GRE P.txt

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  1. pachyderm
    thick-skinned animal
  2. pacifist
    one opposed to force; antimilitarist; ADJ. N. pacifism: opposition to war as a means of resolving disputes
  3. pacify
    soothe; make calm or quiet; subdue; bring peace to
  4. paean
    song of praise or joy; Ex. paeans celebrating the victory
  5. painstaking
    taking pains; showing hard work; taking great care; very careful and through
  6. palatable
    agreeable; pleasing to the taste
  7. palate
    roof of the mouth; sense of the taste
  8. palatial
    of or suitable for a palace; magnificent
  9. paleontology
    study of prehistoric life or fossils; CF. paleo-: ancient or prehistoric; Ex. paleography: study of ancient written documents
  10. palette
    board on which painter mixes pigments(coloring matters)
  11. palimpsest
    parchment or piece of writing material used for second time after original writing has been erased
  12. parchment
    writing material made from the skin of a sheep or goat
  13. pall
    become boring; grow tiresome
  14. pallet
    small poor bed; Ex. straw pallet
  15. palliate
    ease pain (without curing); make less severe or offensive (a crime or illness)
  16. pallid
    pale; wan; Ex. pallid complexion
  17. palpable
    tangible; (of something bad) easily perceptible; obvious; Ex. palpable blunder
  18. palpitate
    throb; beat rapidly; flutter; tremble; Ex. Her heart began to palpitate.
  19. throb
    (of a heart or machine) beat rapidly or violently; N. Ex. hearthrob: heartbeat; sweetheart
  20. paltry
    insignificant; petty; trifling; contemptible; Ex. paltry sum; CF. trash
  21. pan
    criticize harshly
  22. panacea
    cure-all; remedy for all diseases
  23. panache
    flair; manner of doing things without any difficulty (causing admiration); flamboyance; bunch of feathers (on a helmet); Ex. with great panache; CF. �� �Ʒ��� õ� ������ �ؾ�
  24. pandemic
    widespread; affecting the majority of people; N: pandemic disease; CF. all people
  25. pandemonium
    wild tumult(commotion); wild noisy disorder; CF. Paradise Lost
  26. pander
    cater to (the low desires of others)
  27. cater
    provide food and drink (for); cater to: try to satisfy (desires of a bad kind)
  28. panegyric
    formal praise; encomium; Ex. I don't deserve such panegyrics.
  29. panoramic
    denoting an unobstructed and comprehensive view; N. panorama: unbroken view of a wide area
  30. pantomime
    acting without dialogue; V.
  31. papyrus
    ancient paper made from stem of papyrus plant
  32. parable
    short simple story teaching a moral
  33. paradigm
    model; example that serves as a model; pattern; list of all the inflectional forms of a word
  34. paradox
    something apparently contradictory in nature (that may nonetheless be true); statement that looks false but is actually correct
  35. paragon
    model of perfection; Ex. paragon of virtue
  36. parallelism
    state of being parallel; similarity; analogy
  37. parallel
    similar; analogous; corresponding; N: parallel line; person or thing that is parallel (to another); similarity; Ex. know of no parallel to the case; Ex. without parallel; V: be similar to; make parallel; Ex. Your experience parallels mine; CF. unparalleled
  38. parameter
    limit; independent variable; Ex. parameters of the problem; Ex. within the parameters of the budget
  39. paramount
    foremost in importance; supreme; CF. para-: beyond; above; Ex. paranormal
  40. paramour
    illicit lover
  41. inamorata
    woman whom a man loves
  42. paranoia
    psychosis marked by delusions of grandeur or persecution; N: ADJ: paranoid
  43. paraphernalia
    equipment; odds and ends used in a particular activity; personal belongings; Ex. photographic paraphernalia; CF. married woman's property exclusive of her dowry
  44. dowry
    money or property brought by a bride to her husband at marriage
  45. paraphrase
    restate a passage in one's own words while retaining thought of author; N: restatement of a text in other words
  46. parasite
    animal or plant living on another; toady; sycophant; CF. para-: beside
  47. infest
    inhabit in numbers large enough to be harmful; Ex. Mice infested the house; Ex. shark-infested waters
  48. parched
    extremely dry; very thirsty; V. parch: make or become extremely dry (by exposure to heat)
  49. pariah
    social outcast; Ex. Mariah the pariah
  50. outcast
    one that has been excluded from a society; ADJ.
  51. parity
    equality; close resemblance; CF. disparate
  52. parlance
    language; manner of speaking; idiom; Ex. in legal/common parlance
  53. parley
    conference (between opponents); CF. speak
  54. parochial
    narrow in scope or outlook; provincial; related to parishes
  55. parish
    area in the care of a single priest and served by one main church
  56. outlook
    point of view; view from a particular place; expectation for the future; prospect; Ex. outlook on life; Ex. pleasing outlook; Ex. weather outlook
  57. parody
    humorous imitation; spoof; takeoff; travesty; V.
