GRE C.txt

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GRE C.txt
2011-09-06 06:06:51

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  1. cabal
    small group of persons secretly united to promote their own interests
  2. cache
    hiding place; V.
  3. cacophonous
    discordant; inharmonious; N. cacophony: unpleasant mixture of loud sounds
  4. cadaver
    corpse; dead human body
  5. cadaverous
    like a corpse; pale
  6. cadence
    rhythmic rise and fall (of words or sounds); beat; regular beat of sound; rhythm
  7. cajole
    persuade by praise or false promise; coax; wheedle
  8. coax
    persuade by flattery
  9. calamity
    disaster; misery
  10. calculated
    deliberately planned; likely
  11. caldron(cauldron)
    large kettle
  12. caliber
    ability; quality; diameter of the inside of a round cylinder; Ex. work of very high caliber
  13. calligraphy
    beautiful writing; excellent penmanship
  14. callous
    hardened; unfeeling; without sympathy for the sufferings of others; unkind
  15. callus
    area of thick hard skin
  16. callow
    youthful; immature; inexperienced
  17. calorific
    heat-producing; N. calorie
  18. calumny
    malicious misrepresentation; slander
  19. camaraderie
    good-fellowship; CF. comrade
  20. cameo
    shell or jewel carved in relief; star's special appearance in a minor role in a film
  21. canard
    unfounded false rumor; exaggerated false report
  22. candor
    frankness; open honesty; ADJ. candid
  23. canine
    related to dogs; doglike
  24. canker
    any ulcerous sore; ulcer; any evil; CF. cancer
  25. ulcer
    sore place appearing on the skin inside or outside the body; Ex. stomach ulcer; ADJ. ulcerous; V. ulcerate
  26. canny
    shrewd in money matters; thrifty
  27. cant
    insincere speech or expression of piety; jargon of thieves; special words used by a particular group of people
  28. cantankerous
    ill-humored; irritable
  29. cantata
    story set to music to be sung by a chorus (shorter than an oratorio)
  30. canter
    slow gallop; V. CF. trot
  31. canto
    division of a long poem
  32. canvass
    determine or seek opinions
  33. capacious
  34. capacity
    mental or physical ability; role; position or duty; ability to accommodate; Ex. in my capacity as president
  35. capillary
    having a very fine bore; resembling a hair; fine and slender; Ex. capillary attraction; N: very fine hairlike tube; CF. capillarity
  36. capitulate
    surrender; give up all resistance
  37. caprice
    whim; sudden change of mind without any real cause
  38. capricious
    unpredictable; fickle
  39. caption
    title; chapter heading; text under illustration
  40. captious
    faultfinding; too critical
  41. carafe
    glass water bottle; decanter
  42. carapace
    shell covering the back (of a turtle
  43. carat(karat)
    unit of weight for precious stones; measure of the purity of gold
  44. carcinogenic
    causing cancer; N. carcinogen
  45. cardinal
    chief; most important; N: priest; cardinal number: number that shows quantity rather thatn order
  46. cardiologist
    doctor specializing in ailments of the heart
  47. careen
    lurch; sway from side to side; move with irregular swinging movement; stagger
  48. career
    rush wildly; go at full speed
  49. sway
    swing from side to side; influence (someone) to change one's opinion; N.
  50. caricature
    distortion; burlesque
  51. carillon
    a set of bells (often in a tower) capable of being played
  52. carnage
    destruction of life; slaughter; killing of large numbers of people or animals
  53. carnal
    fleshly; sensual; concerning the desires of the body
  54. carnivorous
    meat-eating; N. carnivore; CF. herbivore
  55. carousal
    drunken revel; V. carouse
  56. carping
    petty criticism; fault-finding; fretful complaining; quibble
  57. carrion
    rotting flesh of a dead body; CF. vulture
  58. cartographer
  59. cascade
    small waterfall
  60. caste
    one of the hereditary classes in Hindu society; social stratification; prestige
  61. castigation
    punishment; severe criticism or disapproval
  62. casualty
    serious or fatal accident; person killed or wounded in an accident or battle
  63. casual
    happening by chance; irregular; occasional; informal; showing or feeling little interest; Ex. casual reader/labor/remark
  64. cataclysm
    deluge; upheaval; earthquake; violent and sudden event or change
  65. catalyst
    agent which brings about a chemical change while it remains unaffected and unchanged; CF. catalysis
  66. catapult
    slingshot; hurling machine; V: fire from catapult
  67. hurl
    throw forcefully; shout out violently
  68. cataract
    great waterfall; eye abnormality (causing a gradual loss of eyesight)
  69. catastrophe
    calamity ; disaster
  70. catcall
    shout of disapproval or displeasure (made at the theater or a sports match); boo; V.
