Unit One Govt

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Author:
haleygreenbean
ID:
100635
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Unit One Govt
Updated:
2011-09-08 22:29:01
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govt unit one
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structure of govts, etc.
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  1. unitary govt
    • * most common in world
    • very strong centralized govt
    • central: creates local govts, administrates central powers
    • (based on GEOGRAPHIC distribution)
  2. Federal govt
    • powers divided between local and central govt
    • division of powers created by central govt
    • neither can change division by themselves
    • ( B O: GEOGRAPHIC D)
  3. Confederate govt
    • 1. alliance of ind. states
    • 2. assign central govt powers
    • ( B O Geographic D)
  4. National Govt f(x)'s (5)
    • 1. nat'l defense
    • 2. public services
    • 3. restore order
    • 4. socialize young
    • 5. collect taxes
  5. politics
    • determines policies and politicians
    • "who gets what, when, and how"
  6. political participation
    • ways ppl get politically involved
    • some judge health of govt by this
  7. single issue grps
    • have narrow interest
    • usually cast vote solely on their 1 topic
    • CONS: since no middle road for opposing polarness, usually NOT a settlement (no happy resolvement)
  8. policy making system:
    • how ppl's interests, concerns, problems influence the pol. issues
    • revolved around priorities of ppl
  9. linkage institutions
    • transmit ppls interests to policy makers in govt
    • EX/ elections, pol. parties, interest grps, media
  10. policy agenda
    • issues that need SERIOUS attention to public officials
    • Voters see if their p.a. matches with politicians' P.a.
    • many = negative,
  11. political issue
    ppl disagree about problem, or gov't needs to connect a problem
  12. policy making institutions
    • take action on pol. issues
    • A. congress
    • B. Presidency
    • C. courts
    • D. Bureaucracy
  13. public policy
    • decisions gov't makes in response to pol. issues
    • inaction and action are both influential
  14. democracy
    system of selecting policy makers and of organizing gov't to REFLECT PPL
  15. 5 requirements for Democracy
    • 1. voting = equal & representative
    • 2. equal levels of participation
    • 3. free speech and press (for civic understanding)
    • 4. ppl in charge of what govt chooses to face
    • 5. extend rights to all ppl
  16. majority rule
    will of over 1/2 voters should be followed
  17. minority rights
    • principle of traditional democratic theory
    • 1. guaranteed rights even if not in Maj.
    • 2. can join Maj. thru persuasion and reasoned argument
  18. contemporary theory of democracy #1
    PLURALIST theory
    • groups w/same interest INFLUENCE public policy w/ concerns thru organized efforts
    • portrays pol. = competition amongst grps
    • every grp may prevail thru bargaining and compromise
    • PRO: ppl able to make opinion audible
    • CON: technology isolates ppl
  19. elite and class theory
    • upper elite class will rule
    • are policy makers
    • corporate giants have power
  20. hyperpluralism
    many grps TOO powerful, gov't = servant, policies= contradictory
  21. Fed. papers
    • By JJ, JM, AH
    • to convince NY to ratify this constitution
  22. federalism
    • 2 levels of govt have formal authority over same area of land
    • PROS:
    • > opportunities for pol. participation
    • > diversity of opinion
  23. National Powers
    • C- Declare war
    • C- coin $
    • Pr.- foreign relations
  24. Concurrent
    • tax
    • borrow $
    • spend $
    • est. state courts
    • make and enforce laws
    • charter banks
  25. Dual lim. fed. power
    emphasizes 10

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