Psyc 101

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Psyc 101
2011-09-06 22:13:00

Exam 1 Modules 1-7
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  1. The definition of psycology is generally considered...
    scientic study of behavior and study thought processes
  2. Dr. Clark is interested in the ways girls and boys differ in their
    understanding of moral behavior as they age. Clark’s research focuses
    on the subfield of _____ psychology.
  3. Which branch of psychology studies the processes of sensing, perceiving, thinking, and learning?
  4. The areas of clinical and health psychology are similar because both:
    focus on problems that involve difficulties in everyday life as well as more serious mental or physical disorders.
  5. The main focus of clinical psychology is on which aspect of human behavior?
    understanding and treating psycological disorders
  6. the majority of psycology majors work in what field?
    Social work
  7. Cogonitive psycologists are most interested in...
    how people process new information
  8. the study of worry, stress and anxiety on the body is apart of what field of psycology
  9. what does psycology try to apply science to
    real problems
  10. what is behavioral neuroscience
    focuses on the biological basis of behavior. studies the inheritance of traits related to behavior
  11. experimental psycology
    studies the processes of sensing, perceiving, leaning and thinking about the world
  12. developmental psycology
    examines how people grow and change from the moment of conception through death.
  13. social psycology
    is how peo otherple think, feel, and act because they are affected by others
  14. psycological diseases to physical health is what field
  15. what field deals with people that are having trouble adjusting to new surroundings like, school, work, social
  16. clinical psycologists
    study, diagnose and treat psycological disorders
  17. where do psycologists work
    academic settings, teach class, conduct research or practioner
  18. psychiatrists do..
    they get a doctorate degree, assest, diagnose and treat psycological disorders.
  19. psycologists need..
    graduate training
  20. what person does behavior analysist, industrial business, counseling and clincal works.
  21. 1879 in important because
    willhem wundt had the the first psycology lab
  22. Early psychologists studied the mind by asking people to describe what
    they were experiencing when exposed to various stimuli. This procedure
    was known as
  23. The ability of human beings to adapt to their environments is a central concern in the _____ perspective
  24. Those who identify with the psychodynamic perspective emphasize
    unconcious rather than concious causes of behavior
  25. John B. Watson, an advocate of the behavioral perspective, believed that a person’s achievements depend most on:
    training or experiences within the enviorment
  26. main theme of humanisitc approach
    is free will to make their own decisions
  27. Psychologists who adopt the ______ perspective often compare how humans
    process information to the way computers operate: information is
    inputed, saved, and later retrieved.
  28. A teacher believes that one of her student’s aggressive behaviors may be
    due to his parents’ recent divorce and not to a genetic trait. The
    teacher’s thinking reflects the controversy of
    nature vs nurture
  29. Which
    issue in psychology concerns whether the field should focus on
    processes going on within the individual’s mind rather than on behaviors
    that are clearly visible
    internal vs. observable
  30. On the issue of individual differences versus universal principles, a neuroscientist is likely to
    universal principles rather than indiviual differences
  31. functionalsim emphazies
    beahvior and consciousness. interested in how and why something happens to you.also the adaptability
  32. Neuroscience/Biological
    • how people function
    • love, fear, hunger, what these feelings do to our bodies.
    • also heredity and evolution
  33. psycohdynamic
    • understanding the inner person
    • behavior is motivated by inner forces
  34. behavioral
    • observes the outer person
    • fearful beacuse of past experiences
    • people are who they are because of enviormental forces
  35. cognotive
    • identifying roots of understanding
    • came out of functionalism
    • think, know, understand, problem solve
  36. humanistic
    • unique qualitites
    • free will
  37. sociocultural
    shaped by culture, influenced by enviorment
  38. determinsim vs free will
    behavior is choosen by the individual vs behavior is determined
  39. research/scientic method in psycology has 4 steps
    • identify question of interest
    • formulate hypothesis with explanation
    • carry out research to support or refute hypothesis
    • communicate the findings
  40. what is a theory
    broad explanations and prediction concering interest
  41. hypothesis
    prediction- can be tested
  42. operational definition
    translation of hypotheses into specificm testable prodcedures that can be measured and observed
  43. If you were to spend some time watching people in the checkout line of a
    local discount store to see how many read the tabloid newspapers
    displayed next to the register, you have chosen the _____ research
    method to answer your question
    naturalist observation
  44. Which of the following approaches might be used when trying to conduct a case study of chief executive officers of corporations?
    intensively interview a small group of people
  45. The mathematical score that indicates how much two attributes are related to each other is called the
    correlation coeffient
  46. Which of the following is the major problem involved in conducting a correlational study?
    cause-and-effect cannot be concluded
  47. archival research
    research in which exsiting documents and data are tested for hypothesis
  48. correlation research
    research inwhich two variables are determined to see if they are correlated
  49. treatment
    the manipulation implemented by experimenter
  50. The purpose of ethical guidelines in psychological research is to:
    to protect the rights of humans and animals
  51. A researcher uses a different tone of voice while speaking to groups of
    participants in a problem-solving study. She speaks encouragingly to
    students in a class for the gifted, and with a discouraging voice to a
    remedial class. This shows the experimental bias of
    experimenter expectations
  52. Deception may be used in an experiment to overcome problems with
    participant expectations
  53. When determining the validity of research there are fundamental questions
    that must be asked. When we know that a particular study has evolved
    from a clearly specified theory, then we can answer the question:
    what was the purpose of the study
  54. One of the issues in using college students as research participants is
    that compared with the general population, college students tend to:
    have less-formed attitudes
  55. One advantage of using nonhuman animals in psychological research is that
    their life spans are shorter
  56. what are neurons
    nerve cells, the bais elements of the nervous system
  57. all or none law
    either all neurons work, or they don't.
  58. resting state
    the neuron has a negative charge
  59. action potential
    a electric nerve impulse that travles through a neurons axon when it is set off by a trigger
  60. a cluster of fibers at one end of the neuron that recieves messages
  61. axon
    the part of the neuron that carries messages to destined other neurons
  62. small bulges at the end of axons that send messages
    terminal buttons
  63. myelin sheath
    a protevtive coact of fat, protein that wraps around the axon.
  64. mirror neurons..
    fire when they enact a behavior but also when they are observing others
  65. the space between two neurons where the ason of a sending nuron communicates with dendrite of a reciving neuron
  66. neurotransmitters
    chemicals that carry messages across the synapse to the dendrite
  67. a chemical message that makes it more likely that a revieving neurons will fire and an action potential will travel down the axon
    excitatory message
  68. prevents or decreases the likelihood that a reveiving neuron will fire
    inhibitory message
  69. reuptake
    the reabsorbtion of neurotransmitters by a terminal button.
  70. One
    class of neurotransmitters consisting of a family of chemical produced
    by the brain that are similar in structure to painkilling drugs is:
  71. Having not enough dopamine in certain parts of the brain is involved in _____.
    parkinsons disease
  72. acetylcholine
    muscle movement, cognitive functioning
  73. glutamate
  74. gamma-amino
    eating, aggression, sleeping
  75. movement control, pleasure and reward
  76. sleeping, eating, mood, pain, depression
  77. pain suppression, pleasurable feelings, appetities, placebos