  71. catechism
    book for religious instruction in question-and-answer form; religious instruction by question and answer; V. catechize
  72. categorical
    without exceptions; made without any doubt in mind; unqualified; absolute
  73. qualify
    reach a necessary standard; limit the meaning of something stated
  74. catharsis
    purging or cleansing of any passage of the body; purging and weakening of strong emotions as a result of experiencing a dramatic work of art
  75. cathartic
    purgative; medicine that causes the bowels to empty; ADJ.
  76. catholic
    (of likings and interests) universal; general; broad; including many different parts; wide-ranging liberal; Ex. catholic opinions/tastes
  77. caucus
    private meeting of a group of people in a political party to select officers or determine policy; CF. the Caucus club of Boston
  78. caulk(calk)
    make watertight (by blocking up cracks as in a ship)
  79. causal
    implying a cause-and-effect relationship; N. causality
  80. caustic
    burning; corrosive; able to burn by chemical action; sarcastically biting; (of remarks) intended to hurt; bitter; harmful; OP. harmless
  81. cauterize
    burn (a wound or snakebite
  82. cavalcade
    procession of riders or horse-drawn carriages; parade; CF. cavalry
  83. cavalier
    casual and offhand; arrogant; N: knight
  84. cavil
    quibble; make frivolous objections; find fault unnecessarily
  85. cede
    yield (title or territory) to (esp. after losing a war); surrender formally; N. cession
  86. celerity
    speed; rapidity
  87. celestial
  88. hereafter
    life after death
  89. afterlife
    life after death; later part of one's life
  90. celibate
    abstaining from sexual intercourse; unmarried; N. celibacy
  91. censor
    (in ancient Rome) overseer of morals (also taking the census); person who eliminates inappropriate matter; V.
  92. censorious
    severely critical
  93. censure
    blame; criticize; express strong disapproval; N: severe criticism; strong disapproval
  94. centaur
    mythical figure
  95. centigrade
    denoting a widely used temperature scale (basically same as Celsius)
  96. centrifugal
    radiating; departing from the center
  97. centrifuge
    machine that separates substances by whirling them
  98. centripetal
    tending toward the center
  99. centurion
    Roman army officer (commanding a company of about 100 soldiers)
  100. cerebral
    pertaining to the brain or intellect; intellectual rather than emotional; CF. cerebrum
  101. cerebration
    thought; working of the brain
  102. ceremonious
    marked by formality; extremely formal and polite; CF. ceremony: conventional social courtesy
  103. unceremonious
    not done politely without due formalities
  104. certitude
  105. cessation
  106. cession
    yielding to another; ceding
  107. chafe
    warm by rubbing; make sore by rubbing; N.
