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MoralesG_93
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pols exam 1 (Ch.2)
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2013-10-15 01:43:10
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pols exam 1 (Ch.2)
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  1. At the Constitutional Convention, the delegates agreed that slaves would be counted as __________ of a person for determining population for representation in the House of Representatives.
  2. __________ is an economic theory designed to increase a nation's wealth through the development of commercial industry and a favorable balance of trade.
    Mercantilism
  3. In what year was the Declaration of Independence signed?
    1776
  4. How many constitutions has the United States had in its history?
    two
  5. The U.S. Constitution was adopted in response to the weaknesses of the Articles of __________.
    Confederation
  6. The colonists rebelled against the unilateral imposition by the British government of which of the following?
  7. Who was the author of the Declaration of Independence?
    Thomas Jefferson
  8. Which of the following debated and drafted the Declaration of Independence?
    Continental Congress
  9. Which clause provides that the Constitution shall be the supreme law of the land?
    supremacy
  10. Which of the following generally favored a strong national government and supported the proposed U.S. Constitution?
    Federalists
  11. The __________ proposed proportional representation in both the House of Representatives and the Senate
    Virginia Plan
  12. How many amendments have been made to the Constitution since its ratification?
    twenty-seven
  13. In what year was the U.S. Constitution ratified?
    1791
  14. Of the fifty-five delegates who attended some portion of the Constitutional Convention, how many ultimately signed it?
  15. Which of the following is a branch of the U.S. government?
    legislative
  16. The Constitution specifically provides for both the election and the removal of which of the following
  17. Which constitutional amendment allowed voting for citizens who were eighteen or older?
  18. Which of the following philosophers greatly influenced the colonists' views on the role of government?
    John Locke
  19. During the colonial era, the colonists retained the right to do which of the following?
  20. Which of the following required all paper items in the colonies to carry a stamp of the Crown?
    Stamp Act
  21. Which Continental Congress approved the Declaration of Independence?
    Second
  22. how many of the thirteen colonies voted for independence?
    twelve
  23. In what year was the Bill of Rights added to the Constitution?
    1791
  24. Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution contains which powers of Congress?
    enumerated
  25. During the Constitutional Convention, which states generally opposed an unelected federal judiciary?
  26. __________ Rebellion was a protest by Massachusetts farmers to stop foreclosures by state courts.
    Shay's
  27. The Articles of Confederation required __________ consent from the states for ratification.
  28. Many of the Founders believed that the __________ contract gave the government its legitimacy.
  29. Which of the following generally opposed the Senate because it would operate as an "aristocratic" upper house?
    Anti-Federalists
  30. Under the Articles of Confederation, a(n) __________ judiciary was established, but all other courts were left to the states
  31. What type of legislature did the United States have under the Articles of Confederation?
    bicameral
  32. unmder the Constitution, the president is elected by which of the following?
  33. What is the principle that each branch of the federal government has the means to thwart or influence actions by other branches of government?
    checks and balances
  34. Which of the following specifies the procedure for amending the Constitution
    Article VI
  35. The First Continental Congress was a response to which of the following?
    Intolerable Acts
  36. As depicted in Figure 2.1, What Are the Separation of Powers and How Do Checks and Balances Work Under the U.S. Constitution?, the executive branch is in charge of which of the following?
    making foreign treaties
  37. The colonists generally believed that a constitution should mark the limits of what type of government power?
    legitimate
  38. The "Intolerable Acts" was the colonists' name for the __________ Acts of 1774.
    Coercive
  39. In the United States, the national government derives its power from which of the following?
    laws
  40. Jackie attends a protest against animal testing. Which of the following secures her right to attend this protest?
    Bill of Rights
  41. Which plan called for a one-house legislature and multi-person executive?
    the New Jersey Plan
  42. What was the subject of the Great Compromise?
    the form of the legislative branch
  43. The publication of which of the following galvanized the colonists' belief that reconciliation with Great Britain was impossible?
    Common Sense
  44. Which of the following was a problem under the Articles of Confederation?
    Amendments to the Articles were too easy to ratify.
  45. Mercantilism is an economic theory designed to increase wealth through the development of which of the following?
    industry
  46. What did supporters of the New Jersey Plan want to do to the Articles of Confederation?
    strengthen them
  47. Which of the following is a reason for the separation of powers?
    to prevent tyranny by any one branch
  48. Which of the following can be found in Article I?
    necessary and proper clause
  49. Aside from the First Amendment, what portion of the U.S. Constitution deals with the relationship between the state and religion?
    Article VI
  50. Which of the following is a method of ratification for a constitutional amendment?
    by three-fourths of voting-age citizens
  51. The Committees of __________ were used by colonists to keep each other abreast of developments with the British.
    Correspondence
  52. The Constitution was ratified in 1776.
    True/False
    False
  53. Under the Articles of Confederation, the federal government had broad power to levy taxes.
    True/False
    False
  54. The New Jersey Plan proposed a one-house legislature with one vote for each state.
    True/False
    True
  55. Generally, smaller states wanted to strengthen the Articles of Confederation, rather than replace them.
    True/False
    True
  56. The Three-Fifths Compromise specified that only three-fifths of slaves could vote.
    True/False
    False
  57. Article I describes the powers of the president.
    True/False
    True
  58. How Do the Articles of Confederation and the U.S. Constitution Compare to One Another?, the Articles of Confederation did not include an executive.
    True/False
    True
  59. The Stamp Act was a major catalyst for the American Revolution.
    true/false
    true
  60. The main weakness of the Articles of Confederation was the lack of a strong national government.
    True/False
    true
  61. A constitution is a written document establishing the structure, functions, and limitations of a government.
    True/False
    True
  62. The New Jersey Plan proposed a powerful central government with three branches.
    True/False
    False
  63. Article III of the Constitution permits Congress to establish lower national courts
    True/False
    True
  64. Article IV of the Constitution requires Ohio to honor an adoption that took place in California.
    True/False
    True
  65. North Carolina's rejection of the Constitution prompted Congress to submit the Bill of Rights to the states for ratification.
    True/False
    False
  66. The Anti-Federalists strongly supported the Bill of Rights.
    True/False
    True