What did Benjamin Disreali, Emmeline Pankhurst, and the Charrtists hace in common?
All sought to extend the voting rights.
After Charles X abdicated, French leaders formed what kind of government?
a constitutional monarchy
The Congress of Vienna did which of the follosing?
restored Louis XVIII to the throne
Which of the following represents the correct sequence of French rulers
Charles X, Louis Phillipe, Louis Napoleon
Which of the following groups of people in Latin America were most likely to be revolutionaries?
Which of the following revolutionaries wanted to unite all of South America into the Federation of the Andes?
Which of the following countries achieved independence with the least violence and bloodshed?
Both Miguel Hidalgo and Jose maria Morelos were
executed by Spanish authorities
Who was the first leader of an independent Brazil?
The territory gained by the United States in 1848 was a result of the-
The Mexican-American war was caused by
a dispute over Texas
Manifest destiny affected Native Americans by
forcing them westward into reservations.
The Revolution of 1830 in France replaced Charles X wih
The Dreyfus affair had a lasting impact because it
inspired the Zionist movement
Brazilian colonissts achieved their independence from Portugal when
Prince Pedro declaredd Brazil independent.
Americans went to war with Great Britain in 1812 in part because
Britain was seizing American sailors.
The Kansas-Nebraska act
set off a bitter debate between proslavery and antislavery Americans.
prejudice towards jews
movement begun by theodor Herzl thhat called for creation of Jewish state in Palestine
former enslaved African, led group of mulattoes and slaves in bloody revolt against French settlers in Saint domingue
priest known as father of mexican independence
Venezuelan became known as liberator for key role in liberating Spain's colonies in South America
agreement wit France that gave U.S. huge territory in centrol North America
belief that Americans had a God-given right to settle land all the way to Pacific Ocean
South Carolina and other southern states ____ after Abraham Lincoln elected president
Napoleon's nephew, second president of second republic in france
trajic example of prejudice toward Jews in France
People of Europeon descent who were born in spanish colonies in Latin America
spanish colonists in latin american born in spain
President james Monroe declared Americas off limits to further European colonization
after civil ar during ________, some important legislation and amendments passed to protect rights of formerly enslaved people.
granted citizenship to all free african americans
publishing false information
Jose maria Morelos
strong military leader who fough for mexiccan independence from Spain
issued emancipation Proclamation
Slavery Abolition Act
parliament abolished slavery
indian removal act
relocated five indian nations to land west of the mississippi River
declaration of the rights of man and of the citizen
document that inspired recolutionaries in french colonies
used militant direct action tactics to win right to vote for women
Which most accurately describes economy of italy in years after unification
widespread poverty and unemployment led to violence and emigration
german liberals who revolted in 1848 wanted
reforms that would promote individual rights
Decisions made by the Congress of Berlin in 1878 resulted in
The russian economy differed from the rest of europe's because it was
russian marxissts wanted to create what form of government in russia
what goal did giuseppe mazzini, Camillo di Cavourk and Giuuseppe Garibaldi all have in common?
Unification of italy
Giuseppe garibaldis actions show that he was most committed to
unification of italy
after Prussian king Frederick Wilhelm iV promised a constitution and reforms
he went back on many of his promises
who began a program of reforms in Russia
swhat did Otto von bismarck mean by the phrase blood and iron
use prussian military force for german unification
nationalism remained a problem under dual monarchy because
ethnic minorities continued to seek self-government
group led by giuseppe garibaldi because of their colorufl uniforms
economic alliance between German states in 1834
consercative politician, leading force behind german unification
philosophy about government that bases policies on practical, rather than idealistic, concerns
declared first kaiser of German Empire
violent anti semitic riots
representative assembly promised by Czar Nicholas II
linked western russia to siberia during 1890s
system in which power is shared betweens state and national governments
czar who freed the serfs
hungarian ethnic group
king of sardinia
bismark's struggle to limit influence of catholic church in germany
conflict that resulted in unification of germany
government by one ruler with unlimited power
event that led to russian revolution of 1905
russian marxist revolutionary
nationalist group in ottoman empire
Austria-Hungary opposed formation of a "greater Serbia" because
any Serbian expansion might encourage other ethnic groups to rebel
Which of the following best describes Germany's position for much of the war?
