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flutegirl66
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psy150 ch1 test review
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2013-02-14 01:59:09
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ch1 test review
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test review for ch1
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  1. 1.  Structuralism emphasizes __________. 


    A. individual differences  
    B. the application of biological principles to the mind  
    C. the influence of subconscious urges on conscious behavior  
    D. the basic units of experience and their combinations
    D.  the basic units of experience and their combinations
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. 2.  The first psychology laboratory was founded by __________. 


    A. Wundt  
    B. James  
    C. Titchener  
    D. Watson
    A. wundt
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. 3.  Freud was the founder of __________. 


    A. existential psychology  
    B. behavioral psychology  
    C. psychoanalysis  
    D. behaviorism  
    C. psychoanalysis 
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. 4.  In the late 20th century, psychology __________.   


    A. expanded dramatically  
    B. stagnated  
    C. contracted slightly  
    D. contracted dramatically 
    A. expanded dramatically
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. 5.  By general agreement, psychology was born in __________.   


    A. 1642  
    B. 1853  
    C. 1879  
    D. 1906  
    C. 1879
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. 6.  Freud's theories differed radically from the views of his predecessors because of __________.  


    A. its extensive use of laboratory research to support its claims  
    B. the emphasis it placed on Eastern philosophies and culture  
    C. the emphasis it placed on unconscious processes  
    D. its emphasis on environmental learning as the source for most personality characteristics  
    C. the emphasis it placed on unconscious processes 
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. 7.  The first psychology laboratory was opened by


    A. Wundt
    B. James
    C. Titchener
    D. Watson
    A. Wundt
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. 8.  Titchener was a member of the ___________school of thought.


    A. structuralists
    B. functionalist
    C. behaviorist
    D. reductionist
    A. structuralists 
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. 9.  Freud believed that many unconscious desires are:


    A. the result of excessive punishment.
    B. by-products of introspection.
    C. the result of excessive reinforcement.
    D. sexual in nature.
    D. sexual in nature
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. 10.  As a science, psychology is approximately how old?


    A. 50 years
    B. 100+ years
    C. 150 years
    D. 2500 years since the field dates back to the ancient Greeks
    B. 100+ years
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. 11.  Modern psychology is said to have begun when:


    A. Greek philosophers began studying the differences between people.
    B. Wundt opened the first laboratory devoted to the scientific study of psychology.
    C. Freud developed psychoanalytic theory and therapy.
    D. it was discovered in the early 1900s that many illnesses have no medical basis.
    B. Wundt opened the first laboratory devoted to the scientific study of psychology
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. 12.  The psychological school that asks, "What are mental processes for?" rather than "What are mental processes?" is which of the following?


    A. structuralism
    B. functionalism
    C. humanism
    D. Gestalt
    B. functionalism
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. 13.  Which of the following does NOT fit with the other three?


    A. Wundt
    B. 1879
    C. functionalism
    D. introspection
    C. functionalism 
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. 14.  Studying the elements of sensations, feelings, and images is most directly associated with which school of psychology?


    A. structuralism
    B. functionalism
    C. behaviorism
    D. humanism
    A. structuralism 
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. 15.  The primary method of investigation used by structuralists was:


    A. natural observation.
    B. dream interpretation.
    C. analytic introspection.
    D. experimentation.
    C. analytic introspection 
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. 16.  Psychology is said to have begun when 


    A. medicine was seen to be ineffective in treating neurosis.
    B. Wilhelm Wundt started the first psychological laboratory and I am testing the roll-over to the next line feature.
    C. Sigmund Freud opened his private practice in Vienna and I am testing the roll-over to the next line feature.
    D. it was discovered in the early 1900s that many illnesses have no medical basis and I am testing the roll-over to the next line feature.
    B. Wilhelm Wundt started the first psychological laboratory and I am testing the roll-over to the next line feature.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. 17.  Scientific psychology is formally recognized to have begun:


    A. in Greece, with the work of Hippocrates.
    B. in the United States, with the work of James.
    C. in Austria, with the work of Freud.
    D. in Germany, with the work of Wundt.
    D. in Germany, with the work of Wundt
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. 18.  .  The first psychology laboratory was opened by _________.


    A. Wundt
    B. James
    C. Titchener
    D. Watson
    A. Wundt
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. 19.  For Freud, much of our behavior is controlled by __________.


