LECTURE I

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Author:
hcperry
ID:
100342
Filename:
LECTURE I
Updated:
2011-09-11 16:31:24
Tags:
LECTURE ADPIE HUMAN NEEDS
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Description:
LECTURE I ASSESSING, DIAGNOSING, PLANNING, IMPLEMENTATION, EVALUATION
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  1. WHAT ARE THE TWELVE BASIC NEEDS OF HUMANS?
    • 1. OXYGENATION
    • 2. FLUID ELECTROLYTE
    • 3. SAFETY
    • 4. ELIMINATION
    • 5. NUTRITION
    • 6. REST & ACTIVITY
    • 7. SENSORY
    • 8. AUDITORY
    • 9. COMFORT
    • 10. SEXUALITY
    • 11. SPIRITUALITY
  2. A 75 Y/O pt comes in with respirations of 26. Is this normal?
    Why or why not?
    No, an older adult should have respirations ranging from 15-20
  3. If a pt comes in with a low pottasium level, what is an effective way to increase their potassium quickly?
    Offer your patient a banana.
  4. If a 26 year old female comes in and is having respirations of 16/min. Is this normal? Why or why not?
    Yes, an adult's normal respiration range is 12-20 breaths/min
  5. How much should a patient output every hour?
    30mL/hr
  6. What is the act of being unable to feel whether things are hot, cold, sharp, dull, etc..?

    e.g. Pt. has a wound and doesn't even know. Dangerous for a diabetic pt.
    TACTILE
  7. WHAT ARE FACTORS THAT AFFECT LEARNING?
    MOTIVATION, RELEVANCE, ENVIRONMENT, READINESS, FEEDBACK, INVOLVEMENT, SUPPORT.
  8. During the ASSESSMENT phase what is the nurse doing?
    Collecting, Organizing, Validating and Documenting Data.
  9. What is an example of Objective Data?
    B/P, Blood (Signs)
  10. During the DIAGNOSING phase what is the nurse doing?
    Analyze, synthesize data, Identify normal value, Identify client's strengths, Identify health problems that can be prevented.
  11. What are the three guidelines for Informed Consent?
    • 1. Client must be informed with reasonable amt. of info
    • 2. Client must be competent.
    • 3. Client must give consent voluntarily
  12. What group of people ARE NOT allowed to provide consent?
    • 1. Minors can't provide consent
    • 2. Unconcious people
    • 3. Mentally ill pts
  13. When does discharge planning begin?
    Upon admission
  14. What is included in a database for a client?
    • Info about the client
    • The nursing health hx
    • Physical Assessment
    • P.C.P's History
    • Physical Exam
    • Results of Lab
    • Material contributed by others
  15. "The pt will" is in which phase of the Nursing Process.
    Planning.
  16. Sixteen year old Johnny comes in with respirations of 16 complaining of a headache, and stomach cramps. He claims that he hasn't had a bowel movement in one week, but he is constantly complaining of the sharp pain in his head. Which problem should the nurse approach first and why?
    The nurse should address his inactive bowels. If he is having an elimination problem, his comfort concerning his headache can be alleviated afterwards.

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