Author:
Anonymous
ID:
198530
Filename:
Govt
Updated:
2013-02-06 21:31:33
Tags:
Govt
Folders:

Description:
Gov't test
Show Answers:

  1. The preamble to the U.S. Constitution lists all of the following goals of government except?
    A. democracy
    B. justice
    C. tranquility
    D. liberty
    E. union
    A. democracy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Some 60% of adults adopt the party preferences of their
    A. physicians
    B. employers
    C. parents
    D. teachers
    E. peers
    C. parents
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. A man who differs with his father on party identification is most likely to
    A. loosely identify with the opposite party, Democrat or Republican
    B. describe himself as independent
    C. describe himself as Democrat
    D. have no political interests of any kind
    E. strongly identify with the opposite party, Democrat or Republican
    B. describe himself as independent
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. White Protestants are the group least likely to display which of the following
    A. desire for smaller government
    B. mistrust of government
    C. liberal attitudes
    D. conservative attitudes
    E. favoritism towards states rights
    C. liberal attitudes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Which religious group is most likely to have liberal political attitudes?
    A. White Protestants
    B. Protestants
    C. No significant difference exists among these groups
    D. Catholics
    E. Jews
    E. Jews
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. What effect does attending college have on political attitudes?
    A. students political attitudes depend on their socioeconomic status
    B. students generally become more conservative
    C. students tend to become more moderate
    D. college only has a minimal effect on students attitudes
    E. students generally become more liberal
    E. students generally become more liberal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. One important reason why political elites are important is the they
    A. reflect single, unified opinion on important political issues
    B. play an important role in defining both economic and social problems
    C. enlarge the scope of political conflict
    D. have a disproportionate influence on public policy
    E. provide a counter to the more activist views held by average citizens
    D. have a disproportionate influence on public policy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Compared with college students in the 1960's students today are
    A. about as liberal on most issues
    B. more conservative on most issues
    C. much more liberal on every major issue
    D. more liberal on some issues and more conservative on others
    E. more liberal on most issues
    D. more liberal on some issues and more conservative on others
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Cleavages in public opinion are more common in the U.S. than in many other countries because the U.S.
    A. places a high value on social equality
    B. is a relatively classless society
    C. is more protective of freedom of the press
    D. has a high degree of religious equality
    E. has a socially heterogeneous population
    E. has a socially heterogeneous population
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. V.O. Key's classic research in the 1950's found that differences in public opinion were closely associated with
    A. occupation
    B. race
    C. religion
    D. gender
    E. ethnicity
    A. occupation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Given a sampling error of 3 percent, if 47% of respondents say they will vote for George W. Bush we can infer thatĀ 
    A. Bush will lose the election narrowly 97 times out of 100
    B. the likelihood of 47% voting for Bush is 97%
    C. between 44% and 50% of the voters will vote for Bush
    D. 3% of the respondents are falsifying their intentions
    e. None of the above is correct
    C. between 44% and 50% of the voters will vote for Bush
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. One great equalizer of socioeconomic class differences in the U.S. is
    A. college
    B. gender
    C. party identification
    D. region
    E. religion
    A. college
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. The text classifies a pure liberal as a person who _____ government initiatives concerning the economy and _____ government initiatives to coerce individuals into traditional ethical behavior
    A. opposes, opposes
    B. opposes, supports
    C. supports, opposes
    D. supports, supports
    e. none of the above
    C. supports, opposes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. The text classifies a pure liberal as a person who _____ government initiatives concerning the economy and _____ government initiatives to coerce individuals into traditional ethical behavior
    A. opposes, opposes
    B. opposes, supports
    C. supports, opposes
    D. supports, supports
    e. none of the above
    B. opposes, supports
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. The test classifies a libertarian as a person who _____ government initiatives concerning the economy and _____ government initiatives to coerce individuals into traditional ethical behavior
    A. opposes, opposes
    B. opposes, supports
    C. supports, opposes
    D. supports, supports
    e. none of the above
    A. opposes, opposes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. The text classifies a populist as a person who _____ government initiatives concerning the economy and _____ government initiatives to coerce individuals into traditional ethical behavior
    A. opposes, opposes
    B. opposes, supports
    C. supports, opposes
    D. supports, supports
    e. none of the above
    D. supports, supports
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Which of the following groups is liberal regarding economic matters and conservative on social matters?
    A. populists
    B. pure liberals
    C. neo-libertarians
    D. pure conservatives
    E. libertarians
    A. populists
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Whereas the traditional middle class drew its strength from ____, the new middle class draws its strength more from_____.
    A. unions, parties
    B. government, business
    C. liberalism, capitalism
    D. parties, unions
    E. business, government
    E. business, government
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. The emergence of the new middle class has created strains on
    A. the Democratic Party
    B. the traditional middle class
    C. candidates who are independent
    D. the Republican Party
    E. the solid South
    A. the Democratic Party
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Which of the following is not advanced by the text as an explanation for the tendency of college students to become more liberal?
