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ACTION: Inhibits transmission
of reflexes at spinal cord level (spasmolytics)
INDICATION: TX of cerebral spasticity, reversible spasticity associated with MS or spinal cord lesions
- Central-Acting Skeletal muscle relaxant
ACTION: Acts directly on skeletal muscle, causing relaxation by decreasing calcium release from sarcoplasmic reticulum in muscle cells
INDICATION: Muscle spasms Prophylactic for malignant hyperthermia Emergency TX of malignant hyperthermia
- Direct-Acting Muscle Relaxant
- Dantrolene/ Dantrium
ACTION: CNS DEPRESSANTS THAT INHIBIT NEURONAL IMPULSE CONDUCTION, DEPRESS CEREBRAl CORTEX, ALTER CEREBELLAR FUNCTION, AND DEPRESS MOTOR OUPUT
INDICATION: Relief of S & S of anxiety, sedation,
insomnia, preanesthesia, and TX of seizures
ACTION: CNS depressant Promotes skeletal muscle relaxation by inhibiting afferent pathways. Anti-convulsant properties
INDICATION: Anxiety, sedation, amnesia, skeletal muscle relaxation, decrease seizures, ETOH withdrawal
ACTION: Selective tothe mu receptor. Main effect is in the brain
INDICATION: For moderate to severe chronic and acute pain. Pre-op, post-op and during labor
- Opioid agonist
ACTION: Complete/partial block of opioid effects (CNS/resp depression without producing agonist (opioid like) effects
INDICATION: Reversal of signs of opioid excess
- Opioid antagonist
ACTION: Binds to opiate receptors in CNS. Agonist affects response to painful stimuli. Antagonist may result in opioid withdrawal in physically dependent PTs.
INDICATION: Relief of moderate to severe pain in L & D, postpartum pain; adjunct to general anesthesia.
- Opioid Agonist/Antagonist
ACTION: Vasoconstricts blood vessels by stimulating alpha-adrenergic receptors 5-HT. This vasoconstricts vessels in the brain
INDICATION: TX of vascular headaches including migraines with or without aura and cluster headaches
- Ergot Alkaloids
ACTION: Selective agonist of 5 HT-1 at specific vascular serotonin receptor sites, causing vasoconstriction in large intracranial arteries.
INDICATION: Acute TX of migraine attacks
ACTION: Inhibit synthesis of prostaglandin; blocks pyrogens; inhibits PLT aggregation. 4A's antipyretic, antiinflammatory, antiplatelet, analgesic
INDICATION: Mild to moderate pain, fever, inflammatory conditions. Reduce risk of TIA and MI
Preg: Not indicated d/t risks to mother
- acetyl Salicylate Acid (ASA)
ACTION: Inhibits prostaglandin syntheses. Decreases pain, inflammation, and reduces fever.
INDICATION: Relief of pain, fever, inflammation
Preg: C up to 30 weeks, then D
- Non-opioid analgesic
ACTION: Works directly on thermoregulatory cells to cause sweating and vasodilation.
INDICATION: Mild to moderate pain, fever, M/S pain r/t arthritis
ACTION: gold containing chemical (salt) Reduce Inflammation of joint lining
INDICATION: Rheumatoid Arthritis
- AUROTHIO GLUCOSE