  58. spoof
  59. takeoff
    burlesque; act of leaving the ground
  60. paroxysm
    fit or attack of pain
  61. parquet
    floor made of wood strips inlaid in a mosaic like matter; CF. strip: long narrow piece
  62. parry
    ward off a blow; deflect; Ex. He parried the unwelcome question very skillfully; N. CF. ���´ٴ� ������ �ƴ�
  63. ward
    administrative division of a city; division in a hospital or prison; incompetent person placed under the protection of a guardian; V: guard; ward off: avert
  64. parsimony
    stinginess; excessive frugality; ADJ. parsimonious
  65. partial
    incomplete; favoring one side over another; having a liking for something
  66. partiality
    state of being partial; inclination; favorable bias; special fondness; preference
  67. partisan
    one-sided; prejudiced; committed to a party (with dislike of any others); N: strong supporter of a party; guerrilla
  68. parvenu
    upstart; newly rich person
  69. partition
    divide into parts
  70. pass\'e
    old-fashioned; past the prime
  71. passive
    not active; acted upon; receiving an action without acting in return; accepting without resistance
  72. pastiche
    imitation of another's style in musical composition or in writing; work of art openly imitating the works of other artists
  73. pastoral
    rural; of rural life; idyllic; of a pastor
  74. patent
    obvious; easily seen; open for the public to read; of or protected by a patent; Ex. patent to everyone; N.
  75. pathetic
    causing sadness
  76. touching
    causing a feeling of pity or sympathy; pathetic; V. touch: cause to feel pity or sympathy; ADJ. touched
  77. pathological
    pertaining to disease; N. pathology: study of disease
  78. pathos
    tender sorrow; pity; quality in art or literature that produces these feelings; Ex. pathos that runs through the novel
  79. patina
    green crust on old bronze works or copper; tone slowly taken by varnished painting
  80. varnish
    paint used to coat a surface with a glossy film; glossy coating produced by using this substance; Ex. nail varnish; V.
  81. patois
    local or provincial dialect
  82. patriarch
    father and ruler of a family or tribe
  83. patrician
    noble; aristocratic; N: person of high rank; aristocrat; CF. member of the governing classes in ancient Rome; CF. plebian
  84. patronize
    support; act superior toward; treat in a condescending manner; be a customer of; N. patron: one that supports; regular customer; N. patronage; CF. boycott
  85. paucity
    scarcity; dearth
  86. pauper
    very poor person
  87. peccadillo
    slight offense or fault; CF. sin
  88. swipe
    hit with a sweeping motion; N.
  89. pecuniary
    pertaining to money
  90. pedagogue
    teacher; CF. child leader
  91. pedagogy
    teaching; art of education
  92. pedant
    scholar who overemphasizes book learning
  93. pedantic
    bookish; showing off learning; marked by an excessive ostentatious concern for book learning; N. pedantry
  94. bookish
    fond of books and reading
  95. studious
    given to diligent study
  96. pedestrian
    ordinary; dull; unimaginative(lacking in imagination); going on foot; Ex. pedestrian prose; N.
  97. precinct
    division of a city for election or police purposes; precincts: space that surrounds a building; Ex. precincts of the college
  98. pedigree
    ancestry; lineage
  99. pediatrician
    physician specializing in children's diseases; N. pediatrics
  100. peerless
    having no equal; incomparable
  101. peer
    one who has equal standing with another; nobleman; V: look intently; N. peerage; CF. peeress
  102. pejorative
    (of a word or phrase) suggesting that someone is of little value; negative in connotation; having a belittling effect; Ex. Many women now considers ``housewife'' a pejorative expression
  103. pell-mell
    in confusion; disorderly; Ex. dash pell-mell
  104. pellucid
    transparent; limpid(crystal clear); clear in meaning; easy to understand
  105. penance
    self-imposed punishment for sin; Ex. do penance for one's sins; CF. penitent
  106. penchant
    strong inclination; strong liking (esp. for something that is disapproved of by other people); Ex. penchant for fast cars
  107. pendant(pendent)
    hanging down from something; pending; N: ornament (hanging from a necklace etc.)
  108. pending
    not yet decided or settled; impending; Ex. pending decision; PREP. while awaiting; until; Ex. delay the decision pending his return
  109. pendulous
    hanging; suspended
  110. suspend
    cause to stop for a period; interrupt; hold in abeyance; defer; hang from above; exclude for a period from a position; Ex. suspended state; Ex. suspend judgment; Ex. suspended from the team; N. suspension
  111. suspense
    state of being undecided; anxiety or apprehension resulting from uncertainty
  112. penitent
    repentant; N.
  113. pensive
    dreamily or deeply thoughtful; sadly thoughtful; thoughtful with a hint of sadness; contemplative; CF. think over
  114. penumbra
    partial shadow (in an eclipse); CF. almost shadow
  115. penury
    extreme poverty; stinginess; ADJ. penurious: very poor; stingy
  116. peon
    landless agricultural worker; bond servant; menial worker; N. peonage
  117. perceptive
    insightful; showing a good ability at perceiving and understanding; aware; wise; of perception
  118. percussion
    striking one object against another sharply; Ex. percussion instrument; N: striking together of two bodies; sound caused by percussion
  119. perdition
    damnation; complete ruin; hell
  120. damn
    condemn; criticize severely; condemn to everlasting punishment; doom; bring to ruin; N. damnation
  121. doom
    condemnation to a severe penalty; ruin; fate (esp. a tragic or ruinous one); V.