Gerany faced war on two fronts
Why did both sides in World War I turn to new weapons?
because trench warfare had led to a stalemate.
Many colonial people volunteered to fight for the Allied forces because they
hoped their sercive would win their colony's independence.
Czar Nicholas II welcomed World War I because he
hoped a surge of patriotism would overcome domestic probelms and unite the country around his leadership.
Bolshecik opponents came to be called
the White Army.
What was the Zimmermann Note?
a proposal bya German official that Mexico attack the United States in return for territory
Which of the following battles signified a turning point in teh Allied Powers' favor in the war?
Second battle of the Marne
The partnership formed between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and italy in teh late 1800s was called the
Which series of events led to world War I?
Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia, Russia moved to support Serbia, and gerany declared war on Russia.
France, Russia, and Great Britain made up the
ON which two fronts did Germany fight during World War I.
Russia to the east and France to the west.
What was the immediate result of trench warfare?
Women's participation in World War I consisted primarily of
assisting on the home front and nursing wounded soldiers
Which best describes conditions in Russia on the eve of World War I?
Russia was a troubled country, with a worsening economy and an ineffective ruler.
Bolsheviks planned that which of the following groups would lead a revolution and rule Russia?
The Bolsheiks took over the Russian government after
The Red Guards attacked the probisional government.
Which of the following resulted from the October Revolution in Russia?
Russia became a communist country.
Whih of the following ountries delared on Germany in 1914 as part of a military agreement with Great Britain?
How did the Zimmerman note affect American neutrality?
It led to stong public support for U.S. entry into the war.
Allied treaties with the defeated Central Powers acomplished which of the following?
They broke apart Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire.
Following World War I,
Europe lost its role as the dominant eonomi region of the world.
The entry of the United States into World War I,
added hundres of thousands of troops to the Allied cause.
information designed to influence people's opinions
Czarina Alexandra's reliane on him for advie weakened any remaing public support for the Russian monarchy.
british passenger liner german attacked, helped prople the U.S. into the war
quest to build empires and colonize other regions
Germany began the war with quick strike to Beligium and planned on to move to attack ________
Belgium was ___________, taking no side in the conflict
Where assasination of Archuduke from Austria-Hungary in 1914
deadlocked region in northern France where German and Allied positions changed little early in the war called the
british used then to cross rough battefield terrain
russian revolt forced czar nicholas II to step down.
society uses all its resources to fight the war
bolshevism later became known as
truce; ended fighting in World war I agreed on Nobember 11, 1918
assasinated archduke of Austria-Hungary in 1914
German military plan to fight france, then Russia
Battle of the Somme
main Allied assault duriing 1916, resulting in enormous loss of troops and no clear winner
forcible removal of people fromo teh caucasus by the ottomans resulting 600,000 deaths
supported creation of jewish state in palestine
last czar of russia
new weapon developed during World War I that was fairly ineffective
area between opposing trenches
his vision of world peace was called fourteen points
french leader who wanted to punish germany
did not gain territory for his nation during peace talks
Why did Mao Zedong lead the Long march through China?
to find a safe place for the Chinese Communists
Which of the following supported the goals of the Zionist movement?
Which of the following resulted in the spread and deepening of the Great Depression
Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act
Which of the following occurred under the new deal
Government welfare and relief programs were greatly expanded
why did japanese forces attack Manchuria
gain control of its rich natural resources
japan proposed cration of Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere in 1940 because
china was too big to conquer and southeasxt asia was also rich in natural resources
How did Joseph Stalin punish ukrainians who resisted collectivization
withheld all food from the region
stalin wanted to transform soviet union into
modern industrialized country
sdtalin's approach to communist government differed from Karl Marx's because
Stalinwanted to increase government's power rather than reduce it.
