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What is health?
- Combined physical, mental, spiritual, intellectual and social well being.
- Not just lack of sickness.
Health is subject to...
- constant change:
What is wellness?
Overall state of well being, total health.
Your choices affect your health like
not using proper safety equipment can result in injury.
Some habits effect a person's overall health, these are:
- -8-10 hours of sleep
- -healthy breakfast
- -Eating a variety of nutritious foods
- -physically active for at least 30 min three times a week
- -Maintaining healthy weight
- -Avoiding tobacco, alcohol and other drugs
- -Managing stress
- -maintaing positive relationships
- -practiving safe behaviors
Key to wellness:
Prevention: practicing safe habits to remaing free of diease and injury
What can be used for prevention?
- Safety equipment:
- -avoiding unsafe areas
- -thinking ahead
- -staying happy and confident with who you are
What is health education?
The providing of accurate health information to help people make healthy choices.
What is the goal of health education?
To show people how much better a healthy lifestyle is.
WHat is the health continuium?
Balancing physical, spiritual, intellectual, emotional and social health.
Thinking positively of yourself, others, and the environment.
Choice: we have a choice to be healthy, in order to maintain constant health you must preservere, believe in self and choices.
WHat is health literacy?
A person's capability to leatn about and understand the basic info and serveses and use these resources to promote his/her health and wellness.
What can health literates do?
Access resources from home, school, and the community that provide valid health information
Define a critical thinker/ problem solver?
A responsible person that knows what healhy choices to make.
Define a responsible productive citizen
A healthy person that tries to spread and help others to be healthy
Define a self directed learner
Someone who has very strong health knowledge from internet/media
Define an Effective communicator
Someone able to express health knowledge in a variety of ways.
What are the two main goals of healthy people 2010?
-Increase quality years of health for all Americans
-Remove health differences resulf from factors such as gender, race, education, diability and location.
What do families, indiviguals,and communities have to do to reach this wellness?
- Work together to
- -get well to improve their comminities
- -take charge of their own health
- -Indiviguals can take an active role in their own health
- -families mucst shape attitudes and beliefs to improve health
WHy should you care about health?
- -2 trillion is spent on health care per year.
- -Good health allows you to fell good and enjoy life
- -choices/ decicions you make today will affect your health now and in the future
Define physical health
How well your body functions.
WHen you have good health your body has enough energy to...
- -perform daily activities
- -cope with everyday challenges and stresses
- -Resist disease
- -avoid injury
What are some things you do if you have/want good physical health?
- -pay attention to what you put in your body
- -drink enough water
Define mental/emotional health
- -Feelings about yourself
- -How well you meet demands of daily life
- -Ability to process information
What are some examples of Mental/Emotional health?
- -Keep positive
- -Enjoy challenges
- -In touce with feelings
- -Express themselves appropriately
- -Avoid dwelling on on negitive thoughts
- -see positive in difficult situations
Define social health.
The way you get along with others.
What are some examples of social health?
- -ability to make and keep friends
- -ability to work and play incoroperative ways
- -communicating well
- -seeking and lending support when necessary
- -showing respect and care for yourself and others.
Define intellectual health
ability to think and learn from experience, open to new ideas, ability to question and evaluate info.
What are some examples of intellecutal health?
- -Utilization of human resources and learning resources to expand knowledge and improve skills
- -able to make decisions, set in realistic, yet challenging goals and figure out how to handle a problem.
- -Have desire to learn more and have an overall interest in what is going on around us.
Define spiritual health.
- -unique to each person
- -"spirit" refers to deepest part of you that lets you make meaning of the world.
- -"Spirit" provides you with the sense of who you are, why you're here and what your purpose of living is. Allows you to gain strength and hope.
- -Not much thought of but it's impact on life is unavoidable
- -Basis is discovering sense of meaningfulness in your life and coming to know that you have a purpose to fulfill.
What are some influences on your health?
What is heredity?
- -All traits that are passed biologically to you by your parents
- -Inheriting some genes may put you at risk for some dieases; requiring you to take steps to reduce that risk and manage the illness.
- -other genes can strengthen reisitance to dieases
- -Important that you learn to evaluate how your genetics and health choices can tribute to diease
- -Sum of your surroundings
- -Peers, postive or negitive
- -Collective beliefs, customs, and behaviors. (language, foods, traditions)
- -Provides you with a sense of identity.
The way you view situations.
-Can reduce risk of dieases (don't have to follow in family's footsteps)
- -Radio, TV, internet, books
- -False or exaggerate information
- -Advancements in screenings and treatments for diease.
- -Keep air, land and water clean
- -Replaced many physical activites.
What are risk behaviors?
Actions that can potentially threathen your health or the health of others.
What are some examples of risk behviors?
- not using:
- -protective eye gear
Define acumulative risk
Related risk that increases in effect with each added risk.
What are some examples of a cumulative risks?
- -Occasional bad behviors won't kill you, but if these bad behviors are repeated overtime the negitive effects acculmulate and lead to serious consequences.
- -Also includes the combination of risk factors
Define health skills
- -Life skills
- -specific tools and strategies that help maintain, protect and improve all aspects of your health
Define interpersonal communications skills.
- -Part of health skills
- -Exchange of thoughts, feelings and beilefs between two ordinary people.
- -Effective communication skills for building and maintaining health relationships, such as:
- -Clearly say what you mean
- -"i" messages (I think that...)
- -Pay attention to how you say something
- -Verbal and non-verbal communication
- -Be a good listner
- -Lack of communication skills has been reported as the primary defiency of today's workers.
- -Communication breakdown is the major factor in marriage and family problems.
Define refusal skills
Stratigies that can help you say no in pressure stituations.
What are the 5 refusal stratigies?
- 1. say No in a firm voice.
- 2. Explain why
- 3. Suggest alternatives
- 4. Use appropriate body language
- 5. Leave if necessary.