  122. peregrination
    journey; V. peregrinate
  123. peremptory
    demanding and leaving no choice; imperative; Ex. peremptory decree/knock
  124. perennial
    something long-lasting; perennial plant; ADJ: lasting through the year or many years; lasting for a long time; enduring
  125. perfidious
    treacherous; disloyal; N. perfidy: treachery
  126. perforate
    pierce; put a hole through
  127. perfunctory
    done routinely and with little care; superficial; not thorough; lacking interest
  128. perigee
    point of moon's orbit when it is nearest the earth; CF. apogee
  129. perimeter
    outer boundary; length of the outer boundary; circumference
  130. bound
    leap or spring; limit or confine; constitute the limit of; Ex. bounded by Canada; N: leap or jumping; boundary; ADJ: certain; having a duty to do something (legally or morally); confined by bonds; Ex. We are bound to be late; Ex. I am bound to say my opinion; CF. bounce
  131. peripatetic
    walking about from place to place (to work); moving; Ex. peripatetic school of philosophy
  132. peripheral
    of a periphery; marginal; outer; of minor importance; not central; Ex. peripheral nerve/interest
  133. periphery
    outside edge especially of a round surface; perimeter; Ex. periphery of the town
  134. perjury
    false testimony while under oath; V. perjure oneself: testify falsely under oath
  135. permeable
    that can be permeated; penetrable; porous; allowing liquids or gas to pass through; V. permeate: spread or flow throughout; charge
  136. pernicious
    very harmful; deadly; very destructive; Ex. pernicious effect/anemia
  137. peroration
    conclusion of an oration; perorating; V. perorate: conclude a speech; speak at great length
  138. perpetrate
    commit an offense; do (something wrong)
  139. perpetual
  140. perpetuate
    make perpetual; make something last for a long time; preserve from extinction; N. perpetuity
  141. perquisite(perk)
    any gain above stipulated salary; Ex. perquisites such as free meals and a car
  142. personable
    attractive (in personality or appearance)
  143. perspicacious
    (of someone) having insight; penetrating; astute
  144. perspicuity
    clearness of expression; freedom from ambiguity
  145. perspicuous
    (of something) plainly expressed; easy to understand; Ex. perspicuous comments
  146. pert
    (esp. of a girl or young woman) impertinent; forward; trim; jaunty; Ex. pert young miss/hat
  147. forward
    presumptuous or bold
  148. pertinacious
    holding tenaciously to an action; stubborn; persistent
  149. pertinent
    suitable; to the point; relevant
  150. perturb
    disturb greatly
  151. peruse
    read through with care; N. perusal
  152. pervasive
    spread throughout; V. pervade: (of smells
  153. perverse
    purposely continuing to do something wrong; stubbornly wrongheaded; perverted; directed away from what is right; wicked and unacceptable; Ex. perverse satisfaction; Ex. Hannibal Lecter in a perverse mood; N. perversity
  154. perversion
    corruption; turning from right to wrong
  155. pervert
    corrupt; turn from right to wrong; misuse; Ex. perverted sexual desire/scientific knowledge; N: person whose sexual behavior is not natural
  156. wrongheaded
    stubbornly wrong
  157. pessimism
    belief that life is basically bad or evil; gloominess; tendency to take the gloomiest possible view of a situation; ADJ. pessimistic
  158. pestilential(pestilent)
    causing plague; tending to cause death; baneful; N. pestilence: fatal epidemic disease (esp. bubonic plague)
  159. pestle
    tool for mashing or grinding substances in a hard bowl or mortar
  160. mortar
    vessel in which substances are crushed with a pestle
  161. mash
    crush into mash; convert into mash; N: mixture of ground grain and nutrients fed to livestock and fowl
  162. petrify
    turn to stone; cause to become stonelike; stun or paralyze
  163. petty
    trivial; unimportant; very small; small-minded; petty-minded
  164. petulant
    touchy; peevish; ill-tempered
  165. phalanx
    formation of infantry carrying overlapping shields and long spears; group of men packed together (for attack or defense)
  166. pharisaical
    pertaining to the Pharisees
  167. pharisee
    Pharisee: member of an ancient Jewish group that emphasized strict observance of the Mosaic law (considering themselves very holy); hypocritical self-righteous person
  168. self-righteous
    sure of one's own righteousness; moralistic
  169. phenomena
    observable facts; subjects of scientific investigation; SG. phenomenon: observable fact; very unusual person
  170. philanderer
    faithless lover; flirt
  171. philanthropist
    lover of mankind; doer of good; N. philanthropy
  172. philatelist
    stamp-collector; N. philately: stamp collecting
  173. philistine
    narrow-minded person
  174. philology
    study of language or words
  175. phlegmatic
    calm and unexcitable; not easily disturbed; CF. phlegm: sticky mucus produced in the respiratory tract
  176. phobia
    morbid fear
  177. phoenix
    symbol of immortality or rebirth; Ex. phoenix rising from its ashes
  178. phylum
    major classification
  179. physiognomy
    face (as showing the character and the mind); art of judging human character from facial features
  180. physiological
    pertaining to the science of the function of living organisms; N. physiology
  181. piebald
    of different colors; mottled; spotted in different colors (esp. in black and white); Ex. piebald horse; CF. pie+bald
  182. piecemeal
    one part at a time; gradually; in stages; Ex. read a novel piecemeal
  183. pied
    piebald; variegated(many-colored); multicolored
  184. piety
    devoutness; reverence for God; ADJ. pious
  185. pigment
    coloring matter (usually powder to be mixed with water or oil)
  186. pillage
  187. pillory
    punish by placing in a wooden frame or pillory; subject or expose to criticism and ridicule; N.
