Medical terminology

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Medical terminology
2011-09-11 22:14:41
chapter 15

urinary system
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  1. albuminuria/ protinuria
    presence of albumin in the urine; occurs in renal disease of in normal urine after heavy exercise
  2. anuria
    absence of urine formation
  3. bacteriuria
    presence of bacteria in urine
  4. dysuria
    painful urination
  5. enuresis
