PRAXIS II Elementary Education 5015 - Mathematics Curriculum
Review of mathematics concepts
Rules that apply for addition, subtraction, multiplication, or division of real numbers
You can change the order of the terms or factors.
a + b = b + a
ab = ba
You can regroup the terms as you like.
a + (b + c) = (a + b) + c
a(bc) = (ab)c
Finding a number so that when added to a term results in that number; finding a number such that when multiplied by a term results in that number.
a + 0 = a
a x 1 = a
Finding a number such that when added to the number it results in zero; or when multiplied by the number results in 1.
a - a = 0
a x (1/a) = 1
This technique allows us to perate on tems with parentheses without first perfoming operations with the parentheses. This is especially helpful when terms within the parentheses cannot be combined.
a (b + c) = ab + ac
a (sub n) = a (sub 1) + (n - 1)d
a (sub 1) is the first term in the sequence
d = common difference between the terms
n = the nth term
Two-dimensional figure that can be cut out and folded up to make a three-dimensional solid
Six square net
4 equilateral triangle net
8 equilateral triangle net
20 equilateral triangle net
12 regular pentagon net
An arrangement of glosed shapes that completely covers the plane without overlapping or leaving gaps; unlike tilings, tessellations do not require the use of regular polygons
Four basic tranformational symmetries that can be used in tessellations
4) Glide Reflection
Sum of the Squares
Sum of the squares of the differences between each item and the mean
(Each number - average)(Same number - average)
The sum of the squares quanitity divided by the number of items
The square root of the variance
a2 + b2 = c2
Number of yards in a mile
One Meter is approximately ______ yards.