Surgical assisting

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Surgical assisting
2011-09-11 19:00:22

term 3 part 1
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  1. Autoclave tape with black stripeson the outside of a surgical pack indicates:
    steam reached the outside of the pack.
  2. Ethylene Oxide is used for:
    sterilizing rubber and plastic items.
  3. A fenestrated drape:
    Has a hole in it.
  4. What is the proper order of instrument care?
    Soak, scrub, lubricate, autoclave.
  5. What is the most common method of sterilization in the veterinary hospital?
    Steam under pressure.
  6. Sanitation will:
    Reduce germs to a safe number.
  7. The difference between a disinfectant and an antiseptic is:
    Antiseptics are intended for use on live tissue.
  8. Which chemical is considered a carcinogen, highly allergenic and is used for preservation of pathology specimens?
  9. Betadine is an example of:
    A povidone-iodine compound.
  10. Which instument is not routinely autoclaved?
    scalpel blade.
  11. Which is the best method for sterilizing arthroscopic equipment prior to using it for orthopedic surgery?
  12. What is the minimum time, temperature and pressure will assure proper autoclaving?
    250 F, 30 min, 20 psi
  13. Which of the following would be classified as a contaminated wound?
    Facial abcess.
  14. Why do we leave the hinged instruments un-clamped when we autoclave them?
    Heat expansion of the metal will crack the hinged area.

    steam would not be able to penetrate the clamped hinged area.
  15. Why do we count sponges for packs?
    So we can count them after surgery and can tell if any were left in the patient.
  16. Patients undergoing cervical disc surgery should be placed in _____ recumbency.
  17. Onychectomy is removal of the ______
    Distal phalanges.
  18. Which of the following procedures should you always express the bladder of the patient?
    Feline OVH.
  19. Which of the following surgeries require positive pressure ventilation?
    Diaphragmatic hernia repair.
  20. The procedure for an OVH involves removal of the ____?
    Uterus and ovaries.
  21. Which of the following is the most common method used in hemostasis of large vessels?
    Clamping and ligation.
  22. Which of the following should be avoided as a final prep solution prior to electrosurgery?
  23. When removing sutures it is best to cut the suture:
    On one side of the knot.
  24. Which of the following is of least concern when evaluating an incision post-surgically?
    Clear discharge.
  25. Which of the following is a hand-held retractor?
  26. Which of the following means "separation of all the layers of the incision"?
    Wound dehiscence.
  27. Which of the following is not routine in preparation of an OVH?
    Clip/prep from the umbilicus to the xiphoid.
  28. The toweling procedure includes which of the following?
    Performed by a scrubbed-in team member.

    Secured w/towel forceps.

    Not adjusted once placed.

    Roll edge of towel over hands to prevent contamination.
  29. Electrocautery:
    Is used to coagulate blood flow from a cut vessel.
  30. Which of the following is a self-retaining retractor?
  31. which of the following areas are considered part of the sterile field during a sterile procedure if you are the circulating nurse?
    All sides of the surgery table including air space to the ceiling above the table.
  32. All of the following need to be on a pack prior to autoclaving except:
    number of instruments inside.
  33. Which of the following acts constitutes a break in sterility?
    Scrubbed assistant touches her own surgical mask.

    Circulating nurse removes a syringe from the case and hands it to the surgeon.
  34. Whats another term for celiotomy?
  35. The treatment area is most appropriate for which of the following procedures?
    Abscess treatment.
  36. Fluid for lavage should:
    Be neutral pH
  37. Which of the following is least likely to be usedin a canine castration?
  38. Which scissors are used for cutting suture during a surgery?