Author:
upcpk
ID:
64289
Filename:
Phil Test 1 (part 2)
Updated:
2011-02-05 13:21:43
Tags:
Philosophy Mind Body Enduring Self examined Life
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Description:
Intro to Phil TCC, Test 1, Part 2
Show Answers:

  1. The Metaphysical view that claims reality ultimately consists of two kinds of things is

    A. materialism
    B. dualism
    C. dadaism
    D. pluralism
    B. Dualism
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. The scientific conception of the nature of the mind tends to take the metaphysical view of:
    A. dualism
    B. materialism
    C. deism
    D. scepticism
    B. materialism
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. The 17th century philosopher who gave us analytic geometry and focused much attention upon the thory of dualism was:
    A. Thomas Hobbes
    B. Rene Descartes
    C. Hilary Putnam
    D. David Hume
    B. Rene Descartes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Traditionally, one of the most formidable problems facing any metaphysical theory of dualism is:
    A. how mind and body can interact
    B. how a mind can think logically and non-logically
    C. how the body becomes diseased
    D. how souls can be immortal
    A. how a mind and body can interact
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. From a scientific point of view, dualism lacks feasibility since it

    A. tends to be defended by religious thinkers
    B. is most strongly associated with the French
    C. claims that bodies are essentially extended
    D. apparently violates the 1st Law of Thermodynamics
    A. tends to be defended by relitious thinkers
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Thomas Hobbes, a contemporary and critic of Descartes, argues that reality ultimately consists of:
    A. matter in motion
    B. bodies and disembodied spirits
    C. people, who possess minds and objects, which have no minds.
    D. only ideas and the minds that think them
    A. matter in motion
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Which of the following contemporary theories of the mind would be considered a version of metaphysical materialism?
    A. behaviorism
    B. dualism
    C. idealism
    D. pluralism
    A. behaviorism
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. A fundamental problem with all forms of behaviorism is
    A. accounting for the subjective feature of all consciousness
    B. developing adequate schedules of reinforcement
    C. the theories are complex and not fun
    D. accounting for immortality
    A. accounting for the subjective feature of all consciousness
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. The Turing Test for determining artificial intelligence involves
    A. creating organic computers
    B. requiring a computer to have limited visual experience
    C. being unable to distinguish between the reponses of a computer and those of a human
    D. requiring that info be computed at a speed of at least 200 megahertz
    C. being unable to distinguish between the reponses of a computer and those of a human
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. According to John Searle's Chinese Room argument:
    A. the Chinese language is much more complex than English
    B. the Chinese Room demonstrates that computer laguage also has semantics
    C. syntax and semantics are synonyms
    D. computers only manipulate formal symbols
    D. computers only manipulate formal symbols
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. A fundamental distinction between a computer processing info and the brain processing information is that:
    A. the brain distributes itls load over time but a computer distributes over space
    B. the computer distributes is load over time but a brain distributes over space
    C. the computer is dependent upon neural transmitters
    D. the brain transmits info at the speed of light
    A. the brain distributes itls load over time but a computer distributes over space
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Theories claiming that mental phenomena are really some type of physical phenomena are considered to be:
    A. reductionistic theories
    B. synthetic theories
    C. dualistic and Cartesian
    D. ad hoc hypothesis
    A. reductionistic theories
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. T or F:
    Descartes held that thinking is part of the essence of self
    True
  14. T or F:
    Traditional dualism holds that a human is composed of a material body and an immaterial mind.
    True
  15. T or F:
    Accordign to J.J.C. Smart there is a contingent identity between sensation and brain states.
    True
  16. T or F:
    Hilary Putnam uses the exapmle of a "superactor" and a "superspartan" to prove behaviorism is true.
    True
  17. T or F:
    Functionalism holds that we should explain mental activities and states in terms of inputs and outputs
    True
  18. Define Reductionism
    the idea that one knd of thing is, or can be defined as, another kind of thing
  19. Define Turing Test
    A test for judging when a computer has reached the equivalent of a human mind by determining if the outputs a computer generates in response to the inputs it received are the same as the outputs a human mind woud gernerate in resonse to the same inputs
  20. ID theory (pro/con)
    The idea that mental states are really physical brain states

    Pro - states of consciousness are identical with states of the brain (Smart)

    Con - brain states and experiences are 2 very different things with different qualities
  21. Define Essence
    that which makes an entity what it is; that defining characteristic in whose absence a thing would not be intself
  22. Functionalism (pro/con)
    explanation of mental activites and states as terms that mediate or relate perceptual inputs and behavioral outputs

    pro -

    con - leaves out the inner consious states we are directly aware of (perception)
  23. Who is Hobbes?
    Related to materialism (the existence of consiousness)

    "only matter is real. pereptual desire of mankind is power"
  24. Eliminative Materialism
    We must eliminate our belief in the existence of consiousness. What seemed to be there was merely an appearance.
  25. The belief in an enduring self is a claim that the self
    A. is an illusion
    B. remains the same through change
    C. is a construction of language
    D. is an intergration created by the brain
    B. remains the same through change
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Plato raised some skeptical concerns about an enduring self because
    A. all parts of our body and soul change dramatically over time
    B. all knowledge was doubtful
    C. memory too often failed
    D. when he introspected he could find no invariable idea of a self
    A. all parts of our body and soul change dramatically over time
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Some philosophers, including John Locke, have argued that personal identity or sameness of self resides in
    A. having the same body
    B. immortality
    C. a mystical super-glue
    D. continuity of memory
    D. continuity of memory
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. According to David Hume, if the self is to be known then it is know through
    A. perception
    B. mystical experience
    C. experimentation
    D. introspection
    A. perception
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. According to David Hume, we have
    A. a vivid and lively idea of an enduring self
    B. a certain and distinct idea of an enduring self
    C. no constant and invariable idea of an enduring self
    D. a divinely inspired idea of self
    C. no constant and invariable idea of an enduring self
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. Some modern neurological accounts consider the notion of an enduring self to be
    A. an illusion integration created by the brain
    B. a religious object beyond scientific investigation
    C. that thing which is channeled over time in different bodies
    D. a mental substance better studied by metaphysicians
    A. an illusion integration created by the brain
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Some contemporary philosophical views have argued that our idea of an enduring self is better understood as
    A. a construction of language
    B. a religious object beyond philosophical reflection
    C. an object of psychic research
    D. a something; i know not what
    A. a construction of language
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. The Japanese rock garden of the Ryoan-Ji temple in Kyoto suggest that the self is
    A. illusory and unreal
    B. elusive but real
    C. holy and capable of salvation
    D. real but stone cold
    B. elusive but real
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. T or F:
    A person always remains the same person even when the person has total amnesia
    False
  34. T or F:
    The philosopher Diotima argued that "unlike the gods, a mortal creature cannot remain the same throughout eternity"
    True
  35. T or F:
    Descartes wrote that "if i should wholly cease to think.. i should at the same time altogether cease to be."
    True
  36. T or F:
    Locke hold that what makes a person at one time the same person he is at a later time, is the fact that he continues to have the same soul
    True
  37. T or F:
    According to the Buddha, the idea of an enduring self is an illusion that produces suffering and egoism
    True
  38. Define Soul
    an immaterial entity that is identified with consciousness, mind or personality

    "I think, therefore I am" - Descartes
  39. No self [Buddhism, Hume]
    We cannot see all 15 stones in the garden at the same time, we cannot see our self. It escapes detection.no matter how hard we try
  40. Memory [locke]
    Locke says we do have an enduring self as long as we have memories of how we were thinking, feeling at the time of the behavior.