hw 8 & 9

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studysuccess
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100922
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hw 8 & 9
Updated:
2011-09-17 18:09:23
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hw 8 & 9
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  1. starting from the center and moving outward in ever winding circles
    concentric circles
  2. EMLA is
    a eurectic (easily melted) mixture of local anesthetic
  3. no food or drink except water for 8-12 hours
    fasting
  4. covering or cap of needle
    needle sheath
  5. nothing by mount
    NPO
  6. to examine by feel
    palpate
  7. state of being freely open
    patiency
  8. backflow of blood from the tube into the vein during draw
    reflux
  9. measured to detect and monitors diabetes. abnormal levels can cause confusion, seizures or coma or lead to peripheral neuropathy
    glucose
  10. test used to detect inflammation; identify collagen vascular diseases
    ESR
  11. test used to determine hemoglobin levels, detect infection and identify blood disorders
    CBC
  12. test used to determine sodium and potassium levels critical to proper nervous system function
    electrolytes
  13. identify 2 minerals associated with seizures and uscle problems when their levels are abnormal
    calcium/ magnesium
  14. H & H is
    hemoglobin and hematocrit drawn in lavender tube
  15. catheter placed in an arterym most commonly the radial are called a/an
    A-line (arterial line)
  16. surgical joining of an artery and vein is called
    AV shunt/ fistula/graft
  17. what are other names for and AV shunt
    arteriovenous shunt is also a fistula or graft
  18. resting metabolic state of the body early in the morning after a 12 hour fast
    basal state
  19. product of broken RBC's
    bilirubin
  20. CVAD stands for
    central vascular access device or indwelling line
  21. CVC stands fof
    central venous catheter or central venous line
  22. 2 terms for "happening daily"
    cercadian/diurnal
  23. abnormal accumulation of fluid in the tissue
    edema
  24. blood loss to the point where life cannot be sustained
    exsanguination
  25. swelling or masss of blood caused bu leaking from a blood vessel
    hematoma
  26. destruction of RBCs and release of hemoglobin into serum or plasma
    hemolysis
  27. catheter with stopcock or cap for delivering medication or drawing blood is called a
    heparin/saline lock
  28. iatrogenict
    erm used to describe an adverse condition due to the effects of treatment
  29. icteric
    term used to describe a specimen marked by jaundice
  30. icterus, a condition characterized by increased bilirubin
    jaundice
  31. condition of increased lipid content in the blood
    lipemia
  32. stoppage or obstruction of normal lymph flow
    lymphostais
  33. tiny, nonraised red spots appearing on patient's skin
    petechiae
  34. PICC
    peripherally inserted central catheter
  35. clotted, or denoting a vessel containing a cot
    thrombosed
  36. relating to the action of a particular nerve on blood vessels
    vasovagal
  37. backflow of blood into the vein during benipuncture
    reflux
  38. stagnation or stoppage of normal blood flow
    venoustasis
  39. crying increases levels of
    WBC count
  40. creatinine clearance decreases with
    age
  41. dehydration increases levels of
    RBC count
  42. elevated levels are related to jaundice
    bilirubin
  43. fatty foods increase levels of
    lipids
  44. fever causes levels to increase
    insulin
  45. increases with altitube
    RBC count
  46. levels normally peak around 0800
    cortisol
  47. from steroid use increases levels of
    plasma renin
  48. what behavior may increase levels of cholesterol, cortisol, glucose, growth hormone, and triglyceride, and WBC's?
    smoking
  49. CK levels stay increased 24 hours after
    exercise
  50. according to CAP, drugs that interfere with blood tests should be stopped
    48 to 72 hours prior to test
  51. what visible marker in a fasting test would indicate the PT didn't fast
    cloudy white serum
  52. a lok under the skin between the wrist and elbow, w/buzzing sensation indicates
    an AV graft
  53. 1st thing you do if a patient starts to faint during a draw
    release the tourniquet and remove the needle
  54. the color pink to red in serum or plasma indicates
    hemolyzed specimen
  55. what tube color would hemolyze if underfilled
    grey

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