Author:
Anonymous
ID:
198530
Filename:
Govt
Updated:
2013-02-06 21:31:33
Tags:
Govt
Folders:

Description:
Gov't test
Show Answers:

  1. The preamble to the U.S. Constitution lists all of the following goals of government except?
    A. tranquility
    B. democracy
    C. liberty
    D. justice
    E. union
    B. democracy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Some 60% of adults adopt the party preferences of their
    A. parents
    B. physicians
    C. teachers
    D. employers
    E. peers
    A. parents
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. A man who differs with his father on party identification is most likely to
    A. describe himself as Democrat
    B. loosely identify with the opposite party, Democrat or Republican
    C. have no political interests of any kind
    D. describe himself as independent
    E. strongly identify with the opposite party, Democrat or Republican
    D. describe himself as independent
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. White Protestants are the group least likely to display which of the following
    A. liberal attitudes
    B. desire for smaller government
    C. conservative attitudes
    D. mistrust of government
    E. favoritism towards states rights
    A. liberal attitudes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Which religious group is most likely to have liberal political attitudes?
    A. No significant difference exists among these groups
    B. White Protestants
    C. Catholics
    D. Protestants
    E. Jews
    E. Jews
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. What effect does attending college have on political attitudes?
    A. students tend to become more moderate
    B. students political attitudes depend on their socioeconomic status
    C. college only has a minimal effect on students attitudes
    D. students generally become more conservative
    E. students generally become more liberal
    E. students generally become more liberal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. One important reason why political elites are important is the they
    A. enlarge the scope of political conflict
    B. reflect single, unified opinion on important political issues
    C. have a disproportionate influence on public policy
    D. play an important role in defining both economic and social problems
    E. provide a counter to the more activist views held by average citizens
    C. have a disproportionate influence on public policy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Compared with college students in the 1960's students today are
    A. much more liberal on every major issue
    B. about as liberal on most issues
    C. more liberal on some issues and more conservative on others
    D. more conservative on most issues
    E. more liberal on most issues
    C. more liberal on some issues and more conservative on others
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Cleavages in public opinion are more common in the U.S. than in many other countries because the U.S.
    A. is more protective of freedom of the press
    B. places a high value on social equality
    C. has a high degree of religious equality
    D. is a relatively classless society
    E. has a socially heterogeneous population
    E. has a socially heterogeneous population
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. V.O. Key's classic research in the 1950's found that differences in public opinion were closely associated with
    A. religion
    B. occupation
    C. gender
    D. race
    E. ethnicity
    B. occupation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Given a sampling error of 3 percent, if 47% of respondents say they will vote for George W. Bush we can infer thatĀ 
    A. between 44% and 50% of the voters will vote for Bush
    B. Bush will lose the election narrowly 97 times out of 100
    C. 3% of the respondents are falsifying their intentions
    D. the likelihood of 47% voting for Bush is 97%
    e. None of the above is correct
    A. between 44% and 50% of the voters will vote for Bush
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. One great equalizer of socioeconomic class differences in the U.S. is
    A. party identification
    B. college
    C. region
    D. gender
    E. religion
    B. college
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. The text classifies a pure liberal as a person who _____ government initiatives concerning the economy and _____ government initiatives to coerce individuals into traditional ethical behavior
    A. supports, opposes
    B. opposes, opposes
    C. supports, supports
    D. opposes, supports
    e. none of the above
    A. supports, opposes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. The text classifies a pure liberal as a person who _____ government initiatives concerning the economy and _____ government initiatives to coerce individuals into traditional ethical behavior
    A. supports, opposes
    B. opposes, opposes
    C. supports, supports
    D. opposes, supports
    e. none of the above
    D. opposes, supports
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. The test classifies a libertarian as a person who _____ government initiatives concerning the economy and _____ government initiatives to coerce individuals into traditional ethical behavior
    A. supports, opposes
    B. opposes, opposes
    C. supports, supports
    D. opposes, supports
    e. none of the above
    B. opposes, opposes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. The text classifies a populist as a person who _____ government initiatives concerning the economy and _____ government initiatives to coerce individuals into traditional ethical behavior
    A. supports, opposes
    B. opposes, opposes
    C. supports, supports
    D. opposes, supports
    e. none of the above
    C. supports, supports
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Which of the following groups is liberal regarding economic matters and conservative on social matters?
    A. neo-libertarians
    B. populists
    C. pure conservatives
    D. pure liberals
    E. libertarians
    B. populists
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Whereas the traditional middle class drew its strength from ____, the new middle class draws its strength more from_____.
    A. liberalism, capitalism
    B. unions, parties
    C. parties, unions
    D. government, business
    E. business, government
    E. business, government
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. The emergence of the new middle class has created strains on
    A. candidates who are independent
    B. the Democratic Party
    C. the Republican Party
    D. the traditional middle class
    E. the solid South
    B. the Democratic Party
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Which of the following is not advanced by the text as an explanation for the tendency of college students to become more liberal?