  108. chaff
    worthless products of an endeavor; husk(outer seed cover) separated from grain; Ex. separate the wheat from the chaff
  109. chaffing
    bantering; joking
  110. chagrin
    annoyance and disappointment; vexation (caused by humiliation or injured pride)
  111. chalice
    goblet; consecrated cup
  112. chameleon
    lizard that changes color in different situations
  113. champion
    support militantly; fight for; N: person who fights for or supports strongly (a principle
  114. championship
    position of champion; defense or support; competition held to determine a champion
  115. chaotic
    in utter disorder
  116. charisma
    divine gift; great popular charm or appeal; magnetism
  117. charlatan
    quack; pretender to knowledge (esp. in medicine)
  118. chary
    cautious; unwilling to take risks; sparing or restrained about giving; OP. bold
  119. chase
    ornament a metal surface by indenting; follow rapidly to catch
  120. chasm
    abyss; very deep crack
  121. chassis
    framework and working parts of an automobile; framework to which components are attached
  122. chaste
    morally pure; virginal; abstaining from illicit sexual acts; modest; simple (of a style of writing); not highly decorated; austere
  123. chasten
    discipline; punish in order to correct; CF. castigate
  124. chastise
    punish as by beating; criticize severely
  125. chauvinist
    blindly devoted patriot; zealous adherent of a group
  126. check
    stop motion; curb or restrain
  127. checkered(chequered)
    marked by great changes in fortune; with many changes of fortuene; CF. checked: having a pattern of squares
  128. cherubic
    angelic; innocent-looking; N. cherub; CF. seraph: winged angel of the highest order
  129. chicanery
    trickery; deception
  130. chide
    scold; rebuke (someone who has done wrong)
  131. chimerical
    fantastically improbable; highly unrealistic; N. chimera: unreal fancy; fire-breathing female creature
  132. chisel
    swindle or cheat; N: wedgelike tool for cutting
  133. chip
    lose a small piece from the surface or edge; N: small piece broken off something; CF. French fry; Potato chip/crisp
  134. chivalrous
    courteous; faithful; brave; N. chivalry
  135. choleric
    hot-tempered; bad-tempered; irritable; easily angered; CF. cholera
  136. choreography
    art of representing dances in written symbols; arrangement of dances
  137. chore
    daily domestic task (such as cleaning
  138. chortle
    chuckle with delight; N.
  139. chuckle
    laugh quietly
  140. chronic
    long established as a disease
  141. chronicle
    report; record (in chronological order)
  142. churlish
    boorish; rude; N. churl: boor; yahoo
  143. ciliated
    having minute hairs; CF. cilium; CF. cilia: eyelash
  144. cipher
    nonentity; worthless person or thing; zero; secret code; V.
  145. circlet
    small ring; band of gold
  146. circuitous
  147. circuit
    closed circular line around an area; circumference; regularly repeated journey from place to place
  148. circumlocution
    indirect or roundabout expression (by using an uncecessarily large number of words esp. when trying to avoid answering a difficult question directly)
  149. circumscribe
    limit; confine; draw a line around
  150. circumspect
    prudent; cautious; acting after careful thought
  151. circumvent
    outwit; defeat by behaving more cleverly; outsmart; baffle; avoid; get around
  152. cistern
    reservoir or water tank
  153. citadel
  154. cite
    quote; commend; Ex. cited for bravery in an official record
  155. civil
    having to do with citizens; not military or religious; courteous and polite; Ex. married in a civil ceremony; Ex. civil strife/disorder/law; N. civility; CF. civic
  156. clairvoyant
    having foresight; fortuneteller; N. clairvoyance
  157. hindsight
    understanding the nature of an event after it has actually happened
  158. clamber
    climb by crawling with difficulties; scramble
  159. clamor
    loud continous noise; continuous demand or complaint made by a large number of people; V: make a clamor; express (a demand) continually and loudly; ADJ. clamorous
  160. clandestine
  161. chaperon
    older person who accompanies and supervises a young unmarried woman
  162. clangor
    loud resounding noise; sound of repeated clanging
  163. clapper
    striker (tongue) of a bell
  164. clap
    strike the palms of the hands together with a sudden explosive sound; come together suddenly with a sharp sound; put or send promptly; Ex. clap the thief in jail; N: clapping; loud or explosive sound; CF. applause
  165. clarion
  166. claustrophobia
    fear of being locked in
  167. clavicle
  168. scrimmage
    disorderly fight between two or more people
  169. cleave
    split or sever; cling to; remain faithful to; N. cleavage; ADJ. cloven
  170. cleft
    N: split
  171. clemency
    disposition to be lenient in deciding punishments; mildness as of the weather; ADJ. clement
  172. clich\'e
    phrase dulled in meaning by repetition; platitude; ADJ. clich\'ed
  173. bromide
    platitude; chemical compound used to calm excitement
  174. clientele
    body of customers
  175. climactic
    relating to the highest point; N. climax; CF. climatic
  176. clime
  177. clique
    small exclusive group of people
  178. cloister
    monastery or convent
  179. clout
    great influence (especially political or social); hard blow with fist
  180. cloying
    distasteful (because excessive); excessively sweet or sentimental; V. cloy: become unpleasant through too much sweetness or excess
  181. coagulate
    congeal; thicken; clot; N. coagulant
  182. clot
    half-solid lump formed from a liquid (or blood); V.
