HLTH quiz 1
2011-04-08 17:24:53
medical terms

CHPS 1-4
Show Answers:

  1. The word part that contains the fundamental meaning of a word is the:
    root word "stem word"
  2. In the medical term 'intra/ven/ous', -ven- is the:
    word root or stem word
  3. The word part attached to the beginning of a word root in order to modify its meaning is called a(n)
  4. In the medical term 'arthr/itis', -itis is the:
  5. The word part attached to the end of a word root in order to modify its meaning is the:
  6. The most common combining vowel is:
  7. 7. In the divided medical term 'arthr/o/pathy', "o" is the:
    combining vowel "used with both the stem word and suffix"
  8. 8. In the divided medical term 'sub/hepat/ic', which part is the prefix and which part is the suffix?
    sub- and -ic
  9. 9. The combining form of a stem word is usually made of two component parts, the _____ _____ and _____ _____:
    word root and combining vowel
  10. 10. In the divided medial term 'osteopor/o/sis', the slash lines (/) indicate that the vowel "o” may be used as part of which word parts?
    por- and -osis
  11. 11. The phrase, refers to or _____, is a generalized actual meaning (not a literal meaning) used for the suffixes -a, -ia, -iac, -al, -ar, -ic, -is, -on, -os, -us, -ium, and -um.
    pertains to
  12. 12. Verb variations of a stem word usually describe:
    action taken, condition, or state
  13. 13. Adjectives usually modify a noun (thing named) denoting quality, quantity, extent, or _____ .
    distinction of the object from something else
  14. 14. Breaking a compound term into component word parts (usually with its combining vowel or vowels) is called:
  15. 15. What cellular organelle contains chromosomes and has the literal meaning "nut"?
  16. 16. The combining form or term that literally means "internal organs" is:
  17. 17. The abdominal cavity contains the:
  18. 18. My/o- is the combining form of a word part that means:
  19. 19. The combining form hist/o- means:
    tissue or web-like
  20. 20. A body part which is formed of two or more types of body tissue and performs one or more specific functions is called a(n) ________:
  21. 21. The suffix –plas/ia is a compound suffix (2 or more parts) that refers to:
    formation, growth or development
  22. 22. Bone is described as _____ tissue.
  23. 23. The combining form that means "cause of (disease)" is:
  24. 24. The prefix that means “change or after” is:
  25. 25. The suffix that means "to control or stop" is:
  26. 26. The medical term that means "the science of or study of body changes caused by disease” is
  27. 27. The combining form onc/o- means:
  28. 28. If a tumor is found to be benign, it is:
    encapsulated, slow growing, and expansive
  29. 29. The medical term for new growth (of abnormal tissue or tumor) is:
  30. 30. The 'LITERAL MEANING' of the medical term carcin/oma is:
    crab-like tumor "invades with crab-like leg growths"
  31. 31. The correct way to fracture or divide the medical term melanocarcinoma is:
  32. 32. The directional term 'lateral' describes movement in which direction:
    to the side
  33. 33. The directional term that means "toward the lower end of the body" is:
  34. 34. The term that describes the direction closest to the point of origin is:
  35. 35. The directional term for movement toward the back of the body is:
  36. 36. The term that describes movement toward the top of the body is:
  37. 37. The term that describes movement toward the front of the body is:
  38. 38. The directional term 'inferior' describes movement: toward the lower end of the body
  39. 39. The term that divides the body into right and left halves is the:
    sagittal plane "like an arrow"
  40. 40. The term 'coronal' or 'frontal plane' divides the body into the:
    anterior and posterior portions
  41. 41. The regional term that refers to the areas on both the right and left sides of the hypo/gastr/ic body region is the:
    {NOTE: There are 9 individual abdomino/pelv/ic regions} iliac or inguinal
  42. 42. If a wound is considered superficial it is:
    situated near the surface
  43. 43. If one is flat on their back and face up, they are in a _____ position.
  44. 44. A 'Plantar Wart' is located on the:
    sole of the foot
  45. 45. The term defined as the process of drawing away from the mid-line or middle is:
  46. 46. The movement in which a limb is placed in a straight position is called:
  47. 47. The term 'af/ferent' (as in sensory impulses) is defined as:
    conveying toward the center
  48. 48. If you rotate your shoulder around a central point, it is called:
  49. 49. Graduates of a Medical School still take the _____ Oath:
  50. 50. If an infection is "Chronic" it is characterized by:
    little change, slow progression, and long duration
  51. 51. An epithelial or covering cell malignant tumor is referred to as a(n):
  52. 52. A tumor of the fibrous and cartilaginous tissue is called a(n):
  53. 53. The study of disease is referred to as:
  54. 54. Cancers of the circulatory system include:
    leukemia and lymphomas
  55. 55. A fatty tumor is called a(n) :
    lipoma, steatoma, or adipoma
  56. 56. The term "metastasis" means:
    to spread
  57. 57. The term "hyperplasia" means:
    increase in development
  58. 58. The term "diagnosis" means:
    total knowledge
  59. 59. The term "Clinical" means:
    at patients bedside
  60. 60. The term "Prognosis" means:
    before knowledge
  61. 61. The term "Mammogram" means:
    a recording of the breast
  62. 62. The term "Xerogram" means:
    a dry recording
  63. 63. The term "Intravenous Injection -IV" means:
    within a vein
  64. 64. The term "Phlebotomy" means:
    to cut into a vein
  65. 65. The term "Radiogram " means:
    X-ray recording
  66. 66. "Fluoroscopy" is used to record ________:
    moving body parts
  67. 67. “Angiograms” are used for ________:
    recording pictures of vessels
  68. 68. “Graphy” literally means ________:
    procedure using an instrument to record
  69. 69. The “KUB” examination looks for defects in the:
    kidney, ureter, and bladder
  70. 70. The “Pyelogram” records information about the _____:
    kidney pelvis
  71. 71. A “Myelogram” is used to record _______ information:
    spinal cord/nerve tissue
  72. 72. Body “X-rays” produce pictures of _____body tissue and bones:
  73. 73. A “_______” is a noninvasive roentgenography diagnostic technique.
