Annual march of temperature / annual temperature lag
Maximum solar radiation occurs in summer solstice. Maximum temperatures occur 1-2 months later. Lowest solar radiation occurs during winter solstice. Lowest temperatures ahppen 1-2 months later.
Latitude at 66 1/2 degrees N; the southern limit of the zone in the Sourthern Hemisphere that experiences a 24-hour period of sunlight and a 24-hour period of darkness at least once a year.
Arctic / Antarctic Zones
23 1/2 to 66 1/2 degrees North and South; Cool to cold summer; -60, -70, -80 degrees; 24 hours of daylight during summer and 24 hours of darkness during winter
position of Earth's orbit at farthest distance from the sun during each Earth revolution; July 4.
latitude at 66 1/2 degrees North; the southern limit of the zone in the Northern Hemisphere that experiences 24 hours of sunlight and 24 hours of darkness at least once a year
Amount of heat necessary to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water to 1 degree Celsius
Longtime average weather for an area
Scientific study of climates of Earth and their distribution
Transfer of heat within a body or between adjacent matter by means of internal molecular movement
Effect of landmasses on temperature to climate. Inland areas tend to experience extremes in temperatures
Process by which circulation is produced within an air mass or fluid body
Daily March of Temperature / Daily Temperature Lag
Solar radiation is maximum at noon but air temperature is highest 2-3 hours after noon.
Energy that comes from the sun; x-rays, gamma rays, uv light, visible light, infrared light, microwaves and radiowaves
One of two times each year when the position of the noon sun is overhead at the equator; day and night are equal in length worldwide; March 21-22, September 22-23
Shortest distance between nay two places on Earth
Shortwave radiation easily penetrates the atmosphere while longwave radiation is absorbed; thus, raising temperatures.
Line along the 180 degree meridian, where each day begins and ends; it is always a day later west of the line than east of the line
Line drawn on a map to connect all points with the same atmospheric pressure
Line on a map that connects points of equal precipitation
Line that connects points of equal temperature
Line on a map that connects points of equal value
Latent heat of condensation
Energy release in the form of heat, as water is converted from vapor to the liquid state
35-50 Miles. Decreasing air temperature with increasing altitude.
Northern/Southern Midlatitude Zone
from 23 1/2 to 66 1/2 degrees North and South; cool to cold winters; warm to hot summers.
Normal Lapse Rate
Average temperature cahnge with increasing or decreasing temperature in the troposphere. 3.5degrees F/1000 ft.
Tendency of the Earth's polar axis to remain parallel to itself at all positions in its orbit around the sun.
Position of the Earth at closest distance to sun during each Earth revolution; Jan 3
Plane of the Ecliptic
Plane of Earth's orbit around the sun and the apparent annual path of the sun along the stars
Each ray of sunlight has same amount of energy in it.
One of two times each year when the position of the noon sun is overhead at its farthest distance from the equator; this occurs when the sun is overhead at the Tropic of Cancer (June 21-22) and the Tropic of Capricorn (December 21-22)