  183. pudding
    hot sweet dish
  184. coalesce
    combine; fuse; N. coalescence
  185. coalition
    partnership; league; union of separate political parties
  186. coda
    concluding section of a musical or literary composition
  187. coddle
    treat gently; indulge excessively; pamper; mollycoddle; baby; cook in water just below boiling point; Ex. coddled eggs
  188. codicil
    supplement to the body of a will; later addition to a will
  189. codify
    arrange (laws or rules) as a code; classify; N. code: system of words used instead of ordinary writing; collection of laws
  190. coercion
    use of force to get someone to object; compelling; V. coerce
  191. coeval
    living at the same time as; existing during the same period of time; contemporary; of the same age
  192. cog
    tooth projecting from a wheel
  193. cogent
  194. cogitate
    think over; ponder
  195. cognate
    having a common origin; related linguistically; allied by blood; similar or akin in nature; Ex. cognate languages; N.
  196. cognitive
    having to do with knowing or perceiving related to the mental processes; N. cognition: the mental process of knowing
  197. cognizance
    knowledge; ADJ. cognizant; having knowledge; aware
  198. cohabit
    live together
  199. cohere
    stick together
  200. cohesion
    tendency to keep together
  201. cohorts
    group of people who share some common quality; armed band; a group of between 300 and 600 soldiers under one commander (in the ancient Rome)
  202. coiffure
  203. coin
    make coins; invent or fabricate (a word or phrase); N. coinage: word or phrase recently invented
  204. coincidence
    the chance occurrence
  205. colander
    utensil with perforated bottom used for straining
  206. collaborate
    work together; cooperate treasonably with the enemy
  207. collage
    work of art put together from fragments
  208. scrap
    small bit or fragment; discarded waste material; fight; Ex. a scrap of paper/cloth; V: break into parts for disposal; discard as worthless; fight; quarrel
  209. scraps
    leftover food
  210. scrappy
  211. collate
    examine and compare in order to verify authenticity; arrange in order (the sheets of a book before they are bound)
  212. collateral
    security given for loan; ADJ: secondary; descended from the same person but through different sons or daughters
  213. collation
    a light meal; collating
  214. colloquial
    pertaining to conversational or common speech; informal; N. colloquialism: colloquial expression
  215. colloquy
    informal discussion; conversation
  216. collusion
    conspiring in a fraudulent scheme to cheat or deceive others; V. collude
  217. colossal
  218. colossus
    gigantic statue; person or thing of great size or importance
  219. comatose
    in a coma; extremely sleepy
  220. coma
    deep prolonged unconsciousness caused by disease
  221. combustible
    easily burned; N. CF. combustion
  222. comely
    attractive; agreeable; having a pleasing appearance
  223. homely
    not good-looking; unattractive
  224. comestible
    something fit to be eaten
  225. comeuppance
    deserts; well-deserved punishment or misfortune; rebuke
  226. deserts
    what someone deserves
  227. comity
    courtesy; civility; Ex. comity of nations
  228. commandeer
    take (private property) for military use without needing permission or giving payment; draft for military purposes
  229. draft
    first rough form; conscription; draught; V: make a draft of; conscript
  230. draught
    current of air (through a room or to a fire); act of pulling roads; act of swallowing liquid or amount of liquid swallowed at a time
  231. commemorative
    remembering; honoring the memory of; Ex. commemorative stamp
  232. commemorate
    honor the memory of; serve as a memorial to; Ex. commemorate the 100th anniversary/those who died in the war
  233. commensurate
    equal in extent; of the same size
  234. commiserate
    feel or express pity or sympathy for
  235. commodious
    spacious and comfortable
  236. communal
    held in common; public; of a group of people; of a commune
  237. commune
    small (often rural) community whose members share work and income; V: exchange thoughts or feelings; Ex. commune with nature
  238. compact
    agreement; contract; ADJ: tightly packed; firm; brief; concise; Ex. compact statement
  239. compatible
    harmonious; in harmony with; able to exist together
  240. compelling
    overpowering; irresistible in effect; holding one's attention; that compels one to do something; Ex. a compelling adventure story; V. compel
  241. compulsion
    compelling; strong desire that is difficult to control; irresistible impulse
  242. compulsory
    obligatory; that must be done
  243. compulsive
    resulting from compulsion
  244. compendium
  245. compensatory
    making up for; repaying
  246. compilation
    listing of information in tabular or book form; compiling
  247. compile
    assemble; gather; accumulate; make (a report or a book) from facts and information found in various places; Ex. compile a dictionary
  248. complacency
    self-satisfaction; smugness; ADJ. complacent
  249. smug
    self-satisfied; complacent
  250. complaisant
    trying to please; obliging; willing to please others
  251. complement
    complete; consummate; make perfect; N.
