Author:
alyspins
ID:
78334
Filename:
hlth quiz 7
Updated:
2011-04-08 16:05:15
Tags:
medical terms diseases digestive
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Description:
digestive
Show Answers:

  1. 1. The 2nd portion (5' long) of small intestine that means to empty is the:
    jejunum
  2. 2. The organ that produces bile is the:
    liver
  3. 3. The lining of the structures in the abdominal and pelvic cavities is the:
    peritoneum "that which holds the lower organs"
  4. 4. The ring of muscles found in opening between stomach and duodenum is the:
    pyloric sphincter "gate keeper: that which binds together"
  5. 5. The tube that extends from the pharynx (throat) to the stomach and means gullet is the:
    eso/phagus "toward/eater"
  6. 6. The combining forms os-, or/o-, and stomato- all mean:
    mouth
  7. 7. "The combining form that means "small intestines” is:
    " enter/o- "usually refers to small intestine: Colo- big intestine"
  8. 8. The combining form that means "rectum (straight) and anus (ring)" is:
    proct/o-
  9. 9. The combining form for small growth is:
    polyp/o- "footed growth"
  10. 10. The diagnostic term that means inflammation of the stomach, intestines, and colon is:
    gastroenterocolitis
  11. 11. The diagnostic term that means abnormal condition of having diverticula (out-pouchings) in the colon is:
    diverticul/o/sis
  12. 12. The diagnostic term gingivitis means:
    inflammation of the gums
  13. 13. The diagnostic term chole/lith/iasis means:
    condition of gallstones
  14. 14. The diagnostic term that means prolapse of the rectum is:
    procto/ptosis
  15. 15. The diagnostic term gastro/enter/itis means:
    inflammation of the stomach and intestinal track. Also, the surgical opening is referred to as an iliostomy; and the incision is referred to as an iliotomy.
  16. 16. The diagnostic term for chronic inflammation of the small and/or large intestines, characterized by cobblestone ulcerations along the intestinal wall and the formation of scar tissue, is:
    Crohn's Disease
  17. 17. The diagnostic term for the abnormal growing together of two surfaces normally separated is:
    adhesion
  18. 18. The diagnostic term ulcerative colitis means:
    inflammation of the colon with sores
  19. 19. The diagnostic term for a psychoneurotic disorder characterized by prolonged refusal to eat is:
    anorexia nervosa
  20. 20. The diagnostic term for a chronic disease of the liver characterized by the gradual destruction of liver cells is:
    cirrhosis "yellow orange color produced"
  21. 21. The surgical term that means crushing a stone in the common bile duct is:
    choledocholith/otripsy
  22. 22. The surgical term cheil/orrhapy means:
    suture of the lips
  23. 23. The surgical term that means incision in to the abdominal wall is:
    lapar/otomy
  24. 24. The surgical term that means suture of the tongue is:
    glossorrhaphy
  25. 25. The procedural term for X-ray filming of the gallbladder is:
    chole/cysto/graphy
  26. 26. The procedural term that means visual examination of the rectum is:
    proctoscopy
  27. 27. The term Endoscopic Gastroscop/e is defined as a(n):
    instrument used for visual examination of the stomach
  28. 28. The procedural term meaning visual examination within a hollow organ is:
    endoscopy
  29. 29. The term Proctoscope means:
    instrument used for visual examination of the rectum
  30. 30. The procedural phrase for a barium enema with X-rays is:
    lower GI Series
  31. 31. The procedural term for a series of X-ray films taken of the stomach & duodenum after barium has been swallowed is: Upper GI Series
  32. 32. The medical term Brady/pepsia means: slow digestion
  33. 33. The medical term Dysphagia means: difficult swallowing or eating
  34. 34. The medical term a/pepsia means: without digestion
  35. 35. The medical term that means physician who specializes in proctology is: proctologist
  36. 36. The medical term gastro/dynia means:
    pain in the stomach
  37. 37. The medical term Peritoneal literally means:
    one who holds lower viscera "largest serous membrane in the body"
  38. 38. The term for abnormal collection of fluid in the peritoneal cavity is:
    ascites
  39. 39. The medical term that means washing out the stomach is:
    gastric lavage
  40. 40. The term Di/gest/ion literally means:
    the process of/two/separations
  41. 41. The physi/ology (science of function or nature) term Peristalsis literally means:
    to contract/around
  42. 42. The anatomical term Incis/or literally means:
    one who cuts in
  43. 43. The diagnostic term Stomat/itis means:
    inflammation of the mouth
  44. 44. The diagnostic term Pyloric Stenosis actually means:
    condition of narrowing the gate keeper
  45. 45. The anatomical term Gastric Rugae literally means:
    stomach folds
  46. 46. The diagnostic term Peptic Ulcer literally means:
    digestive : sore
  47. 47. Hepatitis A, B, and C are caused by a:
    virus
  48. 48. Hepatitis A is also known as:
    Infectious Hepatitis
  49. 49. Hepatitis B is also known as:
    Serum Hepatitis
  50. 50. Hepatitis "___" may be dormant in the body for years before the Signs and Symptoms appear.
