S205 Nomenclature

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Jos
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100755
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S205 Nomenclature
Updated:
2011-10-07 17:55:22
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S205 OU organic chemistry nomenclature
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Organic chemistry nomenclature
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  1. Name the hydrocarbon.
    CH4
    methane
  2. Name the hydrocarbon substituent.
    CH3-
    methyl
  3. Name the hydrocarbon.
    CH3CH3
    ethane
  4. Name the hydrocarbon substituent.
    C2H5-
    ethyl
  5. Name the hydrocarbon.
    CH3CH2CH3
    propane
  6. Name the hydrocarbon substituent.
    C3H7-
    propyl
  7. Name the hydrocarbon.
    CH3(CH2)2CH3
    butane
  8. Name the hydrocarbon substituent.
    C4H9-
    butyl
  9. Name the hydrocarbon.
    CH3(CH2)3CH3
    pentane
  10. Name the hydrocarbon substituent.
    C5H11-
    pentyl
  11. Name the hydrocarbon.
    CH3(CH2)4CH3
    hexane
  12. Name the hydrocarbon substituent.
    C6H13-
    hexyl
  13. Name the hydrocarbon.
    CH3(CH2)5CH3
    heptane
  14. Name the hydrocarbon substituent.
    C7H15-
    heptyl
  15. Name the hydrocarbon.
    CH3(CH2)6CH3
    octane
  16. Name the hydrocarbon substituent.
    C8H17-
    octyl
  17. Name the hydrocarbon.
    CH3(CH2)7CH3
    nonane
  18. Name the hydrocarbon substituent.
    C9H19-
    nonyl
  19. Name the hydrocarbon.
    CH3(CH2)8CH3
    decane
  20. Name the hydrocarbon substituent.
    C10H21-
    decyl
  21. Name the hydrocarbon.

    benzene
  22. Name the hydrocarbon substituent.
    C6H5-
    phenyl
  23. Name the hydrocarbon.
    toluene
  24. Name the hydrocarbon substituent.
    C6H5CH2-
    benzyl
  25. Name the hydrocarbon.
    cyclohexane
  26. Name the hydrocarbon substituent.
    C6H11-
    cyclohexyl
  27. Name this functional group and its suffix and prefix.

    • carboxylic acid
    • Suffix: -oic acid
    • Prefix: carboxy-
  28. Name this functional group and its suffix.

    • acid anhydride
    • Suffix: - oic anhydride (no prefix)
  29. Name this functional group:

    ester
  30. Name the suffix of this ester.

    methyl -oate

    The group attached to the single bonded oxygen is given as a separate word before the -oate part and the R group gives the stem. The stem includes the carbon attached to the 2 oxygens. For example, if R= CH3CH2CH2- , then it would be called methyl butanoate.
  31. Name the prefix for this ester.

    • carbo(meth)oxy-
    • or
    • (meth)oxycarbonyl-

    'meth' represents the group attached to the single bonded oxygen atom - methyl in this example.
  32. Name the functional group and its suffix and prefix.

    • amide
    • suffix: -amide
    • prefix: carbamoyl-
  33. Name the functional group and its suffix and prefix.

    • acid chloride
    • Suffix: -oyl chloride
    • Prefix: chlorocarbonyl-
  34. Name the functional group and its suffix and prefix.

    • nitrile or cyanide
    • Suffix: -nitrile
    • Prefix: cyano-
  35. Name the functional group and its suffix and prefix.

    • aldehyde
    • Suffix: -al
    • Prefix: formyl-
  36. Name the functional group and its suffix and prefix.

    • ketone
    • Suffix: -one
    • Prefix: oxo-
  37. Name the functional group and its suffix and prefix.

    • alcohol
    • Prefix: -ol
    • Suffix: hydroxy-
  38. Name the functional group and its suffix and prefix.

    • amine
    • Prefix: -amine
    • Suffix: amino-
  39. Name the functional group and its suffix and prefix.

    • alkene
    • Suffix: -ene
    • Prefix: -en- (in middle of name)
  40. Name the functional group and its suffix and prefix.

    • alkyne
    • Suffix: -yne
    • Prefix: -yn- (in middle of name)
  41. Name the functional group and its prefix.

    • ether
    • Prefix: methoxy- (meth from the group attached to O, name of R will follow)
  42. Name the functional group and its Prefix.

    • bromide
    • Prefix: bromo-
  43. Name the functional group and its prefix.

    • chloride
    • Prefix: chloro-
  44. Name the functional group and its prefix.

    • fluoride
    • Prefix: fluoro-
  45. Name the functional group and its prefix.

    • iodide
    • Prefix: iodo-
  46. Name the functional group and its prefix.

    • nitro compound
    • Prefix: nitro-
  47. Name the molecule.

    5-ethyl-2-methyldecane
  48. Name this molecule.

    2,5-dimethylheptane
  49. Name the molecule.

    3-methylhexane
  50. Name the molecule.

    cyclopentane
  51. Name the molecule.

    ethylcyclopentane
  52. Name the molecule.

    2-bromophenol
  53. Name the molecule.

    hept-2-ene
  54. Name the molecule.

    pentan-2-ol
  55. Name the molecule.

    3,5,7-trimethyloct-1-ene
  56. Name the molecule.

    4-chlorohept-2-ene
  57. Name the molecule.

    hexanal
  58. Name the molecule.

    2-methylnonan-3-one
  59. Name the molecule.

    1-bromo-5,5-dichlorohexane
  60. Name the functional group.

    acetal

    2 single bonded oxygen atoms attached to the same carbon (R' ≠ H according to IUPAC Gold Book)
  61. Draw an acetal functional group.
  62. Name the functional group.

    imine
  63. Draw an imine functional group.
  64. Name the functional group.

    oxime.

    (An imine when the group attached to N is OH.)
  65. Draw an oxime functional group.

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