EVO of NUR

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Author:
bella11821
ID:
100385
Filename:
EVO of NUR
Updated:
2011-09-07 20:25:55
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Nursing
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Description:
EVOLUTION OF NURSING
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  1. Why should we study the history of nursing?



    know where we come from


    learn from our mistakes
  2. Period of intuitive nursing:

    - cause of illness

    - "Medicine Men" / " Shaman"

    - Function of women
    - believed was in direct relationsip to the gods

    - "magical" people to rid evil and illness

    - took care of the elder and children
  3. Ancient civilizations:

    Egypt
    • Embalming

    250 identifiable diseases
  4. Ancient civilizations:

    Isreal
    cleanliness

    control of disease
  5. Ancient civilizations:

    Rome
    aqueducts

    organized 1st "visiting of sick"

    fed hungry, clothed naked
  6. Ancient civilizations:

    Greece
    Greek Gods

    Emphasis on healthy body

    hippocrates - father of medicine
  7. Ancient civilizations:

    China
    Herbs

    Health = yin/yang

    accupuncture, massage

    look - listen - feel method
  8. Ancient civilizations:

    India
    500 BC

    Male LPN 4 qualities: knowledgeable, clever, devoted, pure of mind
  9. Ancient civilizations:

    Americas
  10. Health is a balance between man - nature - supernatural
  11. Period of apprenticeship nursing
    on job training

    no formal education
  12. Religious influences:

    "Angels of Mercy" Deaconesses
    Nursing function of religion

    "Visiting Nurses"
  13. Religious influences:

    Protestant Reformation
    Brought dark ages of nursing

    role of women

    lower class servants, prostitutes, drunks, slaves
  14. Religious influences:

    Dark Ages of Nursing VS Dawn of Modern Science
    Renaissance

    Development in technology

    • Need for qualified nurses
  15. FLORENCE NIGHTENGALE:

    05/12/1820 - Wealthy Family
    - founder modern nursing

    - "rebel with a cause"

    - "lady with the lamp" following Crimean war - Decreased mortalitly 42% to 2%

    - first "outcome" study proving worth of nurses

    -
    wrote "Notes on Nursing" 1859

    • - Founded St. Thomas Hosp. School of Nursing in 1860:
    • - "period of Educated Nursing"
    • - Therory and Practice taught
    • - Students: Lect, test, papers, diaries
    • - Focus: discipline, high moral, authority over curriculum, life-long learning, social standing
  16. Lillian Wald
  17. originator of Visiting Nurses
  18. Margaret Sanger
    Planned Parent Hood

    Legalized BCP

    Jailed numerous times
  19. Linda Richards
    1st Nursing grad in US
  20. Mary Eliza Mahoney
    • 1st African American RN
  21. Clara Barton
  22. Founded Red Cross
  23. Clara Mass
    Bitten by mosquitoes

    Died from Yellow Fever
  24. Revolutionary War
    1st organized help

    Philadelphia Dispensary

    Volunteer physicians - helped on front line - no charge
  25. Civil War
  26. More death and injury brought on need for more qualified nurses
  27. Civil War:

    Sojorner Truth
    1797-1883
    born into slavery

    freed in 1828

    aided freed slaves
  28. Civil War:

    Dorothea Dix
    1802-1881
    Mentally Ill

    worked to improve tx of mentally ill
  29. Civil War:

    Harriet Tubman
    1820-1913
    • Underground Railroad

    Led 300+ slaves to freedom


  30. Civil War:

    Clara Barton
    1821 - 1912
  31. Founder of Red Cross
  32. WWI & WW2
    Caused shortage of nurses at home

    diploma schools created

    advances for nurses

    Army adn Navy Nurse Core
  33. Korean Conflict
    Abx and imms

    MASH units: Mobile army surgical hospitals at front line
  34. Vietnam War
    Recruiting efforts for nursing increased

    PTSD became a title
  35. Gulf and Iraq Wars
  36. Don't know all ramifications yet
  37. Physicain/Nurse Relationship
  38. - Doctors dining room
    • - Billing for services
    • - Clinical rounds
    • - Interrumpting nursing care
    • - Reading nursing documentatoion
    • - Teaching medical students
    • - Verbal abuse
    • - Names on doors

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