  252. complementary
    serving to complete something
  253. compliance
    conformity in fulfilling requirements; readiness to yield; disposition to yield to others; V. comply
  254. compliant
    readily acting in accordance with a rule
  255. complicity
    participation; involvement (in a questionable act or a crime)
  256. component
    element; ingredient
  257. comport
    bear one's self; behave; Ex. comport oneself; N. comportment
  258. deport
    send out of the country; behave; N. deportation
  259. bearing
    deportment; connection
  260. composure
    mental calmness
  261. compound
    combine; produce by combining; increase; make worse by adding to or increasing; exacerbate; Ex. compound an error; ADJ: consisting of two or more parts; N: combination of two or more parts; area enclosed by a wall containing a group of buildings; Ex. factory compound; CF. complex
  262. comprehensive
    broad; including a lot or everything; thorough; inclusive
  263. compress
    force into less space; squeeze; contract; put into fewer words; N: thick mass of cloth pressed to part of the body to stop bleeding or swelling
  264. comprise
    include; consist of
  265. compromise
    adjust or settle by making mutual concessions; endanger the interests or reputation of; put into danger
  266. compunction
    remorse; strong uneasiness caused by guilt
  267. compute
    reckon; calculate
  268. reckon
    count; calculate; regard as; think; suppose
  269. concatenate
    link as in a chain
  270. concave
    hollow; curved inwards; OP. convex
  271. concede
    admit; acknowledge as being true (often reluctantly); yield; grant; Ex. concede a goal
  272. conceit
    vanity or self-love; too high opinion of one's own value; extravagant metaphor (in poetry)
  273. vain
    full of self-admiration; conceited; without result; unsuccessful; N. vanity
  274. concentric
    having a common center
  275. conception
    beginning; forming of an idea; fertilization; V. conceive: form an idea in the mind; devise; become pregnant; CF. inception
  276. concerted
    mutually agreed on; done together by agreement; Ex. concerted effort; CF. in concert: working together
  277. concession
    an act of yielding; conceding; something conceded; point
  278. conciliatory
    reconciling; soothing; V. conciliate: reconcile; soothe; win the friendly feelings (by removing anger)
  279. concise
    brief and compact
  280. conclave
    private secret meeting
  281. conclusive
    decisive; ending all debate
  282. concoct
    prepare by mixing or combining; make up in concert; devise (something false) so as to deceive; Ex. concoct an elaborate excuse for being late; N. concoction
  283. concomitant
    that which accompanies; Ex. Deafnes is a frequent concommitant of old age; ADJ: existing or happening together with something else
  284. concord
    harmony; accord
  285. concordat
    formal agreement
  286. concur
    agree; coincide; happen at the same time
  287. concurrent
    happening at the same time; in agreement
  288. condescend
    (derog.) bestow courtesies with a superior air; descend to the level of one considered inferior
  289. condign
    adequate; (of punishment) severe and well deserved
  290. condiments
    seasonings; spices
  291. condole
    express condolences; N. condolence: sympathy for someone who has experienced great sorrow
  292. condone
    overlook; forgive; give tacit approval; excuse
  293. conducive
    helpful; contributive; V. conduce; Ex. conduce to/towards
  294. conduit
    aqueduct; passageway for fluids
  295. confidant(confidante)
    trusted friend (to whom one tells one's secret)
  296. confide
    tell in confidence (to a person one trusts); be confident about
  297. confidence
    self-assurance; calm unworried feeling based on a strong belief in one's abilities; strong belief in the ability of a person or plan; trust or faith in a person or thing; something confided; secret; Ex. confidence in your ability; Ex. I'm telling you this in confidence; Ex. exchange confidences about their boyfriends; ADJ. confident
  298. confidential
    spoken or written in secret; trusted with private matters; Ex. confidential secretary
  299. confine
    shut in an enclosed space; restrict; keep within limits; N. confinement
  300. confiscate
    seize; take possession of (private property) by official order (usu. as a punishment); commandeer
  301. conflagration
    great fire
  302. confluence
    flowing together; the place where two rivers flow together; crowd; gathering together
  303. conformity
    harmony; agreement with established rules or customs; similarity; Ex. behave in conformity with; V. conform: be similar; act in agreement; comply; Ex. conform to the rule; CF. conformance
  304. confound
    confuse; puzzle
  305. congeal
    freeze; coagulate
  306. congenial
    pleasant; friendly; in agreement with one's tastes and nature; Ex. congenial weather
  307. congenital
    existing at birth
  308. conglomeration
    mass of material sticking together
  309. conglomerate
    corporation made up of several different companies in diversified fields; mass of various material gathered together; rock consisting of small stones held together by clay; V.
