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how long can you give a speaker your undivided attention?
verbal communication makes up what percent of communication?
7% (text, face, email)
nonverbal communication makes up what percent of communication?
93% (body language)
what makes up the 93% of nonverbal communication and what percent?
can body language be read 100% accurate?
what is the number one fear of all people?
speaking in front of others
what does winking mean?
flirt, joke, aggrement, secret message
what does frowning mean?
what does a pat on the back mean?
good job, apology
waht does a hand going up mean?
what does having your arms crossed mean?
blocked, do not want to be bothered, cold
A study made to learn about the diverse characteristics of sudience members
what are the three parts of the triangle of fear?
Head, heart, and habits
what are the six big fears?
- 1. criticism
- 2. unknown
- 3. audience
- 4. spot light
- 5. breaking rules
- 6. fear
settign in which you communicate; comprised of physical, cultural, historical, and psychological setting
when and where you speak
light, temp of room, distance from audience makes up the .....
Values, beliefs, meanings, social customs of a particular group
Events that occur before and during a speech
moods, attitudes and feelings the audience members may have
communication with yourself
individuals talking about general information
communication between two people
group of 3 to 10 poeple communicating
11 or more people communicating
specific group of people to whom your speech is directed
reactions and responses to messages that indicate whether and how a message was heard, seen and interpreted
overall framework used to organize your speech content
specific language and style choices you use as you frame ideas and verbalize them to your audience
moral principles that a society, group or individual hold to be right from wrong and good behavior from bad behavior
3 ways to be an ethical speaker
- 1. always tell the truth
- 2. give credit to sources
- 3. hold yourself accountable for what you say.
7 principles of the presentation wheel:
- 1. purpose
- 2. logistics
- 3. audience
- 4. performance
- 5. content
- 6. organization
- 7. creditability
the purpose is to inform the audience
purpose is to entertain your audience
purpose is to convience the audience to do or not to do something
notecards or an outline can be used in the speech
giving a speech off of the top of your head
telling the speech word for word from paper
know the whole speech by heart
ways to divide speeches
- nice to know
- should know
- need to know
have ability to turn audience against you
- 1. over promise
- 2. offend
- 3. over zealous
the main goal of this is to entertain your audience
Questions an informative speech should answer
who, what, when, where, why and how
5 characteristics of informative speeches
- 1. intellectually stimulating
- 2. relevent-relative links
- 4. memorable
- 5. diverse learning styles
5 ways to make a speech memorable
- 1. presentational aids
- 2. repetition
- 3. transitions
- 4. humor and emotional anecdotes
- 5. mnemonics and acronyms
3 dimensions of learning
- 1. feeling--- images
- 2. watching--- facial expressions
- 3. thinking--- numbers
learning style that is categorized by easily distracted, visual directions, remembers faces but not names, handouts, reads paper instead of listening to radio news.
learning style that is categorized by hearing information. group discussions, reading out loud, hearing broadcasts instead of reading, remember names but not faces
learning style that is categorized by hands-on, experiment, copy notes over and over, mve around while talking, makes charts. likes thingd you work with, multitasks, do not remember face or name but the situation.
words used to fill spaces
3 things in critquing a speech
- 1. begin with something positive
- 2. be specific about what they did wrong
- 3. give ways to improve