Author:
alyspins
ID:
78330
Filename:
hlth quiz 4
Updated:
2011-04-08 16:27:00
Tags:
medical terms diseases circulatory system
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Description:
circulatory system
Show Answers:

  1. 1. The upper chambers of the heart are called the:
    atria "means chamber"
  2. 2. The lower chambers of the heart are called the:
    ventricles "little belly"
  3. 3. The valve located between the left atrium and ventricle is the:
    bicuspid "mitral"
  4. 4. The Pace-Maker is found in the right atria and is also called the:
    S-A Node
  5. 5. The blood vessel that carries blood containing oxygen and nutrients away from the heart to the body tissues (except the lungs) is the:
    aorta
  6. 6. The combining forms angi/o- and vaso- all mean:
    vessel
  7. 7. The combining forms that mean "vein" are:
    ven/o- and phleb/o-
  8. 8. The combining forms that mean "chest" are:
    steth/o-, pectero-, and thoroco-
  9. 9. The combining forms that mean "sound" are:
    ech/o- and sono-
  10. 10. The suffix -graph in the term cardio/graph means:
    instrument used to record
  11. 11. The diagnosis of Angina Pectoris literally means __________. The actual meaning is lack of blood flow to the large heart vessels in the chest. vessel :
    "in" chest
  12. 12. The term that means separation or removal is:
    apheresis
  13. 13. The diagnostic term that means abnormal state of a slow heart rate is:
    bradycardia
  14. 14. The diagnostic term Aortic Stenosis means:
    narrowing of the aorta
  15. 15. The diagnostic term Coronary Isch/emia actually means:
    deficient supply of blood to the crowning blood vessels of the heart
  16. 16. The diagnostic term that means hardening of the arteries is:
    arterio/scler/o/sis
  17. 17. The “literal” meaning" of the diagnostic term Cardio/myo/path/y is:"
    heart/muscle/disease/condition
  18. 18. The inability of the heart to pump enough blood through the body to supply the tissues and organs is called:
    congestive heart failure
  19. 19. The diagnostic term Ar/rhythmia means:
    any variation from a normal heart rhythm or contraction
  20. 20. The diagnostic term used to refer to a dilated or varicose (twisted) internal and/or external vein in the rectum is:
    hemorrh/oid "blood/resembles"
  21. 21. The diagnostic term for the ballooning of a weakened portion of an arterial wall is:
    aneurysm
  22. 22. The diagnostic term that means rapid, quivering, non-coordinated contractions of the atria and/or ventricles is:
    fibrillation
  23. 23. The diagnostic term for distended or tortuous veins usually found in the lower extremities is:
    varicose veins "twisted appearance"
  24. 24. The diagnostic term Cardiac Arrest is defined as a(n):
    sudden cessation of cardiac output and effective circulation
  25. 25. The diagnostic term for a type of cancer characterized by an abnormal increase in white blood cells is:
    leuk/emia
  26. 26. The diagnostic term An/emia means:
    decrease in normal RBC numbers, iron, or hemoglobin levels
  27. 27. The surgical term for the incision into a vein to remove blood, to give blood, or to give intravenous fluids is:
    phleb/otomy
  28. 28. The surgical term Angi/o/rrhaphy means:
    suturing of a vessel or to repair a vessel
  29. 29. The surgical term Angioplasty means:
    surgical repair of a blood vessel
  30. 30. The surgical term for a procedure in which a balloon is passed through a blood vessel to the area in which plaque is formed is:
    percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
  31. 31. The surgical technique that brings a new blood supply to heart muscles by detouring around blocked athro/sclerotic coronary arteries is called a(n):
    coronary artery bypass
  32. 32. The procedural phrase "Complete Blood Count - CBC" is defined as:
    counting RBC, WBC, and Thrombocytes or Platelets
  33. 33. The procedural term for X-ray of the blood vessels after an injection of contrast medium dye is:
    angiograph/y
  34. 34. The procedure for making a record of the structure and motion of the heart using sound waves is called:
    echocardiography
  35. 35. A procedural bone marrow biopsy is referred to as:
    stern/al puncture
  36. 36. The Test that determines the time it takes for blood to form a clot is:
    coagulation time
  37. 37. The device or instrument that is used to measure arterial blood pressure (pulse pressure) by hand is a:
    sphygmo/mano/meter
  38. 38. The study that uses ultrasound to determine the velocity of the flow of blood within a vessel is:
    Doppler Flow Studies
  39. 39. The medical term Cardiology means:
    the science and study of the heart
  40. 40. The medical term that means body temperature below normal, 98.6 F., is:
    (Note: hypo-, sub-, and infra all can refer to less, below, or under) hypo/thermia "usually 78 to 90 degrees F."