    A. the liberalism of many college professors
    B. the exposure of college students to more information about the world
    C. the nature of intellectual work
    D. the location of many universities in liberal, urban environments
    E. the personal traits of those who go to college
    D. the location of many universities in liberal, urban environments
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Lower voter turnout in the U.S. can best be described by
    A. the media, especially big city newspapers
    B. the media, especially television
    C. the voter registration system
    D. the political party system
    E. voter apathy
    C. the voter registration system
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Political participation encompasses all of the following activities except
    A. signing a petition
    B. paying your taxes
    C. discussing politics
    D. writing your congressman
    E. voting
    B. paying your taxes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Direct election of members of the House of Representatives was required by
    A. and Executive order
    B. decisions by individual states
    C. the original U.S. Constitution
    D. an amendment to the U.S. Constitution
    E. a Supreme Court ruling
    C. the original U.S. Constitution
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. One explanation given by the text for the decline in U.S. voter participation in presidential elections after 1900 is that
    A. voter registration regulations became more burdensome
    B. parties began mobilizing mass voter turnout
    C. the Republican Party began to attempt to mobilize individuals who were least likely to vote
    D. fewer citizens were directly affected by the outcome of presidential elections
    E. election fraud increased dramatically
    A. voter registration regulations became more burdensome
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Youth, low income, and minority status are associated with which of the following participation groups?
    A. campaigners
    B. parochial participants
    C. voting-specialists
    D. communalists
    E. inactives
    E. inactives
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Which of the following participation groups is distinguished from the others by its higher education and willingness to take strong stands on issues?
    A. parochial participation
    B. campaigners
    C. inactives
    D. communalists
    E. voting specialists
    B. campaigners
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Two of the participation groups Verba and Nie describe, campaigners and communalists, differ primarily in their
    A. general level of participation
    B. political ideology
    C. intensity of religious sentiment
    D. socioeconomic status
    E. taste for conflict
    E. taste for conflict
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. One argument against compulsory voting in this country isĀ 
    A. the impossibility of implementing it
    B. the variation in enforcement from state to state
    C. voter objections to identification papers
    D. its vulnerability to vote fraud
    E. the expense involved
    C. voter objections to identification papers
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. The text states, "Americans may not vote at high rates, but voting affects a far greater part of the political system here than abroad." Why is this the case?
    A. because we vote for the leaders of the nation
    B. because our votes more accurately reflect the country
    C. because we vote for so many offices
    D. because our votes more accurately reflect our opinions
    E. because our votes are given more publicity
    C. because we vote for so many offices
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. In the U.S., voter turnout is heavily skewed toward higher status persons. One effect of this may be to make our government
    A. more compassionate towards the needs of minorities
    B. less ideological and more independent
    C. more sensitive to the ideology of upper status people
    D. less vulnerable to the ideologies of political elites
    E. more flexible in times of international crisis
    C. more sensitive to the ideology of upper status people
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. The term label is most closely associated with the definition of American
    A. ideological groups
    B. interest groups
    C. solidary groups
    D. political parties
    E. leadership groups
    D. political parties
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. Compared to the role political parties in Europe play in the lives of their citizens, U.S. political parties
    A. have more influence only in times of war
    B. have about the same influence
    C. are increasingly influential to the average voter
    D. have much less influence
    E. have much more influence
    D. have much less influence
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. Which type of minor party would best be defined as a party that is created by a split in a major party, usually over identity and philosophy of the major parties presidential candidate?
    A. factional party
    B. one issue party
    C. ideological party
    D. election oriented party
    E. economic protest party
    A. factional party
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. Even though minor parties have had little success in national elections, they have played an important role in many elections by
    A. removing barriers to state election law
    B. influencing the public policy positions of the two major powers
    C. making the cost of running for the presidency much higher
    D. encouraging dissident factions to remain in the Democratic or Republican parties
    E. forcing runoffs that sharpened the policy positions of the two major parties
    B. influencing the public policy positions of the two major powers
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. The most dramatic example of the winner take all principle in the U.S. election system is the
    A. two party system
    B. municipal elections in Cambridge, Massachusetts
    C. electoral college
    D. partisan judicial elections
    E. ideal of pluralism
    C. electoral college
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. To win in a plurality system such as that in the U.S., a candidate must
    A. secure at least 70% of the votes
    B. win a runoff election
    C. gather more votes than anyone else
    D. secure a majority of the votes
    E. exert considerable inside influence
    C. gather more votes than anyone else
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. According to Barbara Mikulski, the training grounds for national political leaders today are
    A. solidary parties
    B. social movements
    C. fluid interest groups
    D. sponsored parties
    E. state and local parties
    B. social movements
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. party machines
    A. cut down the number of patronage jobs in government
    B. do not use tangible incentives to recruit members
    C. enforce electoral reform and encourage competition
    D. help to solve the problems of voter fraud
    E. are characterized by a high degree of leadership control over member activity
    E. are characterized by a high degree of leadership control over member activity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. Which party(ies) has redoubled efforts to collect soft money?
    A. no party
    B. Republican
    C. the Democrats in House races, the Republicans in Senate races
    D. both the Democratic and Republican
    E. Democratic
    D. both the Democratic and Republican
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. The founders saw political parties as
    A. a means of communicating public opinion to the president
    B. effective only in raising money for campaigns
    C. factions motivated by ambition and self interests
    D. appropriate for a direct democracy, but not a republic
    E. an important aspect of democracy
    C. factions motivated by ambition and self interests
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)