  188. pine
    long for; yearn; languish from longing or grief; decline
  189. pinion
    restrain or immobilize by binding the wings or legs; N: bird's wing
  190. pinnacle
    peak; highest point; acme; Ex. pinnacle of fame
  191. pious
    devout; religious; N. piety
  192. piquant
    pleasantly tart-tasting; spicy; pleasantly stimulating; Ex. piquant situation when my old enemy asked for my help
  193. tart
    sharp to the taste; acid-tasting; caustic; sarcastic; Ex. tart apple/reply
  194. sour
    having a sharp or acid taste; acid; tart; bad-tempered; V.
  195. pique
    irritation; resentment from wounded pride (eg. loss in a contest); V: provoke; arouse; annoy; cause to feel resentment; Ex. pique her curiosity
  196. piscatorial
    pertaining to fishing; CF. Pisces
  197. pitfall
    hidden danger; concealed trap
  198. beware
    be cautious (of)
  199. pith
    core or marrow; spongelike substance in the center of stems; essence; substance
  200. marrow
    soft fatty tissue that fills most bone cavities and is the source of blood cells
  201. pithy
    concise and meaningful; substantial; meaty
  202. pittance
    small amount (of money); small allowance or wage
  203. pivotal
    of a pivot; central; critical; crucial
  204. placate
    pacify; bring peace to; conciliate; appease
  205. placebo
    harmless substance prescribed as a dummy pill
  206. tablet
    small round piece of medicine; flat piece of stone or metal bearing an inscription; Ex. stone tablet on the wall
  207. placid
    peaceful; calm; Ex. placid child/lake
  208. plagiarize
    steal another's ideas or writings and pass them off as one's own; Ex. ideas plagiarized from my article; N. plagiarism; CF. kidnap
  209. plaintive
    expressing sorrow; mournful; Ex. plaintive song
  210. plait
    braid; interwine; interweave strands or lengths of; make by weaving strands together; Ex. plaited hair; N: braided length as of hair o fabric; CF. pigtail
  211. plasticity
    ability to be molded; ADJ. plastic: capable of being shaped or molded; Ex. plastic material such as clay
  212. platitude
    trite remark; commonplace statement; ADJ. platitudinous
  213. commonplace
    ordinary; N: something ordinary or common; trite remark
  214. commonwealth
    nation governed by the people; republic; people of a nation
  215. platonic
    purely spiritual; theoretical; without sensual desire
  216. plaudit
    praise; enthusiastic approval; round(succession or series) of applause; ADJ. plauditory; CF. applaud
  217. plausible
    conceivably true; having a show of truth but open to doubt; specious
  218. plebeian
    common; vulgar; pertaining to the common people; N: common people in ancient Rome; CF. patrician
  219. plebiscite
    direct vote by the entire electorate (on an important issue)
  220. referendum
    direct vote by all the people
  221. plenary
    (of power) complete; full; fully attended by all qualified members; Ex. plenary power
  222. plenitude
    abundance; plenty; great amount; completeness; fullness; CF. plenary
  223. plethora
    excess; overabundance; Ex. a plethora of excuses
  224. pliable
    flexible; easily influenced; yielding; adaptable
  225. pliant
    flexible; easily influenced
  226. plight
    difficult condition; condition or state (esp. a bad state or condition); predicament
  227. pluck
    courage; V: pull off or out; pull out the hair or feathers of; ADJ. plucky: courageous; brave
  228. plumage
    feathers of a bird;
  229. plumb
    exactly vertical; N: weight on the end of a line; V: examine very carefully or critically in order to understand; measure depth (by sounding); Ex. plumb the depth of
  230. plumber
    one who installs and repairs pipes and plumbing(pipes)
  231. plummet
    fall sharply; fall straight down; Ex. Stock prices plummeted.
