Meats Part One
Card Set Information
Meats Part One
Important things to remember for Meats 307 Part One
Is there a relationship between grading and inspection?
Which is voluntary and which is mandatory between Meat grading and Meat inspection?
Grading is voluntary and Inspection is mandatory
What are 3 reasons for meat inspection?
Failure of europeans to recognize our meat inspections laws of the 1800's
Roosevelt's investigation of chicago meat packers (1904-06)
Upton Sinclair's book "The Jungle" 1906
When was the meat inspection Act passed?
June 30, 1906
What are the different ways meat inspectors identify meat as?
Healthy, Sound, Wholesome, and Properl Labeled
When meat inspectors identify meat as sound, what are they refering to?
The plant being clean and sanitary.
What is the FSIS
Food safety and inspection service
What are the functions of meat inspection
Detection and destruction of diseased and contaminated meat
Assurance of clean and sanitary handling and preparation
Minimization of microbiological contamination of meat
Prevention of adulteration and the presence of chemical or drug residues
Prevention of false labeling
Application of the inspection stamp
What determines if meat is inspected by federal gov or state
Where the products are going to be sold
Is meat is inspected by federal goverment where can it be sold?
Interstate or foreign commerce
When was the wholesome Meat Act passed?
What is the wholesome meat act?
"equal to law"
states have to have inspection law that are equal to those of the federal gov.
What is the Texas Meat and Poultry Inspecton Act?
Texas meat inspection which is located in Austin.
What is the Talmadge-Aiken Agreement?
these are federally inspected but staffed by state employees
What are the two exemptions from federal or state meat inspection?
Curtis Amendment and Farmers Exemption
What is the curtis amendment?
custom slaughteres-cutters-processors of: farm animals for famers and game animals for hunters.
What is the farmers exemption
When meat is to be used by the farmer for his own use, for his family and for nonpaying guests.
What are the area of responsibility for meat inspection?
Facilities construction and operalion sanitation
Laboratory determinations and assays
control and restriction of condemned products
marking, labeling and application of inspection insignia
How must plants be constructed to pass inspection?
Clean( and be able to be cleaned)
they can not contribute to hazards in meat
What goes into antemortem inspection?
Look at animals before slaughter, inspected in the pen, on the premises, on the day of slaughter, in motion and at rest
What are reasons for antemortem U.S. Suspect
seriously crippled, reactors to T.B. test, immature animals, minor epithelioma of the eye or of the orbital region
What are reasons for antemortem U.S condemned?
"downers", deads, abuot to die, comatose, temp above105 (106 swine), dies in pen, or obvious symptoms of disease.
What is FSIS 5-04 Notice?
All cattle that are non-ambulatory and/or showing central nervous system symptoms are condemned
What caused FSIS 5-04 noctice?
BSE "mad cow"
What is number one reason steers are condemned antemortem?
What is number one reason heifers are condemned antemortem?
What is number one reason cows are condemned antemortem?
What is number one reason barros and gilts are condemned antemortem?
What is number one reason sows are condemned antemortem?
What is number one reason lambs and yearlings are condemned antemortem?
What is number one reason sheep are condemned antemortem?