Author:
alyspins
ID:
74852
Filename:
hlth quiz 2
Updated:
2011-04-08 17:23:57
Tags:
musculoskeletal health terms
Folders:

Description:
health terms for musculoskeletal system
Show Answers:

  1. The myeloid tissue in cancellous bone is semi-liquid and produces most RBCs, WBCs, and Platelets is usually referred to as:
    bone marrow or red marrow
  2. 2. The upper jawbone is called the:
    maxilla
  3. 3. The first seven bones of the vertebral column (forming the neck) are the:
    cervical
  4. 4. The third set of 5 large vertebrae, which form the inward curve of the lower spine and are the spinal column's major weight bearers, are called:
    lumbar vertebrae
  5. 5. The wrist bones composed of 8 small bones in two rows are called the:
    carpus or carpals
  6. 6. The ankle bones are called the ________ bones:
    tarsal "flat surface"
  7. 7. The combining forms or terms that literally mean "rib" are:
    cost/o and pleuro-
  8. 8. The combining word form that refers to the "spine, vertebral column, and/or vertebra" is:
    "rachi/o- and “spondyl/o-“
  9. 9. The term that means cartilage swelling or cartilage tumor is:
    chondroma
  10. 10. The diagnostic term that literally means inflamed joint is:
    arthr/itis
  11. 11. The medical term Burs/itis literally means:
    wine sac or sac inflamed
  12. 12. The term Ankylosis literally means:
    "crooked, stiff, bent/condition; bones pathologically fused together
  13. 13. The combining form of a term that means "hump or hunchback" is ________, and the medical condition of __________ is the backward bending of the thoracic (chest vertebrae) spine.
    kypho- - kyph/o/sis
  14. 14. The diagnostic term Genu Varum ( knees are in the varus position) means:
    Knees are bent outward (bow-legged)
  15. 15. The combining form __________ means bone marrow or spinal cord.
    myelo- "osteomyelitis or myelogram"
  16. 16. The combining forms that mean "movement or motion" are:
    kinesio- and -praxia
  17. 17. The combining forms that mean "stone" are:
    petro- and litho-
  18. 18. The combining form scolio- means:
    crooked and curved - lateral or side curve (to bend) of vertebrae, along with rotation
  19. 19. An ankle sprain is often characterized by ________:
    hematoma formation, with ligaments that are stretched, partially, of fully torn
  20. 20. The diagnostic term Ankylos/ing Spondyl/itis refers to the auto-immune condition of Rheumatoid Arthritis and actually means:
    the abnormal condition of stiffness and fusion of vertebrae
  21. 21. The diagnostic terms My/asthenia and Neur/asthenia mean:
    muscle weakness and nerve weakness
  22. 22. The diagnostic term that means pain in the tendon is:
    tenalgia or tenodynia
  23. 23. The diagnostic term that means abnormal build up of calcium on the kneecap (patella) surface is:
    calcin/osis
  24. 24. The diagnostic term Avulsion means:
    tearing lose of a body part like a bone chip or ligament
  25. 25. The diagnostic term for a disease that causes excessive amounts of uric acid crystals in the blood to be deposited in joint (elbow or toe) is:
    gout
  26. 26. The diagnostic term Herniated Disc means:
    ruptured or protruding inter/vertebral disk cartilage
  27. 27. The diagnostic term that means abnormal loss of bone density or increased bone poros/ity is:
    osteo/por/o/sis
  28. 28. The surgical terms Lamin/ectomy and Rachi/o/tomy actually mean:
    excision of posterior vertebral arch and cutting the vertebral column
  29. 29. The surgical term Arthr/o/desis means:
    surgical fixation or binding of a joint
  30. 30. An instrument used to cut bone is called a(n):
    osteo/tom/e
  31. 31. The surgical term for the repair of cartilage is called:
    chondr/o/plasty
  32. 32. The term Chiro/pract/or literally means:
    one who practices by hand
  33. 33. The surgical term that means fusing together of the spine (vertebrae) is:
    spondyl/o/syn/desis
  34. 34. The surgical term Phalang/ectomy means:
    excision of a finger or toe bone - digit
  35. 35. The surgical term that means "incision into the skull to drain fluid" is:
    cranio/centesis
  36. 36. The surgical term that actually means "surgically breaking joint apart" is:
    arthroclasia
  37. 37. CTS and TTS are abbreviations for ___________ Syn/drome (sign and symptom complex).
