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Psychologist born in 1900, invented the two ideas of the self, as knower and as knowledge. Invented the idea of self-concept.
Stream of Consciousness?
flow of thoughts in the conscious mind, range of thoughts that one can be aware of.
It is “little people inside our head” basically a version of us and people around us that are created up of how we perceive ourselves and others.
- Created by Gordon Allport, they are the 7 senses of the self:
- Sense of Body (my foot is a part of me), Self-Identity (I’m separate from others), Self-esteem (I have value),
- Self-extension (I’m with them),
- Self-image (I know how others see me!),
- rational coping (I can think!),
- Propriate striving (I am what I make of myself).
Self as Knower?
includes stream of consciousness, and homunculus, it is the way we think and perceive people around us and ourselves.
Self as Known?
knowledge of one’s mental state, beliefs, desires, and sensations. How well you know yourself and what you want/like.
Who am I? Basically how you would describe yourself in a few sentences.
people determine their attitudes by observing their behaviors and concluding what attitudes must have caused them.
Where people tend to overestimate how much other people agree with them. People assume that their beliefs, feelings and desires are normal and other people naturally believe the same things as them.
Having a “Work” self, a “School” self, and a “family” self, basically it is all of the different personalities we have for different scenarios.
Someone has a large number of selves, and as a result when negative things happen to one, the other remaining selves aren’t affected nearly as much by the negative occurrence. Many non-overlapping selves.
Basically it says that people will retain information better when it relates to them, or is important to them.