Extra psych test 1
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Extra psych test 1
rose psychology test
help study for psych test
Who published "The Animal Mind" and is famous for structuralism in psychology?
Who proposed a countering point of view called functionalism?
What influenced the modern fields of educational psychology, evolutionary psychology, and industrial/organizational psychology?
What focuses on the free will and human potential for growth and who was it developed by?
Humanism; Maslow and Rogers
What emerged as the study of the biological bases of behavior?
Study of learning, memory, language, and problem solving?
What is seen as having an adaptive or survival value?
Medical doctors who provide diagnosis and therapy for persons with mental disorders
psychiatrists or psychologists with special training in the theory of psychoanalysis
People who have academic degrees and can do counseling, teaching, and research and may specialize in any one of a large number of areas with psychology
A way to determine facts and control the posibilities of error and bias when observing behavior
What are the 5 steps of the scientific method?
question, hypothesis, testing the hypothesis, conclusion, report the results
Observations in an artificial, controlled situation
detailed investigations of one subject
Asking standardized questions of large groups of people who represent a same of the population interest
cannot be used to prove cause and effect relationship.
measured behavior or response from the participant
variable that is deliberately manipulated by the experimenter to see if related changes occur in the behavior or responses of the participants and is given to the experimental group
recieves nothing or a placebo treatment
Complex network of cells that carries information to and from all parts of the body
What two types of cells is the brain made up of?
neurons and glial cells
Which cell makes up 90% of the brain?
A neuron contains charged particles called what?
What manner does neurons fire?
all or nothing
What is at the end of the axon terminal that releases neurotransmitter chemicals into the synapse between one cell to the next?
What neurotransmitter is associated with sleep, mood and appetite?
What neurotransmitter is associated with Parkinsons and schizophrenia?
which neurotransmitter are the neural regulators that control our pain response?
What makes up the central nervous system?
brain and spinal cord
all the neurons and nerves that are not part of the brain and spinal cord and that extend throughout the body
peripheral nervous system
Two systems within the PNS?
Somatic NS and the automatic NS
Contains sensory pathway or neurons carrying messages to the CNS and the motor pathway, or neurons carrying messages from the CNS to the voluntary muscles.
Contain the sympathetic and parasympathetic systems
Above the medulla and acts as a bridge btw the lower part of the brain and the upper part. Influences sleep, arousal, and coordination.
Run through the medulla and pons and controls our selective attention and arousal.
Found at the base and back of the brain and coordinates fine, rapid movement, learned reflexes, posture, and muscle tone.
What are the structures of the brain that control emotion, learning, memory and motivation?
thalamus, hypothalamus, limbic system, hippocampus, amygdala
switching station that sends sensory info to the proper areas of the cortex.
Controls hunger, thirst, sleep, sexual behavior, sleeping and waking, and emotions. controls the pituitary gland.
Consists of the thalamus, hypothalamus, hippocampus, amygdala, and the fornix.
part of the brain responsible for the storing of memories and remembering location of objects
Controls our fear responses and memory of fearful stimuli
What parts of the cortes control the different senses and the movement of the body?
occipital, parietal, temporal, and frontal lobes.
outer covering of the cerebrum and consists of tightly packed layer of neurons
thick band of neurons that connects the two cerebral hemispheres
at the back and base of each hemisphere process vision and contains the primary visual cortex
top and back of cortex, contains somatosensory area(touch, temp, and body position)
Part of the cortex that contains the primary auditory area and involved in understanding language
Contain the motor cortex which controls the voluntary muscles and are where higher mental functions such as planning and decision making occur
responsible for fluent, understandable speech
responsible for understanding language in the left temporal lobe
comes from damage to the association areas on one side of the cortex. Someone with this condition will ignore info from the opposite side of the body or opposite visual field