Musculoskeletal Intro

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Author:
lacythecoolest
ID:
100732
Filename:
Musculoskeletal Intro
Updated:
2011-09-09 15:14:31
Tags:
Therapeutics II
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Description:
68Q
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  1. 3 muscle tissue types
    Skeletal, smooth, and cardiac
  2. Dark myofilament bands
    Myosin
  3. Light myofilament bands
    Actin
  4. how many bones are in the adult human body?
    206
  5. What is the bone process at birth?
    Ossification, cartilage changing to hardened bones.
  6. Bones found in the arms and legs
    Long
  7. Bones found in the wrists and ankles
    Short
  8. Bones found in the skull and shoulder blades
    Flat
  9. Bones found in the face and vertebra
    Irregular
  10. Bone Shaft
    Diaphysis
  11. Enlarged end of a long bone
    Epiphysis
  12. Disc of cartilage separating the epiphysis from the diaphysis
    Epiphysis Plate
  13. Hollow cavity in the diaphysis of a long bone where yellow marrow is stored
    Medullary Cavity
  14. Tissue that produces blood cells
    Red bone marrow
  15. Membrane covering the outside of all bones
    Periosteum
  16. Spongy bone found in the ephiphysis and contains bone cells
    Cancellous Bone
  17. Bone builders, form a bone matrix that becomes enclosed as an osterocyte
    Osteoblasts
  18. Mature bone cells within the compact bone matrix. Maintain bone as living tissue and sustain daily bone.
    Osteocytes
  19. Large multinucleate cells that break down bone and play a role in mineral homeostasis
    Osteoclasts
  20. White fibrous connective tissue, cartilage, and bone
    Collagen
  21. Consists of Calcium and phosphate, weight-bearing strength
    Hydroxyapatite
  22. Necessary for collagen synthesis by the osteoblasts
    Vitamin C
  23. Necessary for the normal absorption of calcium from the intestines
    Vitamin D
  24. Junction between 2 or more bones where bones are connected together, aka articulations
    Joint
  25. Connective membrane that lines joints and produces a clear lubricating liquid
    Synovium
  26. A closed sac containing synovial fluid
    Bursa
  27. A group of collagen fibers connecting bone to bone
    Ligament
  28. Connect muscles to bone
    Tendons
  29. Consists of a single neuron and all muscle fibers that the neuron's branches innervate
    Motor Unit

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