Cephalosporin's are structurally and chemically related to __________.
Cephalosporins are considered to be ___-_____ antibiotics.
____-________ may occur between penicillins and cephalosporins, meaning that allergy to one class may indicate __________ to the other in some clients.
When dealing with the 4 generations of cephalosporins, the first through third generations increased activity against ____-_____ organisms and ________; less active against ____-______ organisms; first generation does not enter the ____ and has limited activity against _____ ___-_______ organisms.
When dealing with the 4 generations of cephalosporins, the fourth generation increases activity against gram-_____ ___ and gram- _____ ____
The 3rd generation is effective against ___ caused by ______ _______.
________ is commonly associated with gonorrhea so client may be given ________ (________) as a single dose or ________ (________) concurrently.
Most cephalosporins are excreted through urine except _________ ( ) and ________ ( ), which are excreted in ____.
List the common 1st generation cephalosporins: (5)
List the common 2nd generation cephalosporins:
ce-fur-oxime axetil (Ceftin)
ce-fur-oxime sodium (Zinacef)
List the common 3rd generation cephalosporins:
ce-fo-pera-zone sodium (Cefobid)
ce-f-podo-xime proxetil (Vantin)
List the common 4th generation cephalosporins:
When dealing with cephalosporins a contraindication is cross-sensitivity with?
Cephalosporins interfere with bacterial cell ____ _______ and are considered _____-_______.