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MoralesG_93
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206916
Filename:
pols exam 1 (Ch.1)
Updated:
2013-10-14 12:08:18
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pols exam
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pols exam 1 (Ch.1)
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  1. the preamble to the U.S constitution starts..
    "we the people"
  2. What was the most common initial reason for settlement in North America by the first colonists?
    commerce
  3. What is a system of government in which members of the polity meet to discuss all policy decisions and then agree to abide by majority rule?
    direct democracy
  4. the ancient Greeks considered representative government to be _____.
    undemocratic
  5. Indirect democracy is based on which of the following?
    representation
  6. What are republics?
    representative democracies
  7. In an oligarchy, rule is by which of the following?
    the few
  8. Which function of government provides for police protection?
    ensuring domestic tranquility
  9. Which of the following expanded Americans' conceptions of personal liberty to include some forms of freedom from discrimination?
    Fourteenth Amendment
  10. The idea that governments draw legitimacy and power from the governed is referred to as which of the following?
    popular consent
  11. Which of the following is the doctrine that society should be governed by certain ethical principles that are part of nature and can be understood by reason?
    natural law
  12. The Framers agreed that the new nation had to be founded on notions of which of the following?
    religious freedom
  13. How many citizens did the Constitution initially mandate that each member of the House of Representatives should represent?
    30,000
  14. In general, which of the following is true about the U.S. population?
    It is getting older.
  15. When did immigration peak in the United States?
    in the first decade of the 1900s
  16. One of the most long-standing and dramatic regional differences in the United States is between which of the following?
    North and South
  17. The percentage of households in the United States consisting of a single person is nearly __________ percent.
    30
  18. Based on the average age of the state's population, which issue would you expect to be least important to voters in Florida?
    public education
  19. According to Isaiah Berlin, a noted historian and philosopher, which two factors, above all, have shaped human history in the twentieth century?
    science and technology, and ideology
  20. The reason that some pro-choice conservative voters may choose pro-choice liberal candidates over other conservatives is most closely related to which of the following functions of ideology?
    political programs
  21. Which of the following public policies would social conservatives be most likely to support?
  22. Social conservatives, who now form a large part of the base of the Republican Party, often are also members of which of the following?
  23. Which of the following is a true statement about liberals?
    They generally favor government intervention to promote equality.
  24. Which of the following is a true statement about moderates?
    They believe that a temperate view is the best approach to politics.
  25. Over time, Americans' expectations of government have generally __________.
    increased
  26. Americans' faith in institutions in the United States has __________.
    generally decreased
  27. Americans have the highest levels of trust in which of the following?
    medicine
  28. Which of the following would have been expected of the federal government 200 years ago?
    inspecting food
  29. Indigenous peoples had been living in North America for more than 30,000 years before the arrival of the first European colonists.
    True/False
    True
  30. Monarchy is a type of government that Aristotle considered rule by "tyranny."
    True/False
    False
  31. Many colonists were uncomfortable with the term democracy because it conjured up fears of the people and mob rule.
    True/False
    False
  32. Over time, our notions of what governments should do have expanded along with the size of government.
    True/False
    True
  33. Over the years, our attitudes about personal liberty have remained unchanged.
    True/False
    False
  34. The elderly often vote against programs favored by younger voters, such as money for new schools and other expenditures they no longer view as significant.
    True/False
    True