S205 Nomenclature

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  1. Name the hydrocarbon.
    CH4
    methane
  2. Name the hydrocarbon substituent.
    CH3-
    methyl
  3. Name the hydrocarbon.
    CH3CH3
    ethane
  4. Name the hydrocarbon substituent.
    C2H5-
    ethyl
  5. Name the hydrocarbon.
    CH3CH2CH3
    propane
  6. Name the hydrocarbon substituent.
    C3H7-
    propyl
  7. Name the hydrocarbon.
    CH3(CH2)2CH3
    butane
  8. Name the hydrocarbon substituent.
    C4H9-
    butyl
  9. Name the hydrocarbon.
    CH3(CH2)3CH3
    pentane
  10. Name the hydrocarbon substituent.
    C5H11-
    pentyl
  11. Name the hydrocarbon.
    CH3(CH2)4CH3
    hexane
  12. Name the hydrocarbon substituent.
    C6H13-
    hexyl
  13. Name the hydrocarbon.
    CH3(CH2)5CH3
    heptane
  14. Name the hydrocarbon substituent.
    C7H15-
    heptyl
  15. Name the hydrocarbon.
    CH3(CH2)6CH3
    octane
  16. Name the hydrocarbon substituent.
    C8H17-
    octyl
  17. Name the hydrocarbon.
    CH3(CH2)7CH3
    nonane
  18. Name the hydrocarbon substituent.
    C9H19-
    nonyl
  19. Name the hydrocarbon.
    CH3(CH2)8CH3
    decane
  20. Name the hydrocarbon substituent.
    C10H21-
    decyl
  21. Name the hydrocarbon.

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    benzene
  22. Name the hydrocarbon substituent.
    C6H5-
    phenyl
  23. Name the hydrocarbon.
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    toluene
  24. Name the hydrocarbon substituent.
    C6H5CH2-
    benzyl
  25. Name the hydrocarbon.
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    cyclohexane
  26. Name the hydrocarbon substituent.
    C6H11-
    cyclohexyl
  27. Name this functional group and its suffix and prefix.

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    • carboxylic acid
    • Suffix: -oic acid
    • Prefix: carboxy-
  28. Name this functional group and its suffix.

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    • acid anhydride
    • Suffix: - oic anhydride (no prefix)
  29. Name this functional group:

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    ester
  30. Name the suffix of this ester.

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    methyl -oate

    The group attached to the single bonded oxygen is given as a separate word before the -oate part and the R group gives the stem. The stem includes the carbon attached to the 2 oxygens. For example, if R= CH3CH2CH2- , then it would be called methyl butanoate.
  31. Name the prefix for this ester.

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    • carbo(meth)oxy-
    • or
    • (meth)oxycarbonyl-

    'meth' represents the group attached to the single bonded oxygen atom - methyl in this example.
  32. Name the functional group and its suffix and prefix.

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    • amide
    • suffix: -amide
    • prefix: carbamoyl-
  33. Name the functional group and its suffix and prefix.

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    • acid chloride
    • Suffix: -oyl chloride
    • Prefix: chlorocarbonyl-
  34. Name the functional group and its suffix and prefix.

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    • nitrile or cyanide
    • Suffix: -nitrile
    • Prefix: cyano-
  35. Name the functional group and its suffix and prefix.

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    • aldehyde
    • Suffix: -al
    • Prefix: formyl-
  36. Name the functional group and its suffix and prefix.

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    • ketone
    • Suffix: -one
    • Prefix: oxo-
  37. Name the functional group and its suffix and prefix.

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    • alcohol
    • Prefix: -ol
    • Suffix: hydroxy-
  38. Name the functional group and its suffix and prefix.

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    • amine
    • Prefix: -amine
    • Suffix: amino-
  39. Name the functional group and its suffix and prefix.

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    • alkene
    • Suffix: -ene
    • Prefix: -en- (in middle of name)
  40. Name the functional group and its suffix and prefix.

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    • alkyne
    • Suffix: -yne
    • Prefix: -yn- (in middle of name)
  41. Name the functional group and its prefix.

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    • ether
    • Prefix: methoxy- (meth from the group attached to O, name of R will follow)
  42. Name the functional group and its Prefix.

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    • bromide
    • Prefix: bromo-
  43. Name the functional group and its prefix.

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    • chloride
    • Prefix: chloro-
  44. Name the functional group and its prefix.

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    • fluoride
    • Prefix: fluoro-
  45. Name the functional group and its prefix.

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    • iodide
    • Prefix: iodo-
  46. Name the functional group and its prefix.

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    • nitro compound
    • Prefix: nitro-
  47. Name the molecule.

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    5-ethyl-2-methyldecane
  48. Name this molecule.

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    2,5-dimethylheptane
  49. Name the molecule.

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    3-methylhexane
  50. Name the molecule.

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    cyclopentane
  51. Name the molecule.

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    ethylcyclopentane
  52. Name the molecule.

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    2-bromophenol
  53. Name the molecule.

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    hept-2-ene
  54. Name the molecule.

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    pentan-2-ol
  55. Name the molecule.

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    3,5,7-trimethyloct-1-ene
  56. Name the molecule.

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    4-chlorohept-2-ene
  57. Name the molecule.

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    hexanal
  58. Name the molecule.

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    2-methylnonan-3-one
  59. Name the molecule.

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    1-bromo-5,5-dichlorohexane
  60. Name the functional group.

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    acetal

    2 single bonded oxygen atoms attached to the same carbon (R' ≠ H according to IUPAC Gold Book)
  61. Draw an acetal functional group.
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  62. Name the functional group.

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    imine
  63. Draw an imine functional group.
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  64. Name the functional group.

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    oxime.

    (An imine when the group attached to N is OH.)
  65. Draw an oxime functional group.
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Author
ID
100755
Card Set
S205 Nomenclature
Description
Organic chemistry nomenclature
Updated
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