  232. plutocracy
    society ruled by the wealthy
  233. podiatrist
    doctor who treats ailments of the feet; chiropodist; N. podiatrics
  234. podium
    pedestal; raised platform
  235. pedestal
    support or base as for a pillar or statue
  236. poignancy
    quality of being deeply moving; keenness of emotion; ADJ. poignant: touching; deeply moving; (of sorrow
  237. polarize
    split into opposite extremes or camps
  238. polarity
    state of having two opposite qualities
  239. polar
    of a pole; characterized by opposite extremes; Ex. polar opposites
  240. camp
    group sharing a common cause or opinion
  241. polemic
    attack or defense of an opinion; controversy or refutation; argument in support of point of view; N. polemics: art of debate or controversy
  242. polemical(polemic)
    aggressive in verbal attack; disputatious (rather than simply expressing opinions)
  243. politic
    prudent; judicious; well judged; expedient; well devised
  244. polity
    (particular form of) political organization; form of government of nation or state; Ex. student polity
  245. polygamist
    one who has more than one spouse at a time; CF. bigamy; CF. polyandry
  246. polyglot
    speaking several languages; multilingual; Ex. polyglot person/society; N.
  247. pomposity
    self-important behavior; acting like a stuffed shirt(pompous person); ADJ. pompous: self-important
  248. ponderous
    having great weight; weighty; unwieldy; lacking lightness; dull; Ex. ponderous body/style of writing
  249. pontifical
    pertaining to a bishop or pope; pompous or pretentious; CF. pontiff: pope; bishop
  250. pore
    study industriously; ponder; scrutinize; Ex. pore over the book; N.
  251. porous
    full of pores; like a sieve
  252. interstice
    narrow space between things
  253. portend
    foretell; presage; be a sign or warning of; N. portent: sign; omen; forewarning
  254. soothsayer
    one who foretells the future
  255. portly
    stout; corpulent
  256. stout
    rather fat; strong in body; sturdy; resolute; determined; strong in determination; Ex. stout stick/supporter
  257. poseur
    person who pretends to be sophisticated
  258. pose
    assume a particular posture; put forward; present; affect a particular attitude (to impress others); Ex. pose a threat; N.
  259. posterity
    descendants; future generations; Ex. go down to posterity; CF. posterior
  260. posthumous
    after death (as of child born after father's death or book published after author's death); coming or occurring after one's death; Ex. posthumous fame/novel
  261. postmortem
    autopsy; ADJ: occurring after death; of a postmortem
  262. postulate
    self-evident truth; something assumed without proof; V: assume the truth of (as a basis of an argument)
  263. posture
    assume an affected pose; act artificially; N: pose; attitude
  264. potable
    suitable for drinking; drinkable
  265. potent
    powerful; convincing; persuasive; greatly influential
  266. potentate
    monarch; sovereign
  267. potential
    expressing possibility; latent; N: capacity for growth
  268. potion
    dose (of liquids); liquid dose
  269. potpourri
    heterogeneous mixture; medley; mixture of dried flower petals a pot (to give a pleasant smell to a room)
  270. poultice
    soothing application applied to sore and inflamed portions of the body
  271. practicable
  272. practical
    based on experience; of or acquired through practice (rather than theory); useful; Ex. practical man
  273. pragmatic
    practical (as opposed to idealistic); concerned with practical worth or impact of something; Ex. pragmatic test of the skill
  274. pragmatist
    practical person; N. pragmatism: pragmatic way of dealing with things
  275. prance
    move about in a spirited manner (proudly and confidently)
  276. prate
    talk idly; speak foolishly; boast idly
  277. prattle
    talk idly; babble; N. CF. prate
  278. idle
    not working; not employed or busy; lazy; without purpose; useless; lacking substance; baseless; not based on truth; Ex. idle worker; Ex. talk idly; V.
