Unit 1 (Intro to Gen. 1-11)

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ht2lvu
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Unit 1 (Intro to Gen. 1-11)
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2011-09-20 22:38:52
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Old Testament
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  1. revelation
    • act of revealing
    • God's disclosure of himself to man
    • declares something about the character of God
  2. general revelation
    • nature, history, and human conscious
    • God reveals himself in his creation
  3. special revelation
    • God revealing himself through Christ & scripture
    • the heart of the father
  4. revealed theology
    the study of God
  5. Heilsgechicle or "Salvation History"
    revelation through history
  6. inspiration
    • internal motivation
    • "god-breathed"
    • supernatural move on humans
  7. scripture
    • authoritative
    • effective
    • inspired infallible
    • inerrant
  8. authoritive scripture
    needs to be believed
  9. effective scripture
    • nothing can withstand it
    • living and powerful
    • discerns thoughts and attitudes of the heart
    • makes one wise
    • teaches, reproves, corrects, and instructs
  10. inspired scripture
    God-breathed by the Holy Spirit
  11. infallible scripture
    • realiable, certain, and trustworthy
    • everything can be found
  12. inerrant scripture
    • without error
    • free from deceit
  13. dictation theory
    • fundamentalists
    • God dictated the exact words of scripture to human writers
    • disallows for the personality and style of the human writer
    • accounts for only part of the biblical evidence
  14. conceptual inspiration theory
    • biblical minimalists
    • god inspired only the thoughts of biblical writers
    • only the doctrinal teachings of scripture are reliable, not the historical details
    • people came up with it on their own
    • ineffective attempt to "explain away" what appear to be "errors" in the text
  15. soverbal plenary inspiration theory
    • evangelicals
    • inspiration of God extends to the whole of scripture in its entirety
    • includes the very words chosen by the biblical writers
    • Holy Spirit guides the process so that the finished product fauthfully reflects God's message
    • deals best with the biblical evidence
    • recognize the human element of scripture
    • affirms the Holy Spirit as the ultimate Author
  16. orgin of canon
    • Heb. "qaneh"
    • Greek "kanon"
    • literally "reed" or "rod" = measuring or rule or standard
  17. canon
    measuring standard for faith and practice
  18. total books of the Bible
    66
  19. total OT books
    39
  20. total NT books
    27
  21. canonicity
    inheritant quality of the text
  22. criteria for canonicity
    • 1. authoritative
    • 2. prophetic
    • 3. authentic
    • 4. dynamic
    • 5. received/accepted by the people of god for whom it was orginally written
  23. contents of OT canon
    • Pentateuch (Torah)- The Law
    • Historical Books
    • Poetical Books
    • Major Prophets
    • Minor Prophets
  24. pentateuch
    • genesis
    • exodus
    • levitivus
    • numbers
    • deutoronomy
  25. historical books
    • joshua
    • judges
    • ruth
    • 1 & 2 samuel
    • 1 & 2 kings
    • 1 & 2 chronicles
    • ezra
    • nehemiah
    • esther
  26. poetical book
    • job
    • pslams
    • probverbs
    • ecclesiastes
    • songs of solomon
  27. major prophets
    • isaiah
    • jeremiah
    • lementations
    • ezeikel
    • daniel
  28. minor prophets
    • hosea
    • joel
    • amos
    • obadiah
    • jonah
    • micah
    • nahum
    • habakkuk
    • zephaniah
    • haggai
    • zechariah
    • malachai
  29. Bible versions
    • Masoretic Text (Heb.)
    • Leningrad Codex A.D.
    • Dead Sea Scrolls (DSS)
    • Septuagint (LXX)
  30. Masoretic Text (MT)
    traditioned Heb. text of OT
  31. Dead Sea Scrolls (DSS)
    • discovered at Qumran (near Dead Sea), 1947
    • Dated from 2nd centry B.C. to 1st centry AD
  32. Septuagint (LXX)
    • greek translation of heb. OT
    • translated between 3rd & 2nd centuries BC
    • bible of Jews & Apostles
  33. hermeneutics
    • art and science of interpretation
    • goal: burning hearts
    • result: exegesis
  34. exegesis
    • to lead out
    • pulling the meaning out of the text
  35. eisegesis
    reading our ideas onto the Bible
  36. role of the interpreter
    • recognize the Bible as God's word
    • commune with the Holy Spirit (authors)
  37. The Grammatical- Historical Method
    • 1. understand the context
    • 2. determine the genre
    • 3. interpret figurative language
    • 4. let scripture interpret scripture
    • 5. discover the life application
  38. understand the context
    • immediate context (ch. and v.)