Who led Great Purge?
How did President Franklin Delano Roosevelt propose to fight the great Depressioon
government program known as New deal
Which event caused many Japanese people to questin their government's foreign policy with the West
United states barred Japanese immigration
defined a person as jewish based on ancestry of grandparents, not religous beliefs.
leader of communists in China
in post war _____, steep reparations payments led to severe inflation, making mone nearly worthless
agreement between germany and japan to oppose spread of communism and defend one another in case of attack
anti jewish riots across germany and austria encouraged by nazis became known as night of broken glass
although many africans demanded indepence from europeon natons, only egypt won independence during interwar years
authoritarian form of government that places good of nation above all else
attempts to control all aspects of political, social, and economic life
invaded by italian forces in 1935
five year plans
production goals set by the state
led nationalist Guomindang party in China
What led Hitler to believe that European powersw would not interfere in his plans for Anschluss?
lack of direct action to stop his militarization of rhineland
Which of the following began World war II?
Hitler's attack on Poland
What recent invention allowed british to more effectively defend against german air attacks?
why was the soviet union unprepared for hitler's attack in june 1941
because soviets had preciousl signed nonaggression pact with Germany
What event led to a decisie shift away from isolationism inn the United States
attack on Pearl Harbor
Before entering World war II, the United States
provided military aid to great britain
Control of north africa was ctal for allies because
they needed to control the suez canal in order to botain oil from the middle east
Siege of leningrad resulted in
starvation of one million russian civilians
What was the significance of the battle of coral sea?
first time allies had stopped relentless japanese advance
nazi campain to imprison inferior people included which of the following targets
jews, homosexuals, disabled people, Poles, slavs, and gypsies
Soviets most likely responded to allieed incasion of western north africa with
disappointment that allies chose to delay invading europe
hitler's declaration that "surrender is forbidden" to his commanders at the Battle of stalingrad led to
capture of 90,000 axis survivors and a crushing defeat for hitler
why did american and british forces plan a massive incasion of western europe?
to open second front and put the axis forces on the defensive
the liberation of paris by allies led hitler to
order counterattack on belfium
What was the goal of the Yalta Conference?
reach an agreement on what to do with postwar europe
difficulties allied leaders had in reaching agreemnt at the postsdam conference due to
growing ill-will between soviet union and other allies
d-day invasion of normandy was launched from
the United Kingdom
Franklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill issued the atlantic Charter, a document
which affirmed nations should choose their governments
for the soviet union, what was the turning point in the war in Europe?
victory at stalingrad
Which of the following military alliances became known as the axis powers?
germany, italy, and japan
When Hitelr attacked the Soveit Union in June 1941, he
breaking the soviet-german nonagression pact
which group was treated most harshly by U.S. government dring World War II?
Before World War II, Hitler's nazi government
passed restrictive lasws severly limiting the rights of Jews
Hitler's final solution included
concentration camps, death camps, and Einsatzgruppen
How did hitler respond to successful incasion of france by the allies?
ordered counterattack in belgium
Roosevelt and Churhills joing declaration proclaiming what they viewed as the purpose of going to war is
spoke out against britain's policy of appeasement
german war tactic emphasizing speed and close coordination between plaines in air and fast moving forces on ground
june 6, 1944 allied forces invaded france
japanese emperor surrendered on august 15, 1945
became president after death of Franklin Roosevelt in May 1945
bataan death march
caused death of 600 americans and as many as 10,000 filipino prisoners
battle of el alemein
severely weakened axis powers in north africa
genocidal campaign against jews
led axis forces in north africa
left to defend itself alone due to policy of appeasement
battle of okinawa
fought to establish american base close to major islands of japan
hitler demanded austrian officials accept this
mobile killing units that executed jews on a massive scale
huge death camp
celebrated Germany's surrender
formed to encourage international cooperation and precent war
battle of midway
diminished japanese advantage of the seas