prefixes

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Author:
pinkieso8
ID:
100699
Filename:
prefixes
Updated:
2011-09-09 10:50:36
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prefixes
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prefix cards
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  1. a-, an-
    without, not

    • aseptic-free of infection
    • anoxia-lack of oxygen
  2. ab-
    away from

    abduct-to move away from midline
  3. ad-
    to, toward

    adduct-to move toward the midline
  4. auto-
    self

    autoimmunity-an immune response to one's own body tissue
  5. brady-
    slow

    • bradycardia-slow heart rate
    • bradypnea-slow respiratory rate
  6. dys-
    abnormal, difficult, painful

    • dysmenorrhea-painful menstruation
    • dysgenesis-abnormal formation of an organ
  7. ecto-
    outside

    ectopic pregnancy-pregnancy outside the uterus
  8. endo-
    within

    • endotracheal-within the trachea
    • endogenous-growing or originating from within the body
  9. epi-
    above

    epigastric-above the stomach
  10. eryth/r/o
    red

    • erythrocyte-red blood cell (RBC)
    • erythema-redness of the skin
  11. Ex/o-
    out (of)

    • excise-remove surgically
    • exogenous-growing or originating outside of the body
  12. extra-
    outside; in addition to

    extracellular-outside of the cell
  13. hyper-
    high, excessive

    hypertension-high blood pressure
  14. hypo-
    low, decreased

    hypoglycemia-low blood sugar
  15. inter-
    between

    interstitial-between the cells
  16. intra-
    within

    intracranial-within the skull
  17. iso-
    equal, same

    isothermal-having the same temperature
  18. macro-
    large

    macrocyte-abnormally large erythroctye
  19. mal-
    bad, poor

    malnutrition-poor nutrition
  20. mega/lo-
    large, huge

    • megalocyte-extremely large erythrocyte
    • megacolon-abnormal dialtion of the colon
  21. micro-
    small; one millionth

    microcytic-pertaining to a smaller than normal cell
  22. pan-
    all

    • pandemic-presence of a disease in most of a population
    • pancytopenia-decreased RBCs, white blood cells WBCs, and platelets
  23. poly-
    many

    polydactyly-having extra fingers or toes
  24. retro-
    behind, backward

    retroperitoneal-behind the peritoneum
  25. supra-
    above

    suprapubic-above the pubis
  26. tachy-
    fast

    tachypnea-rapid respiratory rate

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