Chapter 2

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Chapter 2
2011-09-08 21:30:53
AP Psych

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  1. I - knew - it - all - along phenomenon. The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one would have foreseen it.
    Hindsight bias
  2. Examines assumptions, discerns hidden values, evaluates evidence, and assesses
    Critical thinking
  3. An explanation using an integrated set of principals that organizes observations and predicts behaviors or events.
  4. A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
  5. A statement of the procedures (operations) used to define research variables.
    Operational definition
  6. Repeating the essence of a research study, usually with different participants to see whether the basic finding extends to other participants and circumstances.
  7. An observation technique in which one person is studied in depth in the hope of revealing universal principals.
    Case study
  8. A technique for ascertaining the self-reported attitudes or behaviors of a particular group, usually by questioning a representative, random sample of the group.
  9. All the cases in a group being studied, from which samples may be drawn.
  10. A sample that fairly represents a population because each member has an equal chance of inclusion.
    Random sample
  11. Observing and recording behavior in naturally occurring situations without trying to manipulate and control the situation
    Naturalistic observation
  12. A measure of the extent to which two factors vary together, and how well either factor predicts the other.
  13. A statistical index of the relationship between two things
    Correlation coefficient
  14. A graph cluster of dots, each represents the values of two variables.
    Scatter plot
  15. The perception of a relationship where none exists.
    Illusory correlation
  16. A research method to manipulate one or more factors, independent variables and other relevant factors
  17. Assigning participants to experimental and control groups by chance
    Random assignment
  18. An experiment were both the participants and the research staff are blind about whether the research participants have received treatment or placebo.
    Double-blind procedure
  19. Documented in reducing pain, depression and, anxiety.
    Placebo effect
  20. People receive the treatment of placebo.
    Experimental group
  21. The people who do not receive the treatment of placebo.
    Control variable
  22. The experimental factor that is manipulated; the variable whose effect is being studied
    Independent variable
  23. A factor other than the independent variable that might produce an effect in an experiment
    Confounding variable
  24. The outcome factor; variable that may change in response to the independent variable.
    Dependent variable
  25. Scores on aptitude tests to form a normal, or bell-shaped curve
    Normal curve
  26. Research procedure in which the researcher is unaware of the condition to which each participant is assigned
    Single-blind procedure
  27. quality of measurement in its everyday sense,
    reliability is the "consistency" or "repeatability" of your measures
  28. extent to which a test measures what it claims to measure