acs

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Author:
werika
ID:
100187
Filename:
acs
Updated:
2011-09-06 21:21:06
Tags:
nbce
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Description:
Acs
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  1. Gonorrhea
    • gram negative diplococcus
    • grown on chocolate agar
    • MC symptom is dysruria
    • MC sign: green mucopurulent discharge
    • MC jt: knee
    • MC sequella: testes w/ sterility
    • women= salpingitis
    • newborn= blindness
  2. Chlamydia
    • reiters- conjuctivitis, urethritis, arthritis
    • PID in females
    • males asymtomatic
    • MC cause of female infertility in US
  3. PID/Salpingitis
    gonorrhea, chlamydia, candidiasis, trich
  4. Syphillis
    • teponema pallidum
    • transplacental transmission
    • treated w/ penicillin
    • hutchinson's triad: keratitis, notched incisors, CN VIII deafness
    • test: darkfield microscopy
  5. Syphilis stage 1
    hard PAINLESS chancre (up to 8 wks)
  6. syphillis stage 2
    • maculopapular rash
    • condylomata lata and alopecia
    • contagious!
    • (8 wks-2 yrs)
  7. syphilis stage 3
    • tabes dorsalis
    • gumma (pathopneumonic)
    • aortic aneurysm/aortic valve insufficiency
  8. trichimoniasis
    • "girls that turn tricks- get the green"
    • green yellow frothy, foul discharge
    • parasite
  9. monilasis/ candidiasis
    • fungus/yeast
    • white cottage cheese discharge
    • thrush in mouth
    • diabetes assoc.
  10. lymphogranuloma venereum
    • chlamydia
    • lymphnodes on the groin
    • rectal strictures
  11. granuloma inguinale
    • bacterium
    • red, beefy lesion on the perineal area
  12. genital herpes
    • HSV-2 virus
    • vesicle
    • clusters
    • reoccuring
  13. Genital warts: condylomata accuminata
    • organism is HPV
    • papilloma
    • painful, soft, flesh colored, cauliflower
    • cervical cancer link
  14. chancroid
    • hemophilus ducreyi
    • "he do cry"= painful
    • soft & painful
  15. AIDS
    • organism is HIV
    • contraindicated for breast feeding
  16. AID
    • homosexual males/iv drugs
    • ELISA testing/ western blot
    • pneumocystis carinii, giardia lamblia, kaposi
  17. molluscum contagiousum
    • virus
    • occurs in children
    • dome shaped flesh colored or gray papule
    • pearly/white core
    • mouth & eyelids
  18. macule
    small lesion <.5 cm, freckle or measles
  19. papule
    • sm raised lesion ,.5
    • measles & syphilis (solid)
  20. vesicle
    • small <.5 cm
    • filled w/ serious fluid
    • herpes
    • chickenpox
  21. pustule
    • small lesion
    • filled w/ pus
    • staph infection
  22. nodule
    hard lesion, large
  23. bulla
    • large fluid filled lesion
    • mucous membranes
    • tobacco use
  24. impetigo
    • staph or strep
    • gold crusty lesions around mouth or hand
  25. erysipleas
    • hemolytic strep
    • red fiery
    • fever- elevated ASO titer
  26. furnucle
    • staph-infected hair follicle
    • painful nodule
  27. carbuncle
    carload of furncles
  28. paronycia
    • bacterial/fungal hand infection
    • hang nail
  29. felon
    • sub facial inflammation
    • infection of the fingerpad
  30. fungal tinea infections
    dx: wood's lamp, skin scraping
  31. tinea ___
    • corpus: body
    • pedis: athletes foot
    • ungunum: nails
    • capitus: scalp
    • cruris: jock itch
    • barbae: beard
  32. yeast infection
    • candia albicans
    • oral is called thrush
  33. tinea versicolor
    • multiple hypo pigmented
    • asymptomatic lesions
    • white to brown
  34. aphthous stomatitis
    • kanker sore
    • pitted erythematous lesion
    • ulcer in the mouth
  35. seborrheic dermatitis
    dandruff, cradle cap
  36. pityriasis rosea
    • hearld patch
    • oval/round lesions
    • viral
  37. psoriasis
    • silver scales
    • pitted nails
  38. herpes zoster
    • aka: shingles
    • dorsal root ganglion, course of dermatome
  39. vitilligo
    • auto-immune conidtion
    • depigmentation
    • absent melanocytes
  40. albinism
    • complete depigment
    • lack of melanin
    • first noticed at birth
  41. urticaria
    • hives/wheal
    • allergy related
    • penicillin or food allergy
  42. pephigus vulgarus
    • potentially life threatening condition
    • bulla on skin
  43. acne rosecea
    • face, nose, cheecks
    • exacerbated by sunlight, caffeine and alcohol

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