    A. the nature of intellectual work
    B. the liberalism of many college professors
    C. the location of many universities in liberal, urban environments
    D. the exposure of college students to more information about the world
    E. the personal traits of those who go to college
    C. the location of many universities in liberal, urban environments
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Lower voter turnout in the U.S. can best be described by
    A. the voter registration system
    B. the media, especially big city newspapers
    C. the political party system
    D. the media, especially television
    E. voter apathy
    A. the voter registration system
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Political participation encompasses all of the following activities except
    A. discussing politics
    B. signing a petition
    C. writing your congressman
    D. paying your taxes
    E. voting
    D. paying your taxes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Direct election of members of the House of Representatives was required by
    A. the original U.S. Constitution
    B. and Executive order
    C. an amendment to the U.S. Constitution
    D. decisions by individual states
    E. a Supreme Court ruling
    A. the original U.S. Constitution
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. One explanation given by the text for the decline in U.S. voter participation in presidential elections after 1900 is that
    A. the Republican Party began to attempt to mobilize individuals who were least likely to vote
    B. voter registration regulations became more burdensome
    C. fewer citizens were directly affected by the outcome of presidential elections
    D. parties began mobilizing mass voter turnout
    E. election fraud increased dramatically
    B. voter registration regulations became more burdensome
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Youth, low income, and minority status are associated with which of the following participation groups?
    A. voting-specialists
    B. campaigners
    C. communalists
    D. parochial participants
    E. inactives
    E. inactives
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Which of the following participation groups is distinguished from the others by its higher education and willingness to take strong stands on issues?
    A. inactives
    B. parochial participation
    C. communalists
    D. campaigners
    E. voting specialists
    D. campaigners
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Two of the participation groups Verba and Nie describe, campaigners and communalists, differ primarily in their
    A. intensity of religious sentiment
    B. general level of participation
    C. socioeconomic status
    D. political ideology
    E. taste for conflict
    E. taste for conflict
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. One argument against compulsory voting in this country isĀ 
    A. voter objections to identification papers
    B. the impossibility of implementing it
    C. its vulnerability to vote fraud
    D. the variation in enforcement from state to state
    E. the expense involved
    A. voter objections to identification papers
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. The text states, "Americans may not vote at high rates, but voting affects a far greater part of the political system here than abroad." Why is this the case?
    A. because we vote for so many offices
    B. because we vote for the leaders of the nation
    C. because our votes more accurately reflect our opinions
    D. because our votes more accurately reflect the country
    E. because our votes are given more publicity
    A. because we vote for so many offices
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. In the U.S., voter turnout is heavily skewed toward higher status persons. One effect of this may be to make our government
    A. more sensitive to the ideology of upper status people
    B. more compassionate towards the needs of minorities
    C. less vulnerable to the ideologies of political elites
    D. less ideological and more independent
    E. more flexible in times of international crisis
    A. more sensitive to the ideology of upper status people
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. The term label is most closely associated with the definition of American
    A. solidary groups
    B. ideological groups
    C. political parties
    D. interest groups
    E. leadership groups
    C. political parties
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. Compared to the role political parties in Europe play in the lives of their citizens, U.S. political parties
    A. are increasingly influential to the average voter
    B. have more influence only in times of war
    C. have much less influence
    D. have about the same influence
    E. have much more influence
    C. have much less influence
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. Which type of minor party would best be defined as a party that is created by a split in a major party, usually over identity and philosophy of the major parties presidential candidate?
    A. ideological party
    B. factional party
    C. election oriented party
    D. one issue party
    E. economic protest party
    B. factional party
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. Even though minor parties have had little success in national elections, they have played an important role in many elections by
    A. making the cost of running for the presidency much higher
    B. removing barriers to state election law
    C. encouraging dissident factions to remain in the Democratic or Republican parties
    D. influencing the public policy positions of the two major powers
    E. forcing runoffs that sharpened the policy positions of the two major parties
    D. influencing the public policy positions of the two major powers
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. The most dramatic example of the winner take all principle in the U.S. election system is the
    A. electoral college
    B. two party system
    C. partisan judicial elections
    D. municipal elections in Cambridge, Massachusetts
    E. ideal of pluralism
    A. electoral college
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. To win in a plurality system such as that in the U.S., a candidate must
    A. gather more votes than anyone else
    B. secure at least 70% of the votes
    C. secure a majority of the votes
    D. win a runoff election
    E. exert considerable inside influence
    A. gather more votes than anyone else
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. According to Barbara Mikulski, the training grounds for national political leaders today are
    A. fluid interest groups
    B. solidary parties
    C. sponsored parties
    D. social movements
    E. state and local parties
    D. social movements
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. party machines
    A. enforce electoral reform and encourage competition
    B. cut down the number of patronage jobs in government
    C. help to solve the problems of voter fraud
    D. do not use tangible incentives to recruit members
    E. are characterized by a high degree of leadership control over member activity
    E. are characterized by a high degree of leadership control over member activity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. Which party(ies) has redoubled efforts to collect soft money?
    A. the Democrats in House races, the Republicans in Senate races
    B. no party
    C. both the Democratic and Republican
    D. Republican
    E. Democratic
    C. both the Democratic and Republican
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. The founders saw political parties as
    A. factions motivated by ambition and self interests
    B. a means of communicating public opinion to the president
    C. appropriate for a direct democracy, but not a republic
    D. effective only in raising money for campaigns
    E. an important aspect of democracy
    A. factions motivated by ambition and self interests
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)