. This cartilage articulates with the apex of the arytenoid cartilage
    corniculate
  20. This aspect of the hyoid articulates with the thyroid cartilage
    greater cornu
  21. the space between the vocal folds is the
    glottis
  22. the point of articulation between the cricoid and thryoid cartilage is the
    cricothyroid joint
  23. the larynx is
    comprised of three unpaired and three paired cartilages
  24. The thryomuscularis muscle attaches to this process of the artyenoid cartilage
    muscular
  25. Which of the following is a leaf-like cartilage?
    epiglottis
  26. The bernoulli effect states that
    airflow at a constriction increases in velocity
  27. the space between the vocal folds is the
    glottis
  28. Bringing the vocal folds together after airlfow has been intitated is termed?
    breathy attack
  29. Which of the following causes the vocal folds to return to their resting position after having been blown open during a cycle of phonation?
    negative pressure between vocal folds, elasticity of vocal folds
  30. Which of the following is the formula for pressure?
    P=F/A
  31. This class of speech sounds is produced without the use of vocal folds
    voiceless phonemes
  32. If a client can perform this gesture, he or she has the physical ability to perform voicing
    coughing
  33. transglottal pressure refers to
    the air pressure difference between subglottal and supraglottal areas
  34. Which of the following requires use of the lateral cricoarytenoid muscle?
    cough, throat clearing
  35. Dilation of the larynx requires use of the
    posterior cricoarytenoid
  36. Required for intiation of phonation
    adduction of vocal folds
  37. change involved in increase of fundamental frequency
    tensing of vocal folds
  38. change invovled in termination of phonation
    abduction of vocal folds
  39. change invovled in reducing fundamental frequency
    shortening of vocal folds
  40. The process of impounding air for the purpose of exertion
    is a function of abdominal fixation, requires adduction of the vocal folds
  41. To initiate phonation, one must
    adduct the vocal folds
  42. Termination of phonation requires that one
    abduct the vocal folds
  43. Which of the following greatly increases turbulence in the airway?
    constriction, adducted vocal folds
  44. In the open phase of phonation
    subglottal pressure is greater than supraglottal pressure
  45. Bringing the vocal folds together prior to commencement of airflow is termed
    glottal attack
  46. Which of the following is a respiratory response to the presence of a foreign object or irritation?
    cough
  47. The bernoulli effect states that
    at a constriction, there wll be a decreaes in pressure
  48. In the closed phase of phonation
    subglottal pressure is greater than supraglottal pressure
  49. During swallowing, the airway is covered and protected by the
    epiglottis
  50. Voiceless sounds
    produced without use of vocal folds
  51. Voiced sounds
    produced by action of vocal folds
  52. Phonation
    • -voicing
    • -product of vibrating vocal cords
    • -occurs within the larynx
    • -source of voice for speech
    • -respiration provides energy that allows phonation
  53. What does phonation affect?
    respiration
  54. glottis
    • space between the folds
    • most important laryngeal space for speech
  55. subglottis
    area below vocal folds
  56. larynx
    produces phonation