Penicillins

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Author:
sxm1196
ID:
100378
Filename:
Penicillins
Updated:
2011-09-08 18:24:00
Tags:
ANTIBIOTICS
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Description:
N309
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  1. ____-_____ are chemical structure of penicillins.
    beta-lactams
  2. Penicillins are derived from _____ or ____ evidenced on bread or fruit.
    • fungus
    • mold
  3. Pinicillins share similarity with:
    • cephalosporins
    • mono-bactams
    • car-ba-penems
    • beta-lactamase inhibitors
  4. Pinicillins prevent bacteria from _____________, which results in swelling and bursting of bacteria cells.
    biosynthesizing
  5. Pinicillins will only cross the blood-brain barrier if _________ inflammation is present.
    meningeal
  6. Penicillins are most effective against gram-_______ organisms; less effective against gram-________ organisms.
    • positive
    • negative
  7. _________ is mostly resistant to Pinicillins.
    Gonorrhea
  8. Penicillin is least _____ of these drugs; usually is the antibiotic of choice because of low ________ potential in non-allergic clients.
    • toxic
    • toxicity
  9. When is Penicillin most effective?
    During replication of the bacterial cell
  10. Penicillins are used to treat infections caused by Meningococci, Pneumococci, Streptococci, Treponema pallidum, Staphylococci as in upper ________ ________, __________, STI's such as _______ but not _________, _______ infections, and ____.
    • upper respiratory infection
    • pneumonia
    • syphilis
    • gonorrhea
    • wound infectionsUTI's
  11. Used prophylactically against __________ for ____, __, _______ procedures when bacteria may enter circulation. Usually _______ () or _______ () are used.
    • endocarditis
    • oral
    • GI
    • pulmonary
    • amoxicillin (Amoxil)
    • ampicillin (Omnipen)
  12. Pinicillins are used in ___-_______ __________ Group __ infections that can be associated with ______ fever or acute _____________ , such as __________; ________ _ () __ route preferred.
    • beta-hemolytic
    • streptococci
    • A
    • rheumatic
    • glomerulonephritis
    • pharyngitis
  13. Because of increasing resistance of Pinicillins is developing _____ should be obtained prior to use.
    C&S

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