Medical Terminology

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Author:
kbtinker
ID:
100573
Filename:
Medical Terminology
Updated:
2011-09-08 16:51:45
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Medical Terminology
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Description:
Chapter One Basic word Structure
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  1. Object in Studying Medical Language
    • analyze by dividing into components
    • relate to structure and function
    • beaware of spelling and pronunciation
  2. Word Analysis
    • similar to a new language
    • learn how to divide the word
  3. Root
    foundation of the word
  4. Suffix
    • word ending
    • all words have an ending
  5. Combining Vowel
    • usually o
    • links the root to the suffix
    • root to another word
    • combines one part to another
  6. Prefix
    word beginning
  7. Combining vowel
    vowel usually o that links the root to the suffix or the root to another root
  8. Combining form
    combination of the root and the combining vowel
  9. Reading of Words
    read the word from the suffix and going back to the beginning of the term

    • ie
    • electrocardiogram

    • root - electro - electricity
    • root - cardi- heart
    • suffix -gram - record
    • record of the electricty in the heart
  10. Combining Forms
  11. aden/o
    gland

    adenoma - tumor of the gland
  12. arthr/o
    joint

    arthritis - inflamation of the joint
  13. bi/o
    life

    biology - the study of life - cells and tissues
  14. carcin/o
    cancerous, cancer

    carcinoma - cancerous tumor
  15. cardi/o
    heart

    cardiology - study of the heart
  16. cephal/o
    head

    cephalic - pto head
  17. cerebr/o
    cerebrum - largest part of the brain

    cerebral - pto brain
  18. cis/o
    to cut

    incision - process of cutting into
  19. crin/o
    to secrete

    endocrine glands - glands that secrete into the body
  20. cyst/o
    unrinary bladder

    cystoscopy - process of visually examing the urinary bladder
  21. cyt/o
    cell

    cytology - study of cells
  22. derm/o
    skin

    dermitis - inflamation of the skin
  23. dermat/o
    skin

    hypodermic - under the skin
  24. electr/o
    electricity

    electrocardiogram - record of electricity in the heart
  25. encephal/o
    brain

    elctrocephalgram - record of electricity in the brain
  26. enter/o
    intestines - usually the small intestine

    enteritis - inflamation of the intestines
  27. erthr/o
    red

    erythrocyte - red bllod cell
  28. gastr/o
    stomach

    gastrectomy - removal of the stomach
  29. glyc/o
    sugar

    hyperglycemia - condition of elevated blood sugar
  30. gnos/o
    knowledge

    • diagnosis - state of complete knowledge
    • prognosis - predicted outcome -knowledge before

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