    • remote context (entire book)
    • historical and geo-political context
    • socio-cultural context
  39. determine the genre
    • historical narrative
    • law: God giving law
    • prophecyL prophets speaking on behalf of God
    • poetry
    • apocalyptic: end times
  40. interpret figurative language
    • idioms (figures of speech)
    • phenomenological language (expressing thoughts as we see them)
  41. imago dei
    made in image of God
  42. God gave humanity skill and authority to...
    • work and create life
    • subdue and rule
  43. purpose of humanity being made up of male and female
    • mutual authority & mutual responsibility
    • mutual bearers of the imago dei
    • only reflect God's image when together
  44. how is the unity of humanity demonstrated
    • biblically
    • psychologically
    • spiritually
  45. how the unity of humanity was demonstrated psychologically
    adam was lonely & couldn't find a mate but was relieved when God gave Eve
  46. how the unity of humanity was demonstrated spiritually
    were walking together with God
  47. What wasn't good about God's creation?
    It was "not good" when man was alone
  48. marriage
    • when intimatly sexual you are bonded
    • mutual partners for life
    • vulnerably without shame and fear
  49. how creation should be interpreted
    • 1. cosmic
    • 2. shift to earth
    • 3. human perspective
  50. What are the old earth theories?
    • age-day theory (concordism)
    • progressive creationism
    • religious-only theory
    • pictorial-day theory
    • theistic evolution
  51. creationism
    creation is a fact because the bible declares it
  52. age-day theory (concordism)
    • days of Genesis were not 24 hour periods
    • days were geological ages or time period
    • provides enough time for historic record
    • "yom"
    • pushes meaning of day
  53. yom
    • Heb. day
    • represents undetermined peiord
  54. progressive creationism
    • stresses progressive nature of creative process over period of time
    • taking order in Genesis literally
    • days of various lengths but are parallel
    • provides enough time for historic record but pushes meaning of day in creation narrative (literal meaning of day)
  55. religious-only theory
    • Genesis provides only general account (not true, just God)
    • science articulates how
    • resolves time prob & gives biblical text proper theological place
  56. pictorial-day theory
    • creation was revealed in 6 days than length of time
    • assigning days to personal revelation
    • pushes text
  57. theistic evolution
    • selection of species (Darwin) guided by God in eternal plan
    • initiated process and it took its own course
  58. young-earth views
    • flood geology
    • the literalist view
    • pro-chronic view
    • gap theory
  59. flood geology
    • world-wide flood
    • fits with biblical data
    • if flood was not global this view would be impossible
  60. the literalist view
    • world created in literally 6 days
    • impossible considering history
  61. pro-chronic view
    • came into existence with age built into it
    • defies modern rules for gathering evidence
  62. gap theory
    • a little of both theories
    • gap between ancient creation of universe & of world
    • creative way to explain with science
  63. day one of creation
    • light
    • day and night
  64. day two of creation
    waters and sky
  65. day 3 of creation
    dry land and vegetation
  66. day 4 of creation
    sun, moon, and stars
  67. day 5 of creation
    sea creatures and birds
  68. day 6 of creation
    earth creatures and humans
  69. day 7 of creation
    rest
  70. rest
    never has an end
  71. Ancient near east creation myth
    • epic of atrahasis
    • 3 gods slay eachother and create humans
  72. fall
    • an act of disobedience to God committed by the earliest human beings
    • brought alienation, seperation from God, and death to all future generations
  73. interpretations of the fall
    • literal
    • metaphoric or symbolic
  74. literal interpretation of the fall
    • a physical fruit and serpent were involved
    • Eden had a geological location
  75. metaphoric symbolic interpretation of the fall
    teaches a truth by means of a story (parable)
  76. serpent
    • wild animal
    • not identified as Satan
    • imparts doubt and uses half truths
  77. response of humans
    • woman misquotes God's instruction
    • man remains silent, watching
    • humans disobey God
  78. sin nature
    • doctrine of original sin
    • potential to sin
    • propensity to sin
  79. doctrine of original sin
    • born in sin
    • guilty from start
  80. potential to sin
    • matter of choice
    • impossible to be completely good
  81. propensity to sin
    • have fallen nature not sinful nature
    • most likely to sin because we are that way
    • not guilty until actually commit sin
  82. what the fall means to humans
    • humans fall spiritually
    • God reveals himself & plan of redemption
    • physical death
  83. consequences of the fall to the serpent
    • protoevangelium
    • allusion to massage of Gospel
  84. consequences of the fall to the woman
