Author:
toribloom
ID:
169526
Filename:
A & P cells Connect 2
Updated:
2012-09-08 10:03:13
Tags:
anatomy physiology
Folders:

Description:
anatomy and physiology
Show Answers:

  1.  Single long structure with axoneme core
    Flagellum
  2. folds of cell membrane; may have actin core?
    MIcrovilli
  3. 7 to10 um long with axoneme core
    Cilia
  4. The control center of cellular activity is the ___?
    Nucleus
  5. Name the organelle comprised of stacking cisternae that synthesize carbohydrates?
    Golgi complex
  6. ___ is the scientific study of cells.
    Cytology
  7. Large particles and fluid droplets are moved across the membrane by a process called:
    Vesicular transport
  8. Which of these organelles is surrounded by membranes?

    ribosomes 
    mitochondria
    centrioles
    centrosomes
    Mitochondria
  9. The vesicular transport process of discharging material from a cell is called?
    exocytosis
  10. A fatty acid lipid to which several sugars are attached.
    Glycolipid
  11. ___ are the organelles that digest and dispose of worn-out mitochondria and other organelles by a process called autophagy.
    Lysosomes
  12. Lysosomes digest and dispose of warn-out mitochondria and other organelles by a process called ____.
    autophagy
  13. The ________ is an extensive system of cytoplasmic tubules or channels classified as rough or smooth depending on the presence of ribosomes.
    Endoplasmic reticulum
  14. Name the membrane-bound organelles that contain enzymes and oxygen to be used to oxidize organic material.
    Peroxisomes
  15. The brush border on the apical surface of cells is composed of cellular extentions called _____.
    Microvilli
  16. The fluid located between the cells that baths the cells is called the:
    Interstitial
  17. The physical force generated by a liquid such as blood or tissue fluid is known as ____ pressure.
    Hydrostatic
  18. ______ pressure is the hydrostatic pressure needed on one side of a semi-permeable membrane to halt osmosis.
    Osmotic
  19. A cell placed into a ______ solution will lose water by osmosis.
    Hypertonic
  20. A _____ solution has a lower osmotic pressure than the cell and causes cells to gain water.
    hypotonic
  21. A ______ solution has a lower somotic pressure than the intracellular fluid of the cell and tends to cause osmotic swelling and lysis of cells.
    Hypotonic
  22. The ability of a solution to cause osmosis, affection volume and pressure in the cell is called _____
    tonicity
  23. Mechanisms for moving substances across the plamsa membrane that require the use of cellular ATP include which of the following?
    Passive diffusion
    active transport
    vesicular transport
    osmosis
    • Vesicular transport
    • and active transport
  24. _____ are the organelles that read coded genetic messages and assemble amino acids into proteins.
    Ribosomes
  25. ___ is a short cylindrical assembly of microtubules arranged in nine groups of three microtubules.
    Centriole
  26. Give the general name for the network of structures within the cytoplasm which support the cell, determine its shape, and participate in movement.
    Cytoskeleton
  27. The more nonpermeating solute present in a solution, the higher/lower the osmotic pressure of that solution.
    Higher
  28. Name the whiplike sturcture similar to a cilium but with a longer length.
    flagella
  29. The cytoskeleton is a system of ________, _______ and _______ that give the cell shape, allow movement, and the routing of molecules and organelles within the cell.
    microfilaments, intermediate filaments, and microtubules
  30. name the process that involves a secretory vesicle fusing with a cell membrane and releasing its contents to the extracellular space.
    Exocytosis
  31. Three types of endocytosis
    • pinocytosis
    • phagocytosis
    • receptor-mediated endocytosis

  32. What is this cell shape?
    Cuboidal
  33. A ____ solution has a lower osmotic pressure than the cell and causes cells to gain water and lyse.
    Hypotonic
  34. a _____ solution has a higher osmotic pressure than the intracellular fluid of cells and tends to cause the cells to undergo osmotic shrinkage.
    Hypertonic
  35. ______ are glycoprotein compounds on the cell surface that allow the body to distinguish the body's cells from foreign cells.
    Cell-identity marker
  36. Name the carrier type that moves two solutes, such as glucose and sodium, in the same direction across a membrane.
    cotransport

  37. Name the cell type.
    squamous
  38. Voltage-regulated gates respond to changes in _______ across the plasma membrane.
    Electrical potential
  39. Which of the following are examples of passive transport?
    Osmosis
    Passive Diffusion
    Pinocytosis
    Facilitated Diffusion
    Vesicular transport
    Filtration
    • Osmosis
    • Passive Diffusion
    • Facilitated diffusion
    • Filtration
  40. A protein that is not integral to the plasma membrane and is often attached to the cytoskeleton is a _______ protein.
    Peripheral
  41. Which of these would NOT increase the rate of diffusion?

    Larger concentration difference
    Small molecular weight of diffusing compound
    Decrease in temperature
    Large cellular surface area
    Decrease in temperature
  42. On the surface of epithelial cells within the respiratory tract, uterine tubes, testes, and ventricles of the brain are found _____ which aid in moving fluids or cells through these structures.
    Cilia
  43. Name the fine thread-like genetic material (DNA) found within the nucleus of a non-dividing cell.
    Chromatin
  44. Give the general name for the network of structures within the cytoplasm which support the cell, determine its shape, and participate in movement.
    Cytoskeleton
  45. The cell process in which the membrane invaginates, forming vesicles that bring extracellular particles or droplets of fluid into the cell, is known as ________.
    endocytosis
  46. Name the carrier type that moves two solutes, such as glucose and sodium, in the same direction across a membrane.
    Symport
  47. A carrier that transports only one type of solute at a time is called a __.
    Uniport
  48. The molecule primarily responsible for stiffening the cell membrane is _____.
    Cholesterol