Cephalosporins

Card Set Information

Author:
sxm1196
ID:
100334
Filename:
Cephalosporins
Updated:
2011-09-07 18:46:14
Tags:
ANTIBIOTICS
Folders:

Description:
N309
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user sxm1196 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Cephalosporin's are structurally and chemically related to __________.
    Penicillins
  2. Cephalosporins are considered to be ___-_____ antibiotics.
    beta-lactam
  3. ____-________ may occur between penicillins and cephalosporins, meaning that allergy to one class may indicate __________ to the other in some clients.
    • cross-sensitivity
    • hypersensitivity
  4. When dealing with the 4 generations of cephalosporins, the first through third generations increased activity against ____-_____ organisms and ________; less active against ____-______ organisms; first generation does not enter the ____ and has limited activity against _____ ___-_______ organisms.
    • gram-negative
    • anaerobes
    • gram-positive
    • CSF
    • aerobic gram-negative
  5. When dealing with the 4 generations of cephalosporins, the fourth generation increases activity against gram-_____ ___ and gram- _____ ____
    • gram-positive cocci
    • gram-negative bacilli
  6. The 3rd generation is effective against ___ caused by ______ _______.
    • STI's
    • neiserria gonorrhoeae
  7. ________ is commonly associated with gonorrhea so client may be given ________ (________) as a single dose or ________ (________) concurrently.
    • chlamydia
    • a-zithro-my-cin (zithromax)
    • doxy-cycline (vibramycin)
  8. Most cephalosporins are excreted through urine except _________ ( ) and ________ ( ), which are excreted in ____.
    • ce-fo-pera-zone (cefobid)
    • cef-triax-one (rocephin)
    • bile
  9. List the common 1st generation cephalosporins: (5)
    • ce-fa-droxil (Duricef)
    • ce-fa-zolin (Ancef)
    • ce-pha-lexin (Keflex)
    • ce-pha-pirin (Cefadyl)
    • ce-phra-dine (Velosef)
  10. List the common 2nd generation cephalosporins:
    • ce-fa-clor (Ceclor)
    • ce-f-meta-zole (Zefazone)
    • ce-f-pro-zil (Cefzil)
    • ce-fo-tetan (Cefotan)
    • ce-fox-itin (Mefoxin)
    • ce-fur-oxime axetil (Ceftin)
    • ce-fur-oxime sodium (Zinacef)
    • loracarbef (Lorabid)
  11. List the common 3rd generation cephalosporins:
    • ce-f-dinir (Omnicef)
    • ce-fix-ime (Suprax)
    • ce-fo-pera-zone sodium (Cefobid)
    • ce-fo-tax-ime (Claforan)
    • ce-f-podo-xime proxetil (Vantin)
    • ce-f-taz-idime (Fortaz)
    • ce-f-di-toren (Spectracef)
    • ce-f-ti-buten (Cedax)
    • ce-f-tiz-oxime (Cefizox)
    • ce-f-tri-axone (Rocephin)
  12. List the common 4th generation cephalosporins:
    ce-fi-pime (Maxipime)
  13. When dealing with cephalosporins a contraindication is cross-sensitivity with?
    penicillins
  14. Cephalosporins interfere with bacterial cell ____ _______ and are considered _____-_______.
    • cell wall synthesis
    • broad spectrum

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview