Historical Information (8)

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Author:
cgordon05
ID:
10037
Filename:
Historical Information (8)
Updated:
2010-03-11 11:20:03
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Nursing Theory Test 1
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Historical Information
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  1. What was nursing like in late 1800s to early 1900s?
    • Education by MDs
    • No nursing curricula/texts - focus on tasks, taught special diseases
    • Practice - task-oriented; submissive - obedient to MDs
    • Apprenticeship model
    • Exploited as cheap labor
    • Medical model - focus on cure and treatment
  2. What forces drove increasing development of nursing knowledge?
    • Nursing shortage after WWII
    • Report illustrating poor nursing and physician education in U.S. --> development of nursing curricula
    • Yale University established nursing school
    • Esther Brown, PhD - recommended formal nurse training outside of hospitals; in universities
    • Hill-Burton Act - established more hospitals
    • By 1949, 41 states required nursing licensure and registration
    • 1956 - grant for graduate nursing education
    • University of Pittsburgh established nursing doctoral program
    • Establishment of professional nursing organizations
  3. How did these forces influence nursing theory development?
    • Nursing scholars began debating ideas, viewpoints, and research methods in nurse literature
    • Nurses began questions ideas previously taken for granted
  4. What are the 5 Stages of Nursing Theory Development?
    • Silent Knowledge
    • Received Knowledge
    • Subjective Knowledge
    • Procedural Knowledge
    • Constructed Knowledge
  5. Silent Knowledge
    • Minimal theory and research
    • Blind acceptance; non-questioning
  6. Received Knowledge
    • Borrowed theory
    • Research - educational, sociological
    • Learn through listening
    • Nurse licensure and registration
    • Nurse shortage
  7. Subjective Knowledge
    • Revolution - defined nature of nursing practice and theory development
    • Nursing models - defined from practice and ideal nursing perception
    • Theory - relationship of nurse and health
  8. Procedural Knowledge
    • Nursing = Scientific Discipline
    • Curriculum = conceptual framework
    • Theory - under-emphasized; focus on procedures to acquire knowledge
  9. Constructed Knowledge
    • Recognition of different types of knowledge - intuition, reason, self-knowledge
    • Nursing theory:
    • Empirical knowledge
    • Literature
    • Patient report
    • Nurse intuition
    • Related knowledge
    • Theory development:
    • Evidence-based practice
    • Application of nursing process

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