Author:
upcpk
ID:
64289
Filename:
Phil Test 1 (part 2)
Updated:
2011-02-05 13:21:43
Tags:
Philosophy Mind Body Enduring Self examined Life
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Description:
Intro to Phil TCC, Test 1, Part 2
Show Answers:

  1. The Metaphysical view that claims reality ultimately consists of two kinds of things is

    A. materialism
    B. pluralism
    C. dadaism
    D. dualism
    D. Dualism
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. The scientific conception of the nature of the mind tends to take the metaphysical view of:
    A. dualism
    B. scepticism
    C. deism
    D. materialism
    D. materialism
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. The 17th century philosopher who gave us analytic geometry and focused much attention upon the thory of dualism was:
    A. Thomas Hobbes
    B. David Hume
    C. Hilary Putnam
    D. Rene Descartes
    D. Rene Descartes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Traditionally, one of the most formidable problems facing any metaphysical theory of dualism is:
    A. how mind and body can interact
    B. how souls can be immortal
    C. how the body becomes diseased
    D. how a mind can think logically and non-logically
    A. how a mind and body can interact
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. From a scientific point of view, dualism lacks feasibility since it

    A. tends to be defended by religious thinkers
    B. apparently violates the 1st Law of Thermodynamics
    C. claims that bodies are essentially extended
    D. is most strongly associated with the French
    A. tends to be defended by relitious thinkers
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Thomas Hobbes, a contemporary and critic of Descartes, argues that reality ultimately consists of:
    A. matter in motion
    B. only ideas and the minds that think them
    C. people, who possess minds and objects, which have no minds.
    D. bodies and disembodied spirits
    A. matter in motion
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Which of the following contemporary theories of the mind would be considered a version of metaphysical materialism?
    A. behaviorism
    B. pluralism
    C. idealism
    D. dualism
    A. behaviorism
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. A fundamental problem with all forms of behaviorism is
    A. accounting for the subjective feature of all consciousness
    B. accounting for immortality
    C. the theories are complex and not fun
    D. developing adequate schedules of reinforcement
    A. accounting for the subjective feature of all consciousness
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. The Turing Test for determining artificial intelligence involves
    A. creating organic computers
    B. requiring that info be computed at a speed of at least 200 megahertz
    C. being unable to distinguish between the reponses of a computer and those of a human
    D. requiring a computer to have limited visual experience
    C. being unable to distinguish between the reponses of a computer and those of a human
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. According to John Searle's Chinese Room argument:
    A. the Chinese language is much more complex than English
    B. computers only manipulate formal symbols
    C. syntax and semantics are synonyms
    D. the Chinese Room demonstrates that computer laguage also has semantics
    B. computers only manipulate formal symbols
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. A fundamental distinction between a computer processing info and the brain processing information is that:
    A. the brain distributes itls load over time but a computer distributes over space
    B. the brain transmits info at the speed of light
    C. the computer is dependent upon neural transmitters
    D. the computer distributes is load over time but a brain distributes over space
    A. the brain distributes itls load over time but a computer distributes over space
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Theories claiming that mental phenomena are really some type of physical phenomena are considered to be:
    A. reductionistic theories
    B. ad hoc hypothesis
    C. dualistic and Cartesian
    D. synthetic theories
    A. reductionistic theories
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. T or F:
    Descartes held that thinking is part of the essence of self
    True
  14. T or F:
    Traditional dualism holds that a human is composed of a material body and an immaterial mind.
    True
  15. T or F:
    Accordign to J.J.C. Smart there is a contingent identity between sensation and brain states.
    True
  16. T or F:
    Hilary Putnam uses the exapmle of a "superactor" and a "superspartan" to prove behaviorism is true.
    True
  17. T or F:
    Functionalism holds that we should explain mental activities and states in terms of inputs and outputs
    True
  18. Define Reductionism
    the idea that one knd of thing is, or can be defined as, another kind of thing
  19. Define Turing Test
    A test for judging when a computer has reached the equivalent of a human mind by determining if the outputs a computer generates in response to the inputs it received are the same as the outputs a human mind woud gernerate in resonse to the same inputs
  20. ID theory (pro/con)
    The idea that mental states are really physical brain states

    Pro - states of consciousness are identical with states of the brain (Smart)

    Con - brain states and experiences are 2 very different things with different qualities
  21. Define Essence
    that which makes an entity what it is; that defining characteristic in whose absence a thing would not be intself
  22. Functionalism (pro/con)
    explanation of mental activites and states as terms that mediate or relate perceptual inputs and behavioral outputs

    pro -

    con - leaves out the inner consious states we are directly aware of (perception)
  23. Who is Hobbes?
    Related to materialism (the existence of consiousness)

    "only matter is real. pereptual desire of mankind is power"
  24. Eliminative Materialism
    We must eliminate our belief in the existence of consiousness. What seemed to be there was merely an appearance.
  25. The belief in an enduring self is a claim that the self
    A. is an illusion
    B. is an intergration created by the brain
    C. is a construction of language
    D. remains the same through change
    D. remains the same through change
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Plato raised some skeptical concerns about an enduring self because
    A. all parts of our body and soul change dramatically over time
    B. when he introspected he could find no invariable idea of a self
    C. memory too often failed
    D. all knowledge was doubtful
    A. all parts of our body and soul change dramatically over time
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Some philosophers, including John Locke, have argued that personal identity or sameness of self resides in
    A. having the same body
    B. continuity of memory
    C. a mystical super-glue
    D. immortality
    B. continuity of memory
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. According to David Hume, if the self is to be known then it is know through
    A. perception
    B. introspection
    C. experimentation
    D. mystical experience
    A. perception
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. According to David Hume, we have
    A. a vivid and lively idea of an enduring self
    B. a divinely inspired idea of self
    C. no constant and invariable idea of an enduring self
    D. a certain and distinct idea of an enduring self
    C. no constant and invariable idea of an enduring self
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. Some modern neurological accounts consider the notion of an enduring self to be
    A. an illusion integration created by the brain
    B. a mental substance better studied by metaphysicians
    C. that thing which is channeled over time in different bodies
    D. a religious object beyond scientific investigation
    A. an illusion integration created by the brain
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Some contemporary philosophical views have argued that our idea of an enduring self is better understood as
    A. a construction of language
    B. a something; i know not what
    C. an object of psychic research
    D. a religious object beyond philosophical reflection
    A. a construction of language
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. The Japanese rock garden of the Ryoan-Ji temple in Kyoto suggest that the self is
    A. illusory and unreal
    B. real but stone cold
    C. holy and capable of salvation
    D. elusive but real
    D. elusive but real
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. T or F:
    A person always remains the same person even when the person has total amnesia
    False
  34. T or F:
    The philosopher Diotima argued that "unlike the gods, a mortal creature cannot remain the same throughout eternity"
    True
  35. T or F:
    Descartes wrote that "if i should wholly cease to think.. i should at the same time altogether cease to be."
    True
  36. T or F:
    Locke hold that what makes a person at one time the same person he is at a later time, is the fact that he continues to have the same soul
    True
  37. T or F:
    According to the Buddha, the idea of an enduring self is an illusion that produces suffering and egoism
    True
  38. Define Soul
    an immaterial entity that is identified with consciousness, mind or personality

    "I think, therefore I am" - Descartes
  39. No self [Buddhism, Hume]
    We cannot see all 15 stones in the garden at the same time, we cannot see our self. It escapes detection.no matter how hard we try
  40. Memory [locke]
    Locke says we do have an enduring self as long as we have memories of how we were thinking, feeling at the time of the behavior.