    Computerized Axial Tomography (Scan-CAT)
  74. 74. A "_____" produces a radio frequency radiation pulse image of soft and hard tissue in multiple planes. It does not produce ionizing radiation hazards.
    Magnetic Resonance Imaging (Scan)-MRI
  75. 75. Laser assisted surgery "LASIK" is used to correct:
    myopia (and hyperopia)
  76. 76. A "EKG or ECG" is used to record information about _____ electrical activity.
  77. 77. A "EEG" is used to record information about _____ electrical activity.
  78. 78. An "EMG" is used to record information about _____ electrical activity.
    skeletal muscle
  79. 79. A "PET Scan" is used to detect glucose or energy use levels of the ________:
  80. 80. A "Thallium - Hot Spot Test" is used to detect _____ damage:
  81. 81. The term "Stetho/scop/e" literally means:
    instrument to examine the chest
  82. 82. The term "Auscult/ation" literally means:
    process or procedure for listening
  83. 83. The term "Percuss/ion" literally means:
    process or procedure of striking
  84. 84. The term “ocular” literally means:
    refers to the eye
  85. 85. The term "Sphygmo/mano/meter" literally means:
    to measure the pulse by hand
  86. 86. The procedure of using an instrument that produces high frequency sound waves to produce an image of the size or shape of a body part is called:
  87. 87. The term "Biopsy" literally means:
    the procedure of viewing life
  88. 88. The term "Laryngo/scop/y" literally and actually means:
    the procedure of viewing and examining the voice box
  89. 89. The term "Ophthalmo/scop/e" means:
    instrument to examine the eye
  90. 90. A "Tonometer" measures pressure within the ________:
  91. 91. The term "Nebuliz/er" means:
    one who causes a mist
  92. 92. The term "Cryo/surg/er/y" literally means:
    a procedure of one who works by hand with cold
  93. 93. An "Otoscope" is used to view the:
  94. 94. The term "Tympanostomy" literally means:
    procedure of cutting and making a mouth-like opening in the ear drum
  95. 95. A "Spinal Tap" is used to ________:
    take fluid samples from the spinal fluid
  96. 96. The term "Catheter" literally means:
    to let down, into
  97. 97. A "Defibrillator" is used to correct ________:
    abnormal heart beats or rhythms
  98. 98. An "Electro Shock Therapy - EST" is also known as:
    Electric Convulsive Therapy - ECT
  99. 99. A "Pacemaker" can be external or internal and usually generates electrical stimuli to the heart muscle with ________:
    fixed and/or alternate impulses
  100. 100. The term "Surgery" literally means:
    procedure of working by hand
  101. 101. "Complimentary or Alternative Medicine" is now referred to as ________:
    Integrated Medicine
  102. 102. "Biofeedback" is a type of _____ therapy:
  103. 103. "Aromatherapy" is a type of integrated therapy that some may feel is _________:
    all of the above
  104. 104. "Placebo Effect Therapy"(like hypnotherapy) uses the principle of ________:
    suggestion and believability
  105. 105. “Therapeutic Touch Therapy” uses the principle that the body produces:
    energy or an aura - "halo"
  106. 106. “Massage and Reflexology” are examples of ________:
    integrated medicine
  107. 107. “Acu/puncture” literally means ________:
    needle puncture
  108. 108. The term “Bronchoscope”literally means:
    instrument to view trachea-like structures
  109. 109. The abbreviation “ICU” refers to a(n):
    Intensive Care Unit
  110. 110. The term “Intramuscular Injection-IM” literally means:
    within a muscle
  111. 111. “Lithotripsy” is a procedure for crushing ________:
    stones or calculi debris
  112. 112. “Cryosurgery” is used to treat ________:
    verrucae or warts
  113. 113. The ____________is used to treat brain cancer by directing radiation at precise brain locations.
    Gamma Knife
  114. 114. Dr. Elizabeth Kubler-Ross is best known for:
    The Stages of Death and Dying