Author:
cbr1ryder
ID:
44893
Filename:
Study guid ch.5 (1-35)
Updated:
2010-10-25 20:23:08
Tags:
Autry
Folders:

Description:
Mr. Grantz study guid
Show Answers:

  1. What problem is associated with cyanosis of the oral mucosa?
    A. Low cardiac output
    B. Reduced arterial oxygenation
    C. Hyperventilation
    D. Hypoventilation
    B. Reduced arterial oxygenation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. What problem is associated with nasel flaring?
    A. Hypoxemia
    B. Increased lung compliance
    C. Increased work of breathing
    D. Increased dead space ventilation
    C. Increased work of breathing
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Which of the following is not associated with dilated and unresponsive pupils?
    A. Opiates
    B. Atropine
    C. Brain death
    D. Catecholamines
    A. Opiates
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. What term is used to describe constriction of the pupils of the eye?
    A. Lytosis
    B. Miosis
    C. Mydriasis
    D. Nystagmus
    B. Miosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. What term is used to describe drooping of the eyelids?
    A. Ptosis
    B. Miosis
    C. Diplopia
    D. Chondrosis
    A. Ptsosi
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Which of the following physical examination findings is associated with myasthenia gravis?
    A. Ptosis
    B. Miosis
    C. Mydrasis
    D. Hepatomegaly
    A. Ptosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. What term is used to describe double vision?
    A. Miosis
    B. Diplopia
    C. Nystagmus
    d. None of the above
    B. Diplopia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Which of the following is most likely to cause tracheal deviation?
    A. Left upper lobe pneumonia
    B. Right upper lobe pneumothorax
    C. Left lower lobe pleural effusion
    D. right lower lobe pleural effusion
    B. Right upper lobe pneuothorax
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Which of the following is the most common cause of jugular venous distention?
    A. Auto-positive end-exiratory pressure (PEEP)
    B. Pneumonia
    C. Pneumothorax
    D. Right heart failure
    D. Right heart failure
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. At what angle should the head of the bed be elevated to assess jugular vein pressure (JVP)?
    a. 15o
    b. 30o
    c. 45o
    d. 90o
    c. 45o
  11. In the patient's chart the physician documented finding lymphadenopathy in the neck region that is tender to the touch. this is consistent with:
    A. respiratory infection
    B. HIV
    C. lymphoma
    D. lung cancer
    A. respiratory infection
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. The horizontal fissure that seperates the right upper lobe from the right middle lobe begins at what rib in the midsternal line?
    A. Rib 2
    B. Rib 4
    C. Rib 6
    D. Rib 8
    B. Rib 4
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. At what point on the posterior chest wall can the inferior border of the lung normally be found?
    A.Between T4 and T6
    B. Between T6 and T8
    C. Between T9 and T12
    d. None of the above
    C. Between T9 and T12
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. What term describes an abnormal lateral curvature of the spine?
    A. Kyphosis
    B. Scoliosis
    C. Anhidrosis
    D. Myelosis
    B. Scoliosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. What disorder is associated with a barrel chest?
    A. Chronic bronchitis
    B. Pneumonia
    C. Emphysema
    D. Chest trauma
    C. Emphysema
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. What pattern of breathing is associated with a loss in lung volume?
    A. Slow and deep
    B. Rapid and deep
    C. Slow and shallow
    D. rapid and shallow
    D. rapid and shallow
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. What disease is most likely to cause a prolonged expiratory time?
    A. Asthma
    B. Pneumonia
    C. Pneumothorax
    D. Pulmonary fibrosis
    A. Asthma
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. What disease is most likely to inspiratory time?
    A. COPD
    B. Asthma
    C. Epiglottitis
    D. Acute bronchitis
    C. Epiglottitis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. What term describes the sinking inward of the skin overlying the rib cage with each inspiratory effort?
    A. Ataxia
    B. Bulging
    C. Retractions
    D. Mydriasis
    C. Retractions
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Which of the following is a sign of more severe chronic obstructed pulmonary disease?
    A. Prolonged inspiratory time
    B. Decrease in anteroposterior (AP) diameter of the chest
    C. Significant use of accessory muscle at rest
    D. Small retrosternal airspace on the lateral chest film
    C. Significant use of accessory muscle at rest
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. What breathing pattern is associated with fatigue of the diaphragm?
    A. Bradypnea
    B. Deep and fast breathing
    C. Biot's breathing
    D. Abdominal paradox
    D. Abdominal paradox
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. In patients with sever COPD and hyperinflation, the low, flat diaphragm causes inward movement of the lateral chest walls with inspiration. What is this called?
    A. Abdominal paradox
    B. Biot's breathing
    C. Hoover's sign
    D. Respiratory alternans
    C. Hoover's sign
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. What clinical condition is associated with central cyanosis?
    A. Hypercaria
    B. Renal failure
    C. Poor circulation
    D. Respiratory failure
    D. Respiratory failure
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Which of the following will cause an increase in vocal fremitus upon palpation?
    A. COPD
    B. Obesity
    C. Pneumonia
    D. Pneumothorax
    C. Pneumonia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Which of the following will cause a decrease in vocal fremitus upon palpation?
    A. Atelectasis
    B. Pneumonia
    C. Lung tumor
    D. Pneumothorax
    D. Pneumothorax
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. What clinical disorder will cause a unilateral decrease in thoracic expansion?
    A. COPD
    B. Lobar pneumonia
    C. Acute asthma attack
    D. Neuromuscular disease
    B. Lobar pneumonia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. On assessment of chest expansion with palpation, the right lower chest is found to lag behind the left. With what problem is this finding constent?
    A. COPD
    B. Right lower lobe pneumonia
    C. Left lower lower pneumonia
    D. Severe asthma
    B. Right lower lobe pneumonia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. What clinical disorder will cause resonance to percussion?
    A.Atelectasis
    B. Pneumonia
    C. Pneumothorax
    D. Pleural effusion
    C. Pneumothorax
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. What clinical disorder will cause decreased resonance to percussion?
    A. COPD
    B. Asthma
    C. Pneumonia
    D. Pneumothorax
    C. Pneumonia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. The bell portion of the stethoscope is best designed to listen to ________-pitched _______sounds.
    A. low; lung
    B. low; heart
    C. high; lung
    D. high; heart
    B. low; heart
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. What technique is most useful for application of the bell portion of the stethoscope?
    A. Press it lightly against the chest wall
    B. Press it firmlly aginst the chest wall
    C. Hold it about 1cm from the chest wall
    D. Slide it gently in a circular motion on the chest wall
    A. Press it lightly against the chest wall
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. The diaphragm portion of the stethoscope is used to listen for:
    A. heart murmurs
    B. pleural friction rubs
    C. low-pitched heart sounds
    D. most lung sounds
    D. most lung sounds
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. Where is the best anatomical place to begin auscultation in most patients?
    A. Over the trachea
    B. Over the upper lobes
    C. In the axillary regions
    D. In the dependent regions
    D. In the dependent regions
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. Which of the following characteristics does not apply to normal tracheal breath sounds?
    A. Loud
    B. Low pitched
    C. High pitched
    D. Fairly equal inspiratory and expiratory components
    B. Low pitched
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. What term is used to describe the normal breath sounds heard around the sternum on the anterior chest and between the scapulae on the posterior chest?
    A. Tubular
    B. Vesicular
    C. Bronchial
    D. Bronchovesicular
    D. Bronchovesicular
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)