    A. unconscious desires
    B. environmental stimuli
    C. mental Gestalts
    D. mental associations
    A. unconscious desires
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. 20.  What early school of thought in psychology was noted for its emphasis on the unconscious determinants of behavior?


    A. Structuralism
    B. Behaviorism
    C. Gestalt psychology
    D. Psychoanalytic theory
    D. Psychoanalytic theory
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. 21.  Studying the elements of sensations, feelings, and images is most directly associated with which school of psychology?


    A. structuralism
    B. functionalism
    C. behaviorism
    D. humanism
    A. Structuralism
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. 22.  Psychologists stopped relying on the method of analytic introspection as their primary research tool because:


    A. they wanted to study mental processes rather than observable behavior.
    B. results were inconsistent across labs.
    C. laboratory research was replaced by field research.
    D. the technique did not provide useful information for therapists.
    B. results were inconsistent across labs.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. 23.  A psychologist bases his/her theories completely on measuring observable behaviors.  This psychologist is probably a __________.


    A. humanist
    B. behaviorist
    C. structuralist
    D. functionalist
    B. behaviorist
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. 24.  Psychology:


    a. has an applied side.
    b. is a science of behavior.
    c. has goals of describing, predicting, and explaining events.
    d. all of the above
    D. all of the above
  25. 25.  Cognitive psychology is contributing to the development of ________, which attempts to make computers learn and solve problems the way people do.


    A. educational technology
    B. forensic psychology
    C. virtual reality
    D. artificial intelligence
    D. artificial intelligence
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. 26.  Cognitive psychologists are a subgroup of experimental psychologists who are concerned primarily with:
    A. neurobiological events which underlie behavior.
    B. the function of age on behavior.
    C. mental events which intervene between stimuli and responses.
    D. how people are affected by social situations.
    C. mental events which intervene between stimuli and responses
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. 27.  Cognitive psychologists are concerned with the scientific study of __________.


    A. reinforcement
    B. alienation and apathy
    C. mental processes
    D. self-actualization
    C. mental processes 
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. 28.  A group of psychologists study how adults change and grow, both psychologically and physiologically, as they age.  These psychologists are most like ___________.


    A. personality psychologists
    B. social psychologists
    C. organizational psychologists
    D. developmental psychologists
    D. developmental psychologists
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. 29.  After more than a year in Iranian prisons, 52 American hostages were released by Iran's revolutionary government and allowed to return to the United States.  Of the following professionals,__________ psychologists would probably have LEAST professional interest in that event.


    A. counseling
    B. clinical
    C. social
    D. experimental
    D. experimental
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. 30.  Which of the following types of psychologists is most prepared to help a person who hears voices and believes she is Joan of Arc?


    A. forensic
    B. counseling
    C. school
    D. clinical
    D. clinical 
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. 31.  Steve, a college sophomore, is seeing a psychologist because of his intense fear of people.  His counselor feels that Steve's fear is a product of unresolved conflicts about his parents, and his childhood experiences with them.  Steve's therapist is most characteristic of which school of psychology?


    A. behaviorism
    B. psychoanalytic
    C. humanistic
    D. Gestalt
    B. psychoanalytic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. 32.  The work of a behavioral neuroscientist involves studying:


    A. the mental events that intervene between stimuli and responses.
    B. the biological foundations of behavior.
    C. the brain's structure but not its function.
    D. psychiatry not psychology.
    B. the biological foundations of behavior 
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. 33.  Which of the following assumptions associated with the psychoanalytic school produced the strongest negative reaction?


    A. Psychology, as therapy, is more philosophical than scientific.
    B. All human behavior is a product of one's experiences.
    C. Humans are basically good.
    D. All humans, including infants, have sexual motivations and drives.
    D. all humans, including infants, have sexual motivations and drives
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. 34.  Which of the following statements is TRUE?


    A. A psychologist is a medical doctor specializing in the treatment of emotional disturbances.
    B. A psychiatrist is a medical doctor specializing in the treatment of emotional disturbances.
    C. Clinical psychologists treat severe psychological disturbances and psychiatrists treat mild disorders.
    D. Both clinical psychologists and psychiatrists can prescribe medications to their patients.
    B. A psychiatrist is a medical doctor specializing in the treatment of emotional disturbances.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. 35.  Psychologists use techniques based on ___________.


    A. cultural ethnocentrism
    B. objective introspection
    C. philosophical logic
    D. the scientific method
    D. the scientific method
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)