  310. congruence
    correspondence of parts; harmonious relationship; CF. congruity
  311. congruent
    in agreement; harmonious; corresponding; coinciding exactly; CF. congruous
  312. conifer
    pine tree (usu. evergreen); cone-bearing tree; ADJ. coniferous; CF. deciduous; CF. evergreen
  313. conjecture
    surmise; guess; V.
  314. conjugal
    pertaining to marriage
  315. conjure
    cause to appear by magic; summon (a devil or a spirit) by magical power; practice magic (esp. by very quick movement of the hands); evoke; conjure up: bring into the mind; Ex. The magician conjured a rabbit out of his hat.
  316. connivance
    pretense of ignorance of something wrong; assistance; permission to offend; V. connive: feign ignorance (of a wrong); cooperate secretly in an illegal action; conspire
  317. connoisseur
    person competent to act as a judge of art
  318. connotation
    suggested or implied meaning of an expression; V. connote
  319. connubial
    pertaining to marriage or the matrimonial state
  320. matrimony
    state of being married
  321. patrimony
    property inherited from a father
  322. consanguinity
    kinship; relationship by birth
  323. consanguineous(consanguine)
    having a common ancestor
  324. conscientious
    scrupulous; through and careful; Ex. conscientious worker
  325. conscript
    draftee; person forced into military service; V.
  326. consecrate
    dedicate; sanctify; declare as sacred; Ex. consecrate one's life to helping the poor
  327. consensus
    general agreement; opinion reached by a group
  328. consequential
    self-important; significant; consequent; following as a result; Ex. consequential air; CF. subsequent
  329. conservatory(conservatoire)
    school of the fine arts (especially music or drama); glass-enclosed area; CF. conservancy
  330. consign
    send to a person or place for sale; deliver officially; entrust; put into the care of another; set apart (for a special purpose); N. consignment; CF. consignor
  331. consistency
    absence of contradictions; uniformity; degree of thickness or firmness; Ex. consistency of thick cream; CF. viscous
  332. console
    lessen sadness or disappointment; give comfort; allay the sorrow of; N. consolation
  333. consolidation
    unification; process of becoming firmer or stronger; V. consolidate: merge; strengthen
  334. consonance
    harmony; agreement
  335. consonant
    harmonious; in agreement; N.
  336. consort
    associate with; keep company; N: husband or wife (or a ruler)
  337. conspiracy
    treacherous plot; secret plan against the law (by two or more people)
  338. conspire
    take part in a conspiracy; (of events) work together; combine; Ex. Events conspired to produce great difficulties.
  339. consternation
    great shock; dismay
  340. constituent
    supporter; voter; member of a constituency; component
  341. constituency
    voters represented by an elected official; district so represented; group of supporters (or constituents)
  342. constitution
    constituting; system of laws; composition of something; physical makeup or structure of a person; Ex. men with strong constitutions
  343. constraint
    restraint; compulsion; repression of feelings; reticence; V. constrain: hold back; restrain; compel; oblige; confine forcibly; imprison
  344. construe
    explain; interpret; Ex. construe her silence as meaning that she agreed; CF. misconstrue
  345. consummate
    complete; V.