  279. preamble
    introductory statement
  280. precarious
    unsafe; lacking in stability; uncertain; risky; Ex. precarious living
  281. precedent
    something preceding in time which may be used as an authority or guide for future action; V. precede; CF. unprecedented
  282. precedent
    preceding (in time
  283. precept
    practical rule guiding conduct; Ex. mother's precept
  284. precipice
    cliff; dangerous position; Ex. on the edge of the precipice
  285. brink
    edge (at the top of a cliff); Ex. on the brink of the Grand Canyon
  286. precipitant
    something that causes a substance in a chemical solution to separate out in solid form; ħ���; OP. solvent
  287. precipitate
    hurl downward; throw headlong; hasten; cause to happen sooner; condense and fall as rain or snow; cause (a solid substance) to be separated from a solution; ADJ. hasty; rash; premature; sudden
  288. precipitous
    steep; overhasty; precipitate
  289. pr\'ecis
    abstract; concise summing up of main points; concise summary of a text
  290. precise
  291. preclude
    make impossible; prevent; exclude; eliminate
  292. precocious
    advanced in development; N. precocity
  293. precursor
    forerunner; predecessor
  294. predator
    predatory animal or bird; predatory person; creature that seizes and devours another animal; person who robs or exploits others; ADJ. predatory: living by preying on other organisms; plundering; N. predation
  295. predecessor
    former occupant of a post
  296. predetermine
    determine in advance; predestine; settle or decide beforehand; influence markedly
  297. predicament
    difficult situation; tricky or dangerous situation; dilemma
  298. predilection
    preference; partiality
  299. predispose
    give an inclination toward (in advance); make susceptible to; Ex. predispose people to certain cancer; N. predisposition
  300. preeminent
    outstanding; superior
  301. preempt
    prevent in advance; head off(forestall); forestall by acting first; appropriate for oneself before others; supplant; take the place of; displace; Ex. preempt any attempts; ADJ. preemptive
  302. preen
    make oneself tidy in appearance; feel self-satisfaction or pride; (of a bird) smooth or clean (feathers) with the beak; Ex. preen oneself on; CF. prune
  303. prefatory
    introductory; of a preface
  304. prehensile
    capable of grasping or holding (esp. by wrapping around); Ex. prehensile tails
  305. prelate
    church dignitary; priest of high position in the church (esp. bishop)
  306. prelude
    introduction; introductory performance or event; forerunner
  307. premeditate
    plan in advance; Ex. premeditated murder
  308. premise
    assumption; postulate; proposition upon which an argument is based
  309. premonition
    forewarning; presentiment; foreboding
  310. premonitory
    serving to warn
  311. preponderance
    superiority of power
  312. preposterous
    absurd; completely unreasonable; ridiculous
  313. prerogative
    privilege; unquestionable right; CF. ask before
  314. presage
    foretell; be a warning or sign of; N: presentiment; foreboding; omen
  315. prescience
    ability to foretell the future; knowledge of actions before they occur; ADJ. prescient
  316. presentiment
    premonition; foreboding; feeling something will happen; anticipatory fear
  317. prestige
    respect or admiration; impression produced by achievements or reputation; ADJ: causing admiration; ADJ. prestigious: having prestige
  318. presumptuous
    going beyond what is right; excessively forward; arrogant; taking liberties
  319. presume
    take for granted; assume; act overconfidently; take liberties; presume on/upon: take unfair advantage of (someone's kindness or connection); N. presumption
  320. pretentious
    ostentatious; showy; pompous; making unjustified claims; overambitious; Ex. pretentious films that claim to be art
  321. pretend
    feign; pretend to: claim to possess; make pretensions to; Ex. I don't pretend to much expertise; N. pretense
  322. pretension
    pretentiousness; claim (without foundation); Ex. I make no pretensions to skill as an artist.
  323. preternatural
    beyond what is normal in nature; supernatural; Ex. preternatural strength/forces
  324. pretext
  325. prevail
    be widespread; triumph over; gain victory; prevail on: persuade; induce; Ex. Justice has prevailed; Ex. prevail on someone to do something
  326. prevalent
    widespread; generally accepted
  327. prevaricate
    lie; hide the truth (by equivocating)
  328. prey
    target of a hunt; victim; V: hunt and eat as prey; victimize; Ex. Cats prey on mice.
  329. prim
    proper to the point of affectation; very precise and formal; exceedingly proper
  330. primogeniture
    seniority by birth; state of being the first-born child; right of the eldest child (to inherit the entire property of one or both parents)
  331. primordial
    existing at the beginning (of time); rudimentary
  332. primp
    groom oneself with care; adorn oneself
  333. pristine
    unspoiled; remaining in a pure state; characteristic of earlier times; primitive; Ex. an old book in pristine condition
  334. privation
    lack of the basic necessities or comforts of life; hardship; want; CF. deprive
  335. privy
    secret; hidden; not public; made a participant in something secret; Ex. privy chamber government; Ex. be privy to a discussion; CF. private
  336. probe
    explore with a probe or tools; investigate; N: slender instrument used to explore a wound or body cavity; device designed to investigate an unknown region; thorough investigation; Ex. space probe
  337. probity
    uprightness; honesty; incorruptibility
  338. defalcate
  339. problematic
    causing a problem; open to doubt; doubtful; unsettled; questionable; Ex. Whether the arena will ever be completed is problematic.
