Author:
lonelygirl
ID:
220044
Filename:
Chapter 6 Bones and Skeletal Tissues (Mastering A&P)
Updated:
2013-05-17 06:13:23
Tags:
Biology Anatomy Physiology
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Description:
Biology 103A
Show Answers:

  1. Choose the FALSE statement.

    A. Irregular bones include the vertebrae and hip bones. 
    B. The sternum is an example of a flat bone.
    C. Sesamoid bones form within certain tendons.
    D. Long bones include all limb bones except the patella.
    D. Long bones include all limb bones except the patella.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Which of the following is stored in bones?

    A. calcitonin
    B. iodine
    C. vitamin C
    D. glycogen
    E. phosphate
    E. phosphate
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Which description of bone cells is INCORRECT?

    A. Osteoblasts secrete collagen and calcium-binding proteins.
    B. Osteoclasts secrete digestive enzymes and hydrogen ions.
    C. Osteogenic cells can differentiate into osteoclasts.
    D. Bone lining cells on the internal surfaces of bone are also called endosteal cells.
    C. Osteogenic cells can differentiate into osteoclasts.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. The notable hardness of bone is attributed to ________.

    A. the presence of inorganic hydroxyapatites
    B. the presence of proteoglycans
    C. the presence of collagen fibers
    D. the presence of cartilage
    E. the presence of glycoproteins
    A. the presence of inorganic hydroxyapatites
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. The illustrated bone-forming process would be associated with which of the following bones?



    A. humerus
    B. femur
    C. vertebrae
    D. parietal
    E. All of the listed responses are correct.
    D. parietal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. What indicates that a long bone has reached its adult length?

    A. the presence of hyaline cartilage on the ends of the bone
    B. the presence of osteoblasts
    C. closure of the epiphyseal plate
    D. the presence of osteons
    C. closure of the epiphyseal plate
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. The structure indicated by the arrow is composed primarily of what material?



    A. compact bone
    B. hyaline cartilage
    C. dense connective tissue
    D. fibrocartilage
    B. hyaline cartilage
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. The correct order (from start to finish) of fracture repair is ________.

    A. bony callus formation, hematoma formation, fibrocartilaginous callus formation, and bone remodeling
    B. bone remodeling, hematoma formation, fibrocartilaginous callus formation, and bony callus formation
    C. hematoma formation, bony callus formation, bone remodeling, and fibrocartilaginous callus formation
    D. hematoma formation, fibrocartilaginous callus formation, bony callus formation, and bone remodeling
    D. hematoma formation, fibrocartilaginous callus formation, bony callus formation, and bone remodeling
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Choose the CORRECT pairing.

    A. osteomalacia: excessive mineralization of the bone
    B. paget's disease: excessive and haphazard bone deposition and resorption
    C. osteoporosis: increased bone density
    D. rickets: deficiency of vitamin A
    B. paget's disease: excessive and haphazard bone deposition and resorption
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Hypercalcemia can be caused by_________.

    A. reduced parafollicular cell activity
    B. hypersecretion of parathyroid hormone
    C. All of the listed responses are correct.
    D. insufficient vitamin D levels in the body
    B. hypersecretion of parathyroid hormone
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Hyaline cartilage ________.

    A. gives shape to the external ear
    B. is found on the ends of bones that form movable joints
    C. is the rarest of the skeletal cartilages
    D. forms "shock-absorbing" pads between the vertebrae
    B. is found on the ends of bones that form movable joints
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Which type of cartilage covers and protects the ends of bones at freely moveable joints?

    A. elastic cartilage
    B. hyaline cartilage
    C. both hyaline and elastic cartilage
    D. fibrocartilage
    B. hyaline cartilage
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. The axial skeleton includes the ________.

    A. bones of the legs
    B. bones of the arms
    C. ribs
    D. hip bones
    C. ribs
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. The main role of the appendicular skeleton is to protect and support vital organs. True or False
    False
  15. Bones do NOT have a role in ________.

    A. blood cell formation
    B. movement
    C. glycogen production
    D. support
    E. fat storage
    C. glycogen production
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Dense connective tissue forms part of which labeled part of the adult long bone in the figure?



    A. C
    B. B
    C. D
    D. A
    E. E
    A. C
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Which of the labeled parts of the bone is composed primarily of hyaline cartilage?



    A. C
    B. B
    C. D
    D. A
    E. E
     
    D. A
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Which of the labeled parts of the bone is composed primarily of compact bone?



    A. C
    B. B
    C. D
    D. A
    E. E
    C. D
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Which of the following is the major component of the part of the bone labeled E?