  346. contagion
    infection (by contact); ADJ. contagious; CF. infectious: that can be passed by infection in the air
  347. drastic
    strong; violent and severe; Ex. drastic changes/measures
  348. contaminate
  349. contempt
    scorn; disdain; ADJ. contemptuous; CF. contemptible
  350. contend
    struggle; compete; assert earnestly; state strongly
  351. contention
    assertion; claim; thesis; struggling; competition
  352. thesis
    opinion put forward and supported by reasoned arguments
  353. boost
    lift by pushing up from below; increase; raise; N: push upward; increase
  354. contentious
    quarrelsome; controversial; likely to cause arguments
  355. contest
    dispute; argue about the rightness of; compete for; try to win; Ex. contest the election results; Ex. contest a seat in Parliament; N.
  356. context
    writings preceding and following the passage quoted; circumstance in which an event occurs
  357. contiguous
    adjacent to; touching upon
  358. continence
    self-restraint; sexual chastity; sexual abstinence; voluntary control over bladder and bowel functions; ADJ. continent
  359. contingent
    dependent on something uncertain or in the future; conditional; happening by chance; accidental; N: a group of soldiers
  360. contortions
    twistings; distortions; V. contort: twist violently out of shape; CF. contortionist
  361. contraband
    illegal trade; smuggling; smuggled goods; ADJ.
  362. contravene
    contradict; oppose; violate (a rule
  363. contrite
    penitent; repentant; N. contrition
  364. contrived
    unnatural and forced; artificial; not spontaneous; Ex. The ending was rather contrived.
  365. contrive
    invent or fabricate in a clever way (by improvisation); manage; Ex. contrive to attract his attention
  366. contrivance
    something contrived; machine or apparatus; clever deceitful plan; scheme
  367. controvert
    oppose with arguments; attempt to refute; contradict; ADJ. controversial; N. controversy
  368. contumacious
    stubborn and disobedient; resisting authority (esp. disobedient to an order made by a court)
  369. contusion
  370. bruise
    injure without breaking the skin; N.
  371. conundrum
    riddle; difficult problem
  372. convene
    come together; assemble; call to meet; Ex. convene the council
  373. convention
    social or moral custom; established practice; formal meeting; international agreement
  374. conventional
    ordinary; typical; not nuclear; Ex. conventional weapons
  375. converge
    approach; tend to meet; come together
  376. conversant
    familiar with; having knowledge of
  377. converse
    opposite; ADJ.
  378. convert
    one who has adopted a different religion or opinion; V: change into another form; (persuade to) adopt a particular religion or belief
  379. convex
    curving outward
  380. conveyance
    vehicle; transfer; act of conveying; Ex. public conveyance
  381. conviction
    judgment that someone is guilty of a crime; strongly held belief
  382. convivial
    pleasantly merry; festive; joyous; gay; characterized by joviality; jovial
  383. convoke
    call together; Ex. convoke Parliament; N. convocation
  384. convoluted
    coiled around; twisted; involved; complicated; intricate; complex; N. convolution: twist; one of the convex folds of the surface of the brain
  385. convulsion
    violent uncontrollable shaking movement (caused by illness); V. convulse; ADJ. convulsive
  386. copious
  387. coquette
    flirt; flirtatious woman; woman who tries to attract the admiration of men without sincere feelings; V.
  388. flirt
    behave in a way that attracts (sexual) attention; deal triflingly with; N: one (or woman) given to flirting; ADJ. flirtatious
  389. cordial
    warmly friendly; gracious; heartfelt; Ex. cordial welcome
  390. cordon
    extended line of men or fortifications to prevent access or egress; (��� �ܵ�� ����� ��ġ��) ��� ����; V.
  391. cornice
    projecting molding on building (usually above columns or pillars); ó�� ���
  392. cornucopia
    horn (or horn-shaped container) overflowing with fruit and grain; symbol of abundance; horn of plenty
  393. corollary
    natural consequence (which naturally follows from something else)
  394. corporeal
    bodily (rather than spiritual); of a bodily form; material; tangible
  395. corpulent
    very fat; N. corpulence
  396. corpus
    collection (of writings or information); Ex. the corpus of Shakespear's works; Cf. corpse
  397. corpuscle
    red or white cell in the blood
  398. correlation
    mutual relationship
  399. correlate
    either of the correlated things; V.