  340. proclivity
    inclination; natural tendency (esp. towards something bad)
  341. procrastinate
    postpone; delay or put off
  342. procurement
    obtaining; V. procure: obtain by effort; obtain (a prostitute) for another
  343. prod
    poke (with a pointed object); stir up; urge; goad to action; N: pointed object used to prod; prodding
  344. prodigal
    wasteful; reckless with money; profuse; Ex. a mind prodigal of ideas; N. prodigality
  345. prodigious
    enormous; marvelous; extraordinary; Ex. prodigious amount/memory
  346. prodigy
    highly gifted child; person with exceptional talents; marvel; wonder
  347. profane
    violate; desecrate (something holy); treat unworthily; be profane for; ADJ: secular; nonreligious; irreverent for holy things
  348. profligate
    wasteful (of money); dissipated; wildly immoral; dissolute; N: profligate person; N. profligacy
  349. profound
    deep; not superficial; complete; Ex. profound thinker/remark/silence/deafness; N. profundity
  350. profusion
    great amount; plenty; overabundance; excess; lavish expenditure; Ex. profusion of choices; ADJ. profuse: plentiful; copious; giving or given abundantly; extravagant
  351. progenitor
  352. progeny
    children; offspring; descendants
  353. prognosis
    forecasted course of a disease; prediction; CF. prognostic
  354. prognosticate
    predict (according to present indications)
  355. prohibitive
    so high as to prohibit purchase or use; tending to prevent the purchase or use of something; prohibiting; inclined to prevent or forbid; Ex. prohibitive tax
  356. projectile
    missile; fired or thrown object (such as stone or bullet)
  357. proletarian
    member of the working class; blue collar guy; N. proletariat: working class (who have to work for wages)
  358. proliferate
    grow rapidly (in numbers); spread; multiply; N. proliferation
  359. prolific
    producing offspring or fruit in abundance; fertile; fecund; abundantly fruitful; producing abundant works; Ex. prolific writer
  360. prolixity
    tedious wordiness; verbosity; ADJ. prolix: wordy; verbose; diffuse
  361. prologue
    introduction (to a poem or play)
  362. feud
    bitter prolonged quarrel (usually between two peoples or families); V. CF. Romeo and Juliet; CF. feudal
  363. prolong
    lengthen; extend; draw out
  364. prominent
    protruding(sticking out); conspicuous; notable; eminent
  365. promiscuous
    mixed indiscriminately; indiscriminate; not choosing carefully; indiscriminate in the choice of sexual partners; irregular
  366. promontory
  367. promote
    advance in rank; advance; help to flourish; advocate; help actively in forming; publicize or popularize; Ex. Milk promotes health; Ex. promote a match/bill; Ex. promote a new product
  368. prompt
    cause; urge; provoke; provide a cue (for an actor); ADJ: done without delay; done at the right time; punctual; on time; N: reminder or cue
  369. cue
    word or signal (as in a play to prompt another actor's speech or entrance); reminder or hint; V: give a cue to
  370. promulgate
    announce; proclaim a doctrine or law; make known by official publication
  371. prone
    inclined to; likely to (suffer); prostrate; lying with the front downward; Ex. prone to disease/make mistakes; Ex. accident-prone
  372. propagate
    increase in number by producing young; multiply; spread; Ex. Most plants propagate by seed; Ex. newspaper propagating their ideas
  373. propellant(propellent)
    substance which propels or drives forward (such as an explosive charge or a rocket fuel)
  374. propensity
    natural inclination
  375. prophetic
    of a prophet or prophecy; having to do with predicting the future; N. prophecy; V. prophesy; N. prophet
  376. prophylactic
    used to prevent disease; N: something prophylactic; condom; N. prophylaxis: prevention of disease
  377. propinquity
    nearness (in space or relationship); proximity; kinship
  378. propitiate
    appease; conciliate; make peaceful; ADJ. propitiatory
  379. propitious
    favorable; auspicious; advantageous; fortunate; Ex. propitious day/sign
  380. horoscope
    diagram of the positions of stars at a given moment (eg. of a person's birth) used by astrologers
  381. proponent
    supporter; backer; opposite of opponent
  382. propound
    put forth for consideration or analysis; set forth; Ex. propound a problem/theory
  383. propriety
    fitness; quality of being proper; correct conduct; conformity to prevailing customs and usages; CF. proprietor
  384. usage
    act or manner of using; accepted practice; way in which words are actually used
  385. propulsive
    driving forward; N. propulsion
  386. prosaic
    lacking in imagination; dull and unimaginative; matter-of-fact(concerned with facts
  387. proscenium
    part of stage in front of curtain; front arch of a stage
  388. proscribe
    prohibit; ostracize; banish; outlaw
  389. outlaw
    fugitive from the law (excluded from legal protection); V: declare (someone) to be an outlaw; deprive of the protection of the law; declare illegal; Ex. Drinking has been outlawed.
  390. proselytize
    (induce someone to) convert to a religion or belief; N. proselyte: new convert to a doctrine or religion
  391. prosody
    art of versification; study of the metrical structure of verse
  392. metrical
    metric; written in the form of poetry; Ex. metrical translation of Homer
  393. meter
    arrangement of words in the form of poetry (by accentual rhythm)
  394. prosperity
    good fortune and financial success; physical well-being
  395. prosper
    become successful (esp. financially); thrive; grow well; Ex. children prospering under his care
  396. prosperous
    successful; rich; affluent; well-to-do; well-off
  397. prostrate
    stretch out full on ground; make prostrate; enervate; Ex. prostrating illness; ADJ: lying face down; having lost all strength
  398. protean
    able to take on many forms; versatile; CF. Proteus: sea god to change his shape at will
  399. prot\'eg\'e
    person receiving protection and support from a patron
  400. protocol
    diplomatic etiquette; ceremony and etiquette observed by diplomats; first copy of a treaty before its ratification; Ex. Protocol demands that the queen meet him at the airport.
