1. The lymphoid tissues located behind the nasal cavity are called:
tonsils "small mass or almond"
2. Both food and air travel through the:
mouth and pharynx or throat
3. The double-sac membrane that covers each lung and lines the thoracic cavity is the:
4. The surgical term for the puncture of the chest cavity in order to aspirate fluid is called:
5. The medical term 'hypoxemia' means:
deficient oxygen in the blood
6. The area in the lungs where oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged is called the:
alveolus or cavity (alveolar sacs)
7. Pulmonary Endo/scop/y is best used to _____________ diseases of the Respiratory System.
view and diagnose
8. The term Ortho/dont/ist literally means:
9. The term Eu/pnea actually means:
well, easy, true, normal, or good breathing
10. The term Dys/phasia means difficult or faulty:
speech or utterance
11. The term Trache/os/tom/y actually means:
creation of an artificial mouth-like opening in the throat and neck
12. The suffix ___________ is added to word part Pneumono-/________ to refer to the surgical procedure of puncturing the lung and aspirating fluids like blood, pus, & lymph. This procedure promotes easy breathing and cell oxygenation.
13. The diagnostic term for pus in the pleural space in the chest is:
14. The diagnostic term for narrowing or contraction of the larynx or voice box is:
laryngospasm or laryngo/stenosis
15. A patient with diagnosis of blood in the chest has a:
16. The condition where the bronchi of the lungs are dilated outward is:
17. When lung tissue swells as a result of distention and loss of elasticity in the alveoli, the condition is called:
emphysema "puffed up"
18. The diagnostic abbreviation for an infection of the nose, pharynx, larynx, and trachea is:
upper respiratory infection "URI"
19. The diagnostic term that is also referred to as whooping cough is:
20. The diagnostic term for a chronic respiratory disease characterized by paroxysms of coughing, wheezing, panting with shortness of breath is:
asthma "to pant"
21. Pigeon Breeders Chest is different from Pigeon Chest in that the first condition is inherited or caused by Rickets (lack of Vitamin A and D), but the latter condition is caused by a(n) ______________ etiologic agent.
22. A term that refers to food inhalation that blocks the airway:
aspiration "process of/without/breath"
23. The term that means difficulty in speaking or making a sound is:
dys/phasic or dys/phonic
24. Lobar Pneumonia refers to a lung infection in:
one or more of the 5 lobes in the 2 lungs
25. The medical term Hypo/pnea actually means:
deficient rate and depth of breathing
26. The medical term that means containing both mucus and pus is:
27. The medical term Nebuliz/er is defined as:
a device "one who" creates a fine spray or mist
28. The medical term Chord/itis or Cord/itis actually means:
inflammation of the vocal cords
29. The medical term Emphysema literally means:
30. The medical term Asthma literally means:
31. Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is an inherited exocrine gland disorder that causes thick secretions of ________________ to accumulation in the lungs.
mucus and pus from respiratory infections
32. The medical term Dipther/ia literally means:
33. The medical term Pertussis actually refers to:
whooping cough and the bacteria Bordetella pertussis
34. The disease of Histoplasmosis or Darlings Disease is a _______________ infection caused by Histoplasma acapsulatum. Bird or cat feces is the source and the disease is characterized by fever, malaise, coughing, respiratory failure, and lymph/adeno/path/y. A major problem for pregnant women & her child.
fungus or fungus spore
35. Tuberculosis (worlds leading killer) is caused by a bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis and causes bacteria colony swellings (tubers) in the lungs and other body parts. TB infects approximately ___________ People.
2 Billion of the worlds 6 Billion
36. The Schick Skin Test is used to detect _______________, which is caused by the bacteria Corynebacterium diphtheriae.
37. The Mantoux Skin Test is used to diagnose: Tuberculosis "Mycobacterium tuberculosis rod-shaped bacteria"
38. Anthrax infections (Bacillus anthracis bacteria) are classified as infecting the:
all of the above
39. Bronchitis often progresses to a more severe lung condition called _____________________, which was the leading world killer around 1900 A.D.
40. The Etiologic Agent (E.A.) or causative agent that is responsible for Anthrax is:
41. An Upper Respiratory Infection is referred to with the Abbreviation:
42. Spiro/metry means to measure the breath and is used to evaluate:
43. The term Dys/lexia literally means difficult or faulty:
words "reading and writing"
44. The term Dys/phonia actually means difficult or faulty:
sound or voice "hoarseness"
45. The disease of Crypto/cocc/o/sis is a _______________that can infect the lungs, skin, brain (CNS), bones, and urinary tract causing death.
yeast-like budding fungus "no spores"
46. The disease of Aspergill/osis (to sprinkle/condition) is a soil or dust fungus that causes granular lesion on or in any body organ. Prognosis is poor like most systemic fungal infections. It is treated with:
47. The condition referred to as ________ is an acute viral infection that is usually seen in infants before 3 years of age (Y/O: years old). It occurs after an URI and causes vocal cord swelling, voice loss, hypoxia, & possible choking:
48. Pneumonia can be caused by:
all of the above
49. Emphysema causes shortness of breath and a(n):
Barreled Chest Look "Advanced Stages"
50. Influenza (Flu) (to influence) viruses are highly contagious airborne droplets that infect the respiratory tract for 2 to 7 (10) days. It is caused by a myxo/virus (mucus/poison). It usually kills over 20,000 people in this country each year. Symptoms include sore throat, cough, fever, muscular pains, and weakness. The incubation period is brief from ____ to ____ days.
1 to 3 days
51. Kerat/o/sis, Leuk/o/plakia, Tartar, Caries, Purpura, Fibr/oma, Ulcers, Hare Lip, Gingiv/itis, Tonsill/itis, Adenoid/itis, Squamous Cell Carcin/oma, Catarrh (Coryza), Cleft Palate, Thrush, and Candid/i/asis are all conditions that are usually diagnosed with a(n) ______ exam by a Dentist or Medical Doctor.