    Carpal or Tarsal Tunnel
  38. 38. The term Dys/chrondro/plas/ia literally refers to:
    faulty cartilage formation
  39. 39. The term for X-ray film (recording) of a joint is:
    arthro/gram
  40. 40. The procedural term that means visual examination inside a joint is:
    arthroscop/y
  41. 41. The medical term "Gangli/ec/tom/y" means:
    procedure of cutting out a knot
  42. 42. A physician who uses techniques and treatments common to Medical Doctors and Chiropractic Physicians is a(n):
    Oste/o/path
  43. 43. The modern medical term for a specialist who treats and diagnoses foot disease and disorders such as corns, bunions, claw foot, ingrown toenails, and par/onych/itis is a Chiro/pod/ist. A more current name would be:
    Pod/iatr/ist
  44. 44. The healing specialty that emphasizes a system of therapy based on the manipulation of the vertebral column and other bones of the body by hand is:
    Chiropractic
  45. 45. The medical term that means an artificial substitute or addition replacing a missing body part (teeth, feet, hearing aid, eye lens) is:
    prosth/esis
  46. 46. The diagnostic term Spondylo/listh/esis literally and actually means:
    vertebrae/slippage/condition
  47. 47. The diagnostic term Ankylosing Spondylitis means:
    fusing/process vertebrae/inflamed
  48. 48. The diagnostic term Rheumat/oid Arthr/itis means:
    auto-immune disease often with cartilaginous hyper/troph/y
  49. 49. The diagnostic term Osteoarthritis affects almost 30 million of the 50 million individuals with arthritis in the U.S.A. The term also means:
    inflammation of a bone joint causing bone hypertrophy
  50. 50. The diagnostic term Bunion (turnip sac) actually means:
    inflamed bursa of the big toe’s metatarsophalangeal joint
  51. 51. The diagnostic term Rotator Cuff Avulsion actually means:
    tearing of shoulder joint’s soft tissues, ligaments, and deep tendons (rotator cuff muscles)
  52. 52. The diagnostic term Bunion (turnip sac) actually means: inflamed bursa of the big toe’s metatarsophalangeal joint
  53. 53. The diagnostic term Housemaid's Knee means:
    inflamed bursa below the knee - related to an occupation
  54. 54. The diagnostic term Osteosarcoma means:
    bone tumors that causes hard tissue to become soft and fleshy
  55. 55. The diagnostic term Hip Disarticulation (HD) also means:
    A surgical amputation through the joint capsule of the hip joint
  56. 56. The diagnostic term Sub/luxation actually means:
    partial joint dislocation - less than complete dislocation
  57. 57. An Osteopathic Physician is represented by the Medical Abbreviation ____ and a Chiropractic Physician is represented by the Medical Abbreviation _______.
    DO and DC
  58. 58. The diagnostic term Hammer Toe means:
    the toe or toes of the foot are bent over or down - like a hammer
  59. 59. The term Examination means:
    the process or procedure of inspection
  60. 60. A Optometric Physician uses the Medical Abbreviation:
    OD
  61. 61. The term Anthropo/metr/ic means:
    refers to the measurement of humans
  62. 62. A bone process or eye membrane disease term that means resembling a wing is ________:
    pteryg/oid
  63. 63. Muscle terms for belly or abdomen are:
    abdominus or laparal
  64. 64. A muscle directional term for middle or toward the middle is:
    medi- or meso- "medium, medial, mesomorph"
  65. 65. A procedure of making a record of muscle activity is called:
    electro/myo/graph/y
  66. 66. The condition resulting in spasms of the nerves and muscles due to an abnormally low concentration of calcium in the blood is:
    tetany
  67. 67. The diagnostic term Anterior Polio/myel/itis means an:
    inflammation of the front gray horn of the spinal cord
  68. 68. The diagnostic term My/asthenia Gravis actually means:
    heavy because of muscle weakness
  69. 69. The diagnostic term Syn/dactylia means:
    fingers connected together
  70. 70. The diagnostic term Muscular Dys/trophy means:
    muscles that have faulty development; and wasting away of the muscles that did develop properly
  71. 71. The muscle or body term trauma means:
    wound
  72. 72. The muscle term ad/duct/or literally means:
    one who/draws/toward "medially"
  73. 73. The diagnostic term Pes Planus means:
    flat foot
  74. 74. The muscle term supinator means:
    turns upward - one who
  75. 75. The muscle term sphincter means:
    that which bind together
  76. 76. The machine that records muscle activity is called the:
    electromyo/graph
  77. 77. The “literal” meaning" of the diagnostic term Cardio/myo/path/y is:"
    heart/muscle/disease/condition