Anemia Definitions

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Author:
mminnick
ID:
100324
Filename:
Anemia Definitions
Updated:
2011-09-07 15:04:00
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Regis University
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IP 5
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  1. Pluripotent
    describes an undifferentiated hematopoietic stem cell that has the potential to become any type of mature blood cell
  2. describes an undifferentiated hematopoietic stem cell that has the potential to become any type of mature blood cell
    Pluripotent
  3. Oligopotent
    describes a partially differentiated hema- topoietic precursor cell that has the potential to become many different types of blood cell, but not all types
  4. describes a partially differentiated hema- topoietic precursor cell that has the potential to become many different types of blood cell, but not all types
    Oligopotent
  5. Progenitor
    a partially differentiated hematopoietic cell that is committed to becoming a single type of blood cell, such as erythrocyte, eosinophil, or neutrophil. Progenitor cells are still capable of replicating themselves a limited number of times
  6. a partially differentiated hematopoietic cell that is committed to becoming a single type of blood cell, such as erythrocyte, eosinophil, or neutrophil. Progenitor cells are still capable of replicating themselves a limited number of times
    Progenitor
  7. Micorenvironment
    the conditions within a particular part of an organ or cell. The microenvironment may include the presence of unique growth hormones, ion concentrations, cell adhesion molecules, or other factors that are particular to that compartment
  8. the conditions within a particular part of an organ or cell. The microenvironment may include the presence of unique growth hormones, ion concentrations, cell adhesion molecules, or other factors that are particular to that compartment
    Microenvironment
  9. Glycoprotein
    a protein that has carbohydrate residues attached via covalent bonds to specific amino acids
  10. a protein that has carbohydrate residues attached via covalent bonds to specific amino acids
    Glycoprotein
  11. Tetrameric
    describes the quaternary structure of a protein with four polypeptide chains
  12. describes the quaternary structure of a protein with four polypeptide chains
    Tetrameric
  13. Prosthetic
    describes a non-peptide, organic molecule that is permanently associated with a protein and aids in the function of that protein
  14. describes a non-peptide, organic molecule that is permanently associated with a protein and aids in the function of that protein
    Prosthetic
  15. Taut State
    the low affinity conformational state of deoxy- hemoglobin (unbound)
  16. the low affinity conformational state of deoxy- hemoglobin (unbound)
    Taut State
  17. Relaxed State
    the high affinity conformational state of oxy- hemoglobin (bound)
  18. the high affinity conformational state of oxy- hemoglobin (bound)
    Relaxed State
  19. Adocobalamin
    the active form of vitamin B12 in humans that is present in mitochondria and is necessary for methyl- malonyl CoA mutase function
  20. the active form of vitamin B12 in humans that is present in mitochondria and is necessary for methyl- malonyl CoA mutase function
    Adocobalamin
  21. Methylcobalamin
    the active form of vitamin B12 in hu- mans that is present in the cytoplasm and is necessary for methionine synthase function
  22. the active form of vitamin B12 in hu- mans that is present in the cytoplasm and is necessary for methionine synthase function
    Methylcobalamin
  23. Microcytic
    describes RBCs that are smaller in size (volume) than normal. This is most commonly associated with iron deficiency anemia
  24. describes RBCs that are smaller in size (volume) than normal. This is most commonly associated with iron deficiency anemia
    Microcytic
  25. Macrocytic
    describes RBCs that are larger in size (volume) than normal. This is most commonly associated with defi- ciencies in folate or vitamin B12
  26. describes RBCs that are larger in size (volume) than normal. This is most commonly associated with defi- ciencies in folate or vitamin B12
    Macrocytic
  27. Hypochromic
    describes RBCs that are pale in color as a result of decreased heme content
  28. describes RBCs that are pale in color as a result of decreased heme content
    Hyprochromic
  29. Hypoproliferative
    describes a form of anemia in which fewer RBCs are produced, although the cells may appear normal
  30. describes a form of anemia in which fewer RBCs are produced, although the cells may appear normal
    Hypoproliferative
  31. Intrinsic (cause)
    describes defects in RBC structure or function that lead to hemolysis; this type of defect origi- nates inside the cell and is usually inherited
  32. describes defects in RBC structure or function that lead to hemolysis; this type of defect origi- nates inside the cell and is usually inherited
    Intrinsic (cause)
  33. Extrinsic (cause)
    describes defects in RBC structure or function that lead to hemolysis; this type of defect origi- nates outside the cell and is usually acquired
  34. describes defects in RBC structure or function that lead to hemolysis; this type of defect origi- nates outside the cell and is usually acquired
    Extrinsic (cause)
  35. Recombinant
    describes a technique used to isolate DNA from one organism and engineer the gene to produce proteins in another organism or in vitro
  36. describes a technique used to isolate DNA from one organism and engineer the gene to produce proteins in another organism or in vitro
    Recombinant

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