# ch 5 formal logic.txt

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1. Antecedent
the clause in the major premise of a conditional argument that establishes the conditions that will lead to an outcome; the "if" clause in the major premise of a conditional argument
2. Categorical argument
a syllogism or an enthymeme with a major premise that establishes categories in which the subject of the minor premisewill fit. The major premise takes the form "All As are B."
3. Classical structure of an argument
the logical form that an argument should take
4. Cogent argument
another term for a sound argument
5. conclusion
the statement in a syllogism that is the inevitable outcome of accepting the major and minor premises. It must be absolute in a syllogism and maybe provisional in an enthymeme
6. Conditional Argument
a syllogism or an enthymeme with a major premise that establishes what will happen if particular conditions exist. The major premise takes the form "If A then B." Also called "hypothetical argument."
7. Consequent
the clause in the major premise of a conditional argument that establishes the outcome if the conditions of the antecedent are met; the "then" clause in the major premise of a conditional argument
8. Deductive reasoning
argumentation in which the conclusion is included in the premise; an argument that reasons from what is known with certainty in the premises to a conclusion that is known with certainty
9. enthymeme
an argument that is missing at least one part of the syllogism, comes to a probable conclusion, or both
10. Formal Validity
having the correct structure or "form."
11. hypothetical argument
another name for the conditional argument
12. inductive reasoning
an argument that comes to a probable instead of an absolute conclusion, or that reasons from what is known in the premises to a conclusion that is unknown in the premises
13. Major premise
the part of a syllogism that is an unequivocal general statement about the subject of the argument
14. major term
the term in a categorical argument that appears in both the major premise and the conclusion; the category into which both the minor term and middle term fit
15. materially true argument
an argument that reaches a truthful conclusion or uses premises that are true, as much as "truth" can be determined
16. middle term
the term in a categorical argument that appears in both the major premise and the minor promise; the category into which the minor term fits
17. minor premise
the part of a syllogism that is a statement about a specific case, covered by the generalization of the major premise
18. sound argument
an argument that is both materially true and formally valid
19. syllogism
a deductive argument that includes a major premise, minor premise, and conclusion that is the inevitable result of accepting the premises
20. valid argument
an argument that is properly structured, in which all of the logical components fit together corectly
 Author: markdoronio ID: 100453 Card Set: ch 5 formal logic.txt Updated: 2011-09-08 06:12:43 Tags: formal logic Folders: Description: ch 5 formal logic.txt Show Answers: