Chapter 1

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  1. The view that knowledge originates in experience and that science should, therefore, rely on observation and experimentation
  2. psychology as the study of the elements of consciousness. The idea is that conscious experience can be broken down into basic conscious elements
  3. Explorations of down to earth emotions, memories, willpower, habits, and moment to moment of consciousness
  4. Who explore behavior and thinking with experience, despite it being founded by Titchener
    Experimental psychology
  5. Science is rooted in observation; a person cannot observe a sensation, a feeling, or a thought, but you can observe and record people’s behavior as they respond to different situations.
  6. emphasized the importance of current environmental influences on our growth potential, and the importance of having our needs for love and acceptance satisfied
    Humanistic psychology
  7. The study of brain activity linked with mental activity, have expanded on those ideas to explore scientifically the ways we perceive, process, and remember information
    Cognitive neuroscience
  8. The science of behavior and mental process
  9. The controversy over the relative contributions of biology and experience
    Nature vs. Nurture
  10. Nature selects the traits that best enable an organism to survive and reproduce in a particular environment
    Natural Selection
  11. Considers the influences of biological, psychological, and social-cultural factors
    Levels of analysis: biopsychosocial approach
  12. How the body and brain enable emotions, memories, and sensory experiences; how genes combine with environmental to influence individual differences
    Biological psych
  13. How the natural selection of traits promoted the survival of genes
    Evolutionary psych
  14. How behavior springs from unconscious drives and conflicts
    Psychodynamic psych
  15. How we encode, process, store, and retrieve information
    Cognitive psych
  16. How behavior and thinking vary across situations and cultures
    Social-cultural psych
  17. How we meet our needs for love and acceptance and achieve self-fulfillment
  18. Branch of psychology devoted to studying the measurement of our abilities, attitudes, and traits
  19. Builds psychology’s knowledge base
    Basic research
  20. Studying our changing abilities from womb to tomb
    Developmental psych
  21. Tackles problems and use psychology’s concepts and methods in the workplace to help organizations and companies select and train employees, boost morale and productivity, design products, and implement systems
    Applied research industrial-organizational psych
  22. Focus on the interaction of the people, machines, and physical environments
    Human factors psych
  23. Help people cope with challenges and crises
    Counseling psych
  24. Treat mental, emotional, and behavior disorders
    Clinical psych
  25. Provide psychotherapy and medical doctors licensed to prescribe drugs
Card Set
Chapter 1
Terms and Definitions
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