    • dominated by man
    • sorrow and pain in childbearing
  85. consequences of the fall to the man
    • resisted by land
    • sorrow & pain in working for food
  86. results of the fall
    • gender
    • self
    • earth
    • life
    • god
  87. gender
    equal marriage to ruling over
  88. self
    unashamed to shameful
  89. earth
    perfect place to banashed
  90. sin
    • disobedience
    • missing the mark
  91. orgin of sin
    • a human act, not divine creation
    • God created free will, without which which love is impossible
  92. problem with Cain's offering
    Cain's heart
  93. consequences of Cain's sin
    • driven from the land
    • ground cursed for Cain
  94. name of the Lord
    • tetragrammaton
    • Yahweh
    • 1st sign of true prayer after the fall
  95. tetragrammaton
    • 4 letters of the Lord's name
    • Y-H-W-H
  96. structure of the genealogies
    formulaic structure
  97. Enoch
    • was unique
    • walked with God
    • was no more because God took him
  98. redemption in Christ
    • literally "to buy back,or exchange"
    • based on God's love for people
  99. substitutionary atonement
    • substituted us to pay for our sins
    • he became sin, we became righteousness
  100. justify
    seen just as if you've never sinned
  101. "sons of God"
    • angels and human women
    • God's people & pagan people
    • describes the righteous in the Bible
  102. angels & human women
    • material distinction
    • marriage between supernatural beings and mortals
    • angels in bible
  103. God's people and pagan people
    • theological distinction
    • marriage between godly and ungodly
    • Seth's descendents intermarry with Cain's descendents
  104. flood theories
    • global flood interpretation
    • local flood interpretation
  105. global flood interpretations
    • "all the world"-the entire planet
    • multiple flood stories around the world
    • worldwide distribution of flood debris
    • universal language of scripture
  106. local flood interpretation
    • "all the world" = all the known world
    • flood debris can't be linked to a single flood
    • could be product of ice age
    • amount of water needed = 8 times available water on Earth
  107. framing of Noahic covenant
    • promise of covenant with Noah
    • covenant with Noah
  108. Noahic covenant
    • "divine charter" covenant
    • meat without blood added to human diet
    • accountability to human life
    • commanded to be fruitful
    • God promised to never flood again
  109. sign of the Noahic covenant
    the rainbow
  110. lessons from the Tower of Babel
    • 1. pride & lust for power bring destruction (make name for self)
    • 2. There is power in unity
    • 3. God is setting the stage for His redemptive plan
  111. why God chose Noah
    • finds favor in God's eyes
    • righteous and blameless
    • walked with God
  112. how Noah knew
    • God warned Noah & tells him to build ark
    • dimensions of the ark
    • design of the ark
    • purpose of the ark
  113. purpose of the ark
    to save Noah and his family
  114. amount of animals brought on the ark
    • pair of every unclean animal
    • 7 pairs of every clean animal for eating and sacrifice
    • 7 pairs of every kind of bird
  115. how the earth flooded
    • 40 days and 40 nights
    • water flooded up and rain came down
  116. how long Noah was in the ark
    1 year and 1 day
  117. why Noah and his family were spared?
    God's mercy
  118. Ancient Near Eastern Flood Accounts
    • Eridu Genesis (Sumerian)
    • Gilgamesh Epic (Mesopotamia)
  119. ancient mesopotamia
    • the "land between rivers" (Tigris & Euphrates)
    • modern day Iraq
    • "cradle of civilization"
  120. succession of people in the Ancient Near East
    • Sumerians
    • Akkadians
    • Amorites
    • Assyrian
    • Babylonian
    • Persians
    • Greeks
  121. King Hammurabi
    • Amorite
    • wrote the famous Law Code of Hammurabi
  122. geography of Syria-Palestine
    • fertile crescent
    • levant
    • longitudinal zones
  123. longitudinal zones
    • the costal plains
    • the hill country
    • the jordan rift
    • the transjordanian highlands
  124. ancient near eastern religion
    • awareness of spiritual realm
    • polytheistic (many gods)
    • hostility between gods and humans
  125. family dynamics of ancient near eastern
    • patriarcal society
    • men dominated everything
    • father is absolute authority
    • mother oversees provisions and households
  126. ancient near eastern culture
    • ancient
    • eastern
    • changeless
    • agricultural
    • limited goods
    • community
  127. agriculture of ancient near eastern
    • life is sychronized with nature
    • must have access to land and nature
    • concept of time is general
  128. limited goods in ancient near eastern
    • provisions are limited & difficult to acquire
    • realities: raw resources, brutal warfare, slavery
  129. community of ancienty near eastern
    • communal life
    • not independent life
    • mutual identification
    • extended family solidarity
    • spatial solidarity

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