History 311 Chapter 14.txt

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History 311 Chapter 14.txt
2011-09-11 19:29:50
History 311 Chapter 14

History 311 Chapter 14.txt
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  1. When did the Civil War End
    April 1865
  2. Emancipation of Proclamation
    January 1, 1863
  3. What happenened when the federal forces seized the Sea Islands off of the coast of South Carolina in Nov 1861
    Vast cotton plantations but with no planters. Slaves associated their slavery with cotton crops and decided to plant what ever they wanted. Sweet potatoes and corn. The government auctioned off the land to northern investors and hired the blacks as cotton pickers.
  4. What happened on Davis Bend?
    Mississippi plantations owned by Confederate President Jefferson Davis. Davis thought if he treated slaves humanly, it would be a model society. Ulysses S. Grant leased the land to the freedmen. By 1865 the freedmen established their own government and profited 160000 in cotton sales.
  5. What happened in the emancipation in Louisiana up to the mississippi vallet. 700,000 slaves
    Blacks were required to remain on their plantations working as laborers bound by 1 yr contracts.
  6. What did Lincoln issue in Dec 1963?
    Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction. Ten Percent Plan that intended southern state governments which pardoned all southerners and confederate officials that pledged loyalty to the Union and support emancipation.
  7. Wade-Davis Bill
    1864 a reconstruction program designed to punish confederate leaders and destroy the souths slavery. no amnesty to people who held slaves
  8. Thirteenth Amendment
    jan 1865 abolishing slavery offering no compensation to former slave owners.
  9. What is the Freedmans Bureau?
    relief agency providing emergency servics, building schools, and managing confiscated lands.
  10. Forty Ancres and a mule
    1865 William T Sherman issued Field order 15 400,000 acres of abandoned land along with a mule would be rented out
  11. Andrew Johnson
    assummed presidency after Lincoln. he opposed succession. April 1865. he spoke of punishing ex confederste leaders for treason. did not want black equality.
  12. Black codes
    to limit the civil and economic rights of freedmen and create an exploitable workforce. One code had a vagrancy, any freedman who hit the road was arrested and fined
  13. Fourteenth Amendment
    the gaurantor of individual civil rights. All persons born or naturalized in the US (freedmen) civil rights. Equal protection of the laws where they lived and all states not allowing rights to men and freedmen would lose representation in congress.
  14. carpetbaggers
    a term suggesting they were penniless adventurers who came south with all their possesions in a cheap suitcase or carpetbag intent on enriching themselves at the expense of the southerners. Reality was they were skilled and middle class
  15. scalawag
    the republican party contained a number of white southerners. they were considered traitors to their region and race.
  16. The Fifteenth Ammendment
    Passed 1869 ratified in 1870. The right of citizens of the us shall not be denied or abridged by the us or by any state on account of race, color or previous condition of servitude
  17. White Terrorist Associations
    1866 Klu Klux Klan, White Camelia, White Brotherhood. Carpetbaggers and scalawags targetted in violence. Enforcement acts in 1970 enforced rights and arrested of klans men.
  18. Horace Greenly
    editor of the New York Tribune, once a champion for slave rights, challenged Grant to the presidency by campaigning that blacks were worthless and the whites needed to be restored to the south
  19. The Panic of 1873
    had a deep impact on reconstructions. Banks and credit had failed.
  20. Who are redeemers?
    A new political class. Saviors of the south. redemption to the confederacy and the restoration of white supremacy
  21. Civil rights act of 1875
    provide equal access in public facilities such as schools and allow blacks to serve on juries. largely ignored. 1883 the supreme court ruled it unconstitutional.
  22. Rutherford B Hayes vs. Samuel Hayes
    Mardch 2, 1977 by a vote of 8 to 7 the commission awarded all 20 disputed electoral votes to Hayes. Hayes became president.
  23. The Lost Cause
    After 1877 the south went to the redemeers and prewar south
  24. Sharecropping
    The southern farmers had to give up farms and rent because of falling prices.
  25. Jim Crow
    in the late 1870-1880's southern political leaders began to create a social and legal system of segregation. named after the derogatory black character minstrel show
  26. Reconstruction overview
    the era began with full promise, 1870 fourteenth and fifteenth ammendments. The 'new south' mired mainly a small elite and left the rest in poverty, illiteracy snf inequality.