  41. 41. The medical term that means removal of liquid from withdrawn blood is:
    plasm/apheresis "liquid blood/separation"
  42. 42. The term that means one who studies and treats diseases of the blood is:
    Hematolog/ist
  43. 43. The medical term Hemo/stasis (hemo/stat) literally means:
    stoppage of bleeding or diminished blood flow "circulation"
  44. 44. The medical term which means to puncture a vein in order to remove blood, instill medication, or start an intravenous infusion is:
    veni/pucture
  45. 45. The medical term for the hearing of sounds within the body through a stethoscope is:
    auscultation
  46. 46. Application of an electric shock to the myocardium through the chest wall to restore normal cardiac rhythm is called:
    de/fibrill/ation "process of quivering going away"
  47. 47. The medical term Sy/stole (together/contract) actually means:
    cardiac cycle phase where chambers contract raising blood pressure
  48. 48. The phase in the cardiac cycle in which chambers relax between contractions is called:
    dia/stole "relaxation of heart muscle"
  49. 49. Tapping of a body surface with the fingers to determine the density of the body part beneath is:
    percussion
  50. 50. The medical term for the phase in the cardiac cycle in which the ventricles contract is:
    systole
  51. 51. The suffixes that mean 'pain' are:
    -dynia and -algia
  52. 52. Cardiomyopathy is referred to as having a problem with _____________.
    the heart muscle pumping blood
  53. 53. The medical term Hyper/tension means:
    blood pressure that is above normal - "140/90 mm/Hg or higher above atmospheric pressure"
  54. 54. An Em/bol/ism literally means:
    state of a lump within
  55. 55. Poly/cyth/emia Vera (many/cells/blood: true) is the term for:
    Erythrocytosis "RBC increases cause strokes, heart attaches, & clots"
  56. 56. A Pulmonary Infarction (lung: to stuff into) actually means:
    lung blood flow blockage "ischemia is decreased flow"
  57. 57. The term _________________ refers to the lack of development of normal numbers of RBC's (Erythrocyte) in the blood.
    A/plastic An/emia "bone marrow not producing cells"
  58. 58. A Macro/phage is referred to as a:
    large eaters of foreign cells and materials
  59. 59. Hodgkin's Disease is a type of:
    Lymph/oma
  60. 60. Athero/sclerosis is a type of:
    Arteriosclerosis
  61. 61. Mitral Valve Prolapse (MVP) or Mitral Valve Incompetence (MVI) (valve between chambers on left side of the heart) is usually seen in:
    women or females
  62. 62. An Aortic Abdominal Aneurysm is the _____________ of the big blood vessel in the posterior belly that often ruptures and causes death by hem/orrhag/ing.
    ballooning "a widening"
  63. 63. A Varico/cele is the __________ of the veins in the scrotum (male pouch).
    twisting "feels like worms in sac"
  64. 64. The parasitic Protozoan Disease Trypano/som/iasis (carried by insects) is called Snail Fever, Chagas' Disease, Tsetse Fly Disease, America Fever or:
    Sleeping Sickness "African or American Sleeping Sickness"
  65. 65. Schisto/som/iasis in man is a type of a _____________ infestation.
    Split Bodied Blood Fluke Worm
  66. 66. A Phlebo/tom/ist is a person who specializes in cutting or puncturing _____ to take blood samples.
    veins
  67. 67. Coronary Thrombosis is also known as:
    Acute Myocardial Infarction or Myocardial Infarction
  68. 68. The most important longitudinal heart study in the world is being conducted in what American City since 1946:
    Framingham, Massachuset "little hill - Iroquois Indian Term"
  69. 69. The leading Cardiac Risk Factors are:
    smoking, obesity, lack of exercise, and hyper/cholesterol/emia
  70. 70. Tiny blood vessels in the back of the ________ are viewed with a Ophthalmo/scop/e to help diagnosis Arterio/sclerosis, Diabetes, Kidney Disease, and many other diseases.
    eye
  71. 71. A Stethoscope is placed over the heart valves to listen to the: all of the above
  72. 72. The Sickle Cell Anemia (Sickle Cell Trait "Gene") includes the:
    all of the above
  73. 73. The terms Crenation, Poikilocytosis, and Anisocytosis all refer to:
    cell shapes
  74. 74. The condition of Hodgkin's Disease could also be known as:
    Lymph Node Hyper/trophy Disease