  401. prototype
    original work used as a model by others
  402. protract
    prolong; lengthen in time; draw out
  403. protrude
    stick out; jut; project; Ex. protruding teeth
  404. protuberance
    protrusion; swelling; bulge
  405. bulge
    protruding part; swelling of a surface; Ex. The apple made a bulge in his pocket; V: swell outward; protrude
  406. provenance
    place of origin; origin or source of something; Ex. Gunpowder is of Chinese provenance; CF. come
  407. provender
    dry food for livestock; fodder
  408. provident
    providing for future needs; displaying foresight; thrifty; preparing for emergencies; OP. improvident
  409. providence
    quality of being provident; divine care; god's care; Providence: god; Ex. It seemed like providence that the doctor happened to be there; ADJ. providential: of divine providence; fortunate
  410. provincial
    pertaining to a province; limited in outlook; narrow; unsophisticated
  411. provisional
    tentative; temporary
  412. proviso
    stipulation; condition in an agreement; provision
  413. provision
    act of providing; something provided; preparatory measure; provisions: necessary supplies (esp. food); stipulation; condition in an agreement; Ex. According to the provisions of the agreement
  414. provocative
    arousing anger or sexual interest; annoying; Ex. provocative in tight jeans; V. provoke: incite to anger; cause (an unpleasant action or feeling); N. provocation
  415. prowess
    extraordinary ability; military bravery; Ex. prowess in battle
  416. proximity
    nearness; ADJ. proximate
  417. proxy
    authorized agent; authority to act for another
  418. prude
    excessively modest or proper person (who is easily shocked by improper things
  419. prudent
    cautious; careful; prudential
  420. prune
    cut away; trim
  421. prurient
    having or causing lustful desires and thoughts; arousing immoderate sexual desire
  422. pry
    inquire impertinently (someone else's private affairs); use leverage to raise or open something; prize; N. pries: tool for prying
  423. prize
    pry; move with a lever; value highly; esteem; Ex. his most prized possession; N: something captured during war-time (esp. an enemy ship)
  424. pseudonym
    pen name; fictitious name assumed by an author; ADJ. pseudonymous
  425. psyche
    soul; mind
  426. psychiatrist
    doctor who treats mental diseases
  427. psychic
    of psyche; mental; of or possessing extraordinary mental powers
  428. psychopathic
    pertaining to mental dearrangement; N. psychopath: person with an antisocial personality disorder
  429. psychosis
    mental disorder; ADJ. N. psychotic
  430. psychosomatic
    of the influence of the mind on the body (esp. with respect to disease)
  431. pterodactyl
    extinct flying reptile; CF. wing+finger
  432. puerile
    childish; immature; CF. puer: boy
  433. pugilist
    boxer; CF. pugilism: boxing
  434. pugnacity
    combativeness; disposition to fight; ADJ. pugnacious: (of people) belligerent; combative in nature
  435. puissant
    powerful; strong; potent; N. puissance: power
  436. pulchritude
    beauty; comeliness; ADJ. pulchritudinous
  437. pulmonary
    pertaining to the lungs
  438. pulsate
    throb; beat regularly; vibrate regularly
  439. pulse
    rhythmical throbbing of arteries; brief sudden change in a normally constant quantity; V: pulsate
  440. pulverize
    crush or grind into very small particles
  441. pummel
    pommel; beat or pound with fists
  442. punctilious
    minutely attentive (perhaps too much so) to fine points; stressing niceties of conduct or form; N. punctilio
  443. pundit
    authority on a subject; expert; learned person
  444. pungent
    stinging; acrid; sharp in taste or smell; (of speech or writing) caustic; N. pungency
  445. punitive
    punishing; Ex. punitive measures
  446. puny
    tiny; weak; insignificant
  447. purchase
    secure grasp or hold; firm grasp or footing
  448. purgatory
    place of spiritual expiation; temporary state or place in which the souls must expiate their sins
  449. purge
    remove or get rid of something or someone unwanted; eliminate; free from blame or guilt; cleanse or purify (esp. of sin
  450. purport
    intention; purpose; meaning; V: claim; profess; Ex. order which purports to be signed by the general
  451. purported
    alleged; claimed; reputed or rumored; Ex. purported Satanists
  452. rooster
    cock; adult male chicken
  453. rabble
    mob; noisy crowd
  454. purse
    pucker; contract (lips) into wrinkles; N: wallet
  455. pucker
    gather into wrinkles or folds; N: wrinkle or fold
  456. purveyor
    furnisher of foodstuffs; caterer; V. purvey: supply (eg. food); furnish; CF. provide
  457. pusillanimous
    cowardly; lacking courage; fainthearted
  458. putative
    supposed; reputed; generally regarded as such; Ex. putative father of the child
  459. putrid
    decayed and foul-smelling; foul; rotten; decayed; N. putridity
  460. putrefy
    make or become putrid; N. putrefaction
  461. putrescent
    becoming putrid; putrefying
  462. gangrene
    decay of body tissue caused by insufficient blood supply (usually following injury); ADJ. gangrenous
  463. pyromaniac
    person with an insane desire to set things on fire
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