    "C"
  51. 51. The diagnostic term Dental Caries literally means:
    refers to tooth cavities
  52. 52. The word parts dento- and donto- both mean:
    tooth
  53. 53. The diagnostic term Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease can also refer to:
    heart burn "GERD"
  54. 54. The diagnostic term Reflux literally means:
    to flow again "usually backward"
  55. 55. The diagnostic term Tartar refers to dental:
    plaque "hardened carbonates, phosphates, and organic matter"
  56. 56. The diagnostic term Coloscopy refers to viewing and examining the:
    large intestine
  57. 57. The diagnostic term Colo/scop/e literally means:
    instrument to view the big or large intestine
  58. 58. The diagnostic term Colo/scop/y literally means:
    procedure of viewing and examining the large intestine
  59. 59. The diagnostic term Diverticulosis actually means:
    condition of out pouching in the colons rugae or fold
  60. 60. The nutritional physiology term Bolus literally means:
    ball or lump
  61. 61. The nutritional physiology term Chyme literally means:
    juice
  62. 62. The inflammatory characteristics seen during a Upper GI Examination include:
    rubor, tumor, calor, and dolor "red, swelling, heat, pain"
  63. 63. The medical abbreviation for the Gastrointestinal System (mouth to anus):
    GI
  64. 64. The medical term Enema literally means:
    to inject
  65. 65. The diagnostic term Dys/phag/ia literally means:
    refers to difficult or faulty swallowing
  66. 66. The diagnostic term Dys/phonia actually means:
    refers to faulty speaking or speech - hoarseness
  67. 67. The diagnostic term "A/phasia" literally means:
    without speech
  68. 68. The diagnostic term Bulem/ia literally means ____________.
    refers to/hungry
  69. 69. The diagnostic term Anorexia Nervosa literally means: without appetite:
    caused by a "nervous" condition
  70. 70. The diagnostic term Hyper/cholesterol/emia is a blood condition with a cholesterol level above ____ mg per dcl (milligrams per deciliter) in a 20 Y/O.
    230
  71. 71. The diagnostic term Crohn's Disease is also known as:
    chronic regional ileitis
  72. 72. The diagnostic term Acute Appendicitis actually means:
    sudden inflammation of the appendage attached to the cecum
  73. 73. The diagnostic term Dys/entery literally means:
    faulty, difficult, and painful intestines
  74. 74. The anatomical word part colo- or colono- refers to the big intestine. The word part _______ can refer to the small intestine or both intestines.
    entero-
  75. 75. The alimentary (to nourish) canal is approximately _____ feet long in adults.
    30
  76. 76. The diagnostic term Abdominal Hernia refers to:
    a rupture or protrusion through the abdominal wall
  77. 77. The anatomical term Alimentary literally means:
    to nourish
  78. 78. The diagnostic term Amebic (Amoeba) Dysentery refers to:
    diarrhea and dehydration caused by the Amebic one cell organism
  79. 79. The physiological (function) importance of the digestive system is to:
    break foods down into small ingredients to nourish the body cells
  80. 80. The diagnostic term Beri/beri refers to ________________ and is caused by the lack of thiamine (part of B Complex: B-1) in the diet.
    body weakness "weakness/weakness"
  81. 81. The diagnostic term Pell/agra refers to _________ and is caused by the lack of niacin or niacinamide in the diet.
    skin/rough
  82. 82. The diagnostic term Scurvy literally means __________ and is the lack of Vitamin C in the diet.
    to scratch
  83. 83. The diagnostic term Fistula refers to a:
    pipe stem like tube or passageway
  84. 84. The diagnostic term Atresia refers to:
    closure of an opening - "anus, ear, vagina, eye, urethra, +"
  85. 85. The diagnostic term Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) refers to:
    painful intestines
  86. 86. The diagnostic reference of Differential Diagnosis (D.D.) refers to:
    determining the difference between 2 or more similar health problems
  87. 87. The diagnostic term Hiatal Hernia refers to:
    rupturing or protrusion of the stomach up through the diaphragm
  88. 88. The anatomical term Sphincter literally means:
    to bind together (Tighten)
  89. 89. The diagnostic term Pyloric Stenosis refers to the narrowing of the lower end of the _____________ and can lead to regular vomiting in infants.
    stomach
  90. 90. The diagnostic term Volvulus usually refers to _________of the ileum or the colon.
    twisting
  91. 91. Typhus literally means:
    stupor "near coma or deep sleep"
  92. 92. A Cysto/scopic Exam refers to 'looking at' the ________:
    urinary bladder inspection
  93. 93. Cholera is commonly referred to as _______________ . It can lead to dehydration, vomiting, muscle cramps, and death. It is caused by the bacteria Vibrio cholerae.
    super diarrhea