  400. corroborate
    confirm; support; strengthen
  401. corrode
    destroy or wear away gradually by chemical action (over a long period)
  402. corrosive
    eating away by chemicals or disease; (of language) fierce
  403. corrugated
    wrinkled; ridged
  404. wrinkle
    small ridge on a smooth surface (face or cloth); V.
  405. crinkle
  406. cosmic
    pertaining to the universe; vast
  407. coterie
    group that meets socially; select circle; close group of people with shared interests
  408. countenance
    approve; support; tolerate; Ex. countenance his rude behavior; N: face; appearance
  409. countermand
    cancel; revoke (an order)
  410. counterpart
    thing that completes another; things very much alike; thing that has the same purpose in a different system
  411. coup
    highly successful action or sudden attack; coup(s) d'\'etat; CF. coup de gr\^ace: deathblow or shot which kills
  412. couple
    join; unite; OP. uncouple
  413. courier
  414. covenant
    binding agreement between two groups or people; compact; V: enter into a covenant; promise
  415. bargain
    agreement between two groups or people; something for sale at a price advantageous to the buyer; V: negotiate; trade; Ex. bargaining power
  416. covert
    secret; hidden; implied; OP. overt
  417. covetous
    avaricious; desirous of (someone else's possessions); V. covet: desire eagerly (someone else's possessions)
  418. cow
    terrorize; intimidate
  419. cower
    shrink quivering as from fear; cringe
  420. coy
    shy (flirtatiously); showing a (pretended) lack of self-confidence; modest; coquettish; CF. job offer�� �޾�� ��
  421. cozen
    cheat; hoodwink; swindle
  422. crabbed
    sour; bad-tempered; peevish; difficult to read as handwriting
  423. peevish
    bad-tempered; irritable; V. peeve: make angry
  424. crass
    very unrefined; grossly insensible; crude and undiscriminating; Ex. crass behavior
  425. craven
  426. credence
  427. credo
  428. credulity
    belief on slight evidence; gullibility; naivet\'e; ADJ. credulous
  429. creed
    system of religious or ethical belief
  430. crescendo
    increase in the volume or intensity as in a musical passage; climax; CF. crescent
  431. far-fetched
    too improbable to be believed; implausible; Ex. far-fetched story
  432. overture
    musical introduction to a long musical piece; first offer or proposal (to begin talks in the hope of reaching an agreement); Ex. overtures for peace
  433. crestfallen
    dejected; dispirited
  434. crest
    top (as of a hill or wave); showy feathers on the head of a bird
  435. crevice
    crack; fissure
  436. cringe
    shrink back as if in fear; cower
  437. criteria
    standards used in judging; CF. criterion
  438. crone
    hag; ugly old woman
  439. crotchety
    (of someone old) eccentric; odd; whimsical; bad-tempered; N. crotchet: odd or whimsical notion
  440. crux
    essential or main point; Ex. the crux of the problem; ADJ. crucial: of deciding importance
  441. crypt
    secret recess or vault usually used for burial; underground room (under a church)
  442. cryptic
    mysterious; hidden; secret
  443. cubicle
    small chamber used for sleeping or work
  444. compartment
    one of the parts into which an enclosed space is divided
  445. cuisine
    style of cooking; Ex. French cuisine
  446. culinary
    relating to cooking or kitchen
  447. cull
    pick out from others (to kill the weakest members); reject; select; collect (information); N.
  448. culmination
    highest point; climax; V. culminate in: reach the highest point in; end in; Ex. a series of minor clashes culminating in war
  449. culpable
    deserving blame; blameworthy
  450. culprit
    one guilty of a crime
  451. culvert
    artificial channel for water; drain crossing under a road
  452. cumbersome
    heavy and awkward to carry or wear; burdensome; Ex. cumbersome parcel/uniform
  453. cumulative
    growing by addition; accumulative
  454. cupidity
    greed (for wealth); CF. cupid; CF. Cupid
  455. curator
    superintendent; manager (in charge of a museum or a library)
  456. curmudgeon
  457. cursive
    (of writing) flowing; running; having the successive letters joined
  458. cursory
    casual; hastily done with little attention to detail
  459. curtail
    shorten; reduce
  460. cynical
    skeptical or distrustful of human motives; N. cynicism; CF. cynic: person who believes all people are motivated by selfishness
  461. cynosure
    object of general attention; person or thing that is a center of attention; CF. Ursa Minor