OT ch 3 pt 2

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OT ch 3 pt 2
2011-09-09 18:48:12
OT pt

OT ch 3 pt 2
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  1. chemotherapy
    treatment that uses drugs
  2. cytologist
    a scientist who studies cell structure and function
  3. cytology
    the field of study concerned with the structure and funtction of cells
  4. histologist
    a scientist who studies or identifies tiddues
  5. histology
    the study of tissues
  6. oncologist
    a physician who specializes in the treatment of cancer
  7. oncology
    the study of tumors
  8. palloative therapy
    treatmentto reduce the intensity of painful symptoms without producing a cure
  9. radiotherapy
    treatment of cancer that uses radioactive materials
  10. chemotherapeutics
    destroy the metabolically active cells on the principle that cancer cells are more metabolically active than most healthy cells
  11. hormone therapy agents
    prvent the growth, spread, and recurrence of certain glandular cancers such as breast cancer
  12. biological agents
    boost the immune response against cancer cells by triggering the bodys defense mechanisms
  13. adeno-ca
  14. CA
  15. Mets
  16. St
    stage (of cancer development)
  17. TNM
    tumor, node, metastasis
  18. anaplasia
    a loss of structural organization in a tissue that is permanent
  19. dysplasia
    abnormal tissue development
  20. hyperplasia
    an increase in the number of cells in a tissue, other than by tumor development
  21. metastasis
    the spreading of cancer cells from the primary tumor
  22. remission
    improvement or absense of signs of disease
  23. positron emission tomography scan
    a diagnostic scan that employs computers and radioactive substances to examine the metabolic activity of various parts of the body and to create color coded images
  24. Prognosis
    a forecast of the probable cause or outcome of a disease
  25. ultrasound
    a diagnostic procedure in which harmless sound waves are pulsated through body tissue: the pulse echoes are converted into images of internal body structures by computer
  26. computed axial tomography scan
    a diagnostic scan similar to x ray, in which data from beams of energized particles are computer intrepreted to produce a three dimensional cross-sectional slice or image of the body
  27. diagnosis
    the determination of the nature of a disease
  28. endoscopy
    a diagnostic procedure that involves a visual examination with an endoscope, which includes a camera, fiber optics, and a long flexible tube that can be inserted into the patient
  29. etiology
    study of the causes of disease
  30. examination
    an evaluation made for the purpose of diagnosis, by identifying physical evence of disease, such as signs and symptoms
  31. acute
    adjective that describes a disease of rapid onset, short duration, and often with a sharp, or severe effect
  32. chronic
    adjective that describes a disease of long duration, usually with a slow progression
  33. disease
    a state of the body in which homeostatis has faltered due to any cause
  34. iatrogenic
    adjective meaning a disease that is induced by medical treatment
  35. idiopathic
    adjective meaning a disease of unknown cause
  36. infection
    the invasion of multiplication of parasitic organisms within the body, such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi
  37. inflammation
    a response to a trauma, which is marked by the symptoms of redness, swelling, heat, and pain
  38. sequelae
    conditions following and resulting from a disease
  39. trauma
    a wound or injury
  40. fever
    a symptom in which body temperature rises aboce the normal (98.6)
  41. pain
    an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience tha tis associated with tissue damage
  42. sensation
    a feeling or mental experience of percieving any stimulus
  43. sign
    an abnormality that is discoverable by an objective examination
  44. symptom
    an appearance or sensation, experienced by a patient, that deviates from the normal, healthy state
  45. proximal
    pertaining near to a point of reference
  46. spinal cavity
    • the space inside the spinal column,
    • viscera include the spinal cord
  47. super, superior
    pertaining to above and to the side
  48. thoracic cavity
    • the space inside the chest or thorax
    • viscera include heart, aorta, lungs, esophagus, bronchi
  49. thoracic region
    • the region of the body pertaining to the chest
    • also called the chest region or thorax
  50. anaTOMical position
    • the body position that is used as a reference for directional terms
    • it is an erect posture with the arms at the sidesm palms of the hands faving forward, and legs together with the feet poiting forward
  51. anaTOMy
    the science of body structure
  52. umbilic
    the area of the abdomen that contains the navel
  53. ventral
    adjective meaning pertaining to the belly
  54. ventral cavity
    contains the thoravic, abdominal, and pelvic cavities