    A. osseous tissue
    B. adipose tissue
    C. hyaline cartilage
    D. dense connective tissue
    B. adipose tissue
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. In which of the labeled parts of the adult long bone would hematopoietic tissue be located?



    A. C
    B. B
    C. D
    D. A
    E. E
    B. B
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. The structures in the figure collectively form a structural unit termed a(n) ______.



    A. diploe
    B. Haversian canal
    C. osteon
    D. trebeculae
    C. osteon
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. The indicated osteocyte is located within layers of bony matrix termed ______.



    A. periosteum
    B. lacuna
    C. lamellae
    D. caniculi
    C. lamellae
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. The indicated blood vessels and nerve are found within a ______.



    A. caniculus
    B. marrow cavity
    C. Central (Haversian) canal
    D. Perforating (Volkmann's) canal
    C. Central (Haversian) canal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Osteocytes are connected to each other through which structure?



    A. Volksmann's canal
    B. caniculi
    C. lacuna
    D. Haversian canal
    B. caniculi
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. What bone-associated structure in panel C is indicated by the arrow?



    A. osteon
    B. periosteum
    C. trabeculae
    D. epiphyseal plate
    C. trabeculae
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. In adults, yellow marrow is located ________.

    A. in the medullary cavity of long bones
    B. in the central canals of osteons
    C. primarily in flat bones
    D. in the epiphyseal plates of long bones
    A. in the medullary cavity of long bones
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. The osteon is ________.

    A. the structural unit of compact bone
    B. the structural unit of spongy bone
    C. a fibrous membrane that covers and protects bone
    D. a network of red marrow
    A. the structural unit of compact bone
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. The epiphyseal plate is ________.

    A. the long axis of a bone
    B. where long bone lengthening occurs
    C. where yellow bone marrow is produced
    D. the site of red bone marrow production
    B. where long bone lengthening occurs
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. What is osteoid?

    A. one of the cell types found in bone
    B. the outer surface of bone
    C. the inorganic part of the matrix of bone
    D. the organic part of the matrix of bone
    D. the organic part of the matrix of bone
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. Which bone cells form bone?

    A. osteocytes
    B. chondroblasts
    C. osteoclasts
    D. osteoblasts
    D. osteoblasts
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. What is the structural unit of compact bone?

    A. osteoid
    B. haversian canal
    C. osteon
    D. canaliculus
    C. osteon
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. During bone growth, which event is most significant at the surface indicated by the letter A?



    A. conversion of cartilage into bone
    B. expansion of articular cartilage
    C. expansion of the cartilage matrix
    D. conversion of bone into cartilage
     
    C. expansion of the cartilage matrix
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. During bone growth, which event is most significant at the surface indicated by the letter B?



    A. cell division of chondrocytes
    B. calcification of the cartilage matrix
    C. formation of compact bone.
    D. conversion of bone into cartilage
     
    B. calcification of the cartilage matrix
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. During bone growth, which significant event occurs at the surface indicated by the letter C?



    A. appositional growth
    B. conversion of spongy bone to compact bone
    C. bone resorption
    D. expansion of the articular cartilage
    A. appositional growth
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. During bone growth, which significant event occurs at the surface indicated by the letter D?



    A. bone resorption
    B. interstitial growth
    C. production of hyaline cartilage
    D. production of compact bone
    A. bone resorption
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. What is endochondral ossification?

    A. the formation of bone from pre-existing elastic cartilage models
    B. the formation of bone from pre-existing hyaline cartilage models
    C. the formation of bone from fibrous membranes
    D. the formation of bone from pre-existing fibrocartilage models
    B. the formation of bone from pre-existing hyaline cartilage models
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. Which of the following is UNLIKELY to affect bone remodeling?

    A. parathyroid hormone
    B. low blood Ca2+ concentration
    C. mechanical stress
    D. glucagon
    D. glucagon
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. Which of the following hormones is currently thought to decrease plasma calcium levels in pregnant women and children?

    A. calcitonin
    B. thyroid hormones
    C. calcitriol
    D. parathyroid hormone (PTH)
    A. calcitonin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. PTH promotes the formation of which hormone?

    A. vitamin D
    B. thyroid hormones
    C. calcitriol
    D. calcitonin
    C. calcitriol
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. Which of the following would NOT be a way that parathyroid hormone (PTH) could alter plasma calcium levels? (Which one of the following is FALSE?)

    A. increase osteoblasts on bone
    B. increase osteoclasts
    C. increase reabsorption of calcium in the kidney
    A. increase osteoblasts on bone
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. Which hormone works directly in the intestine to increase plasma calcium levels?

    A. calcitriol
    B. parathyroid hormone (PTH)
    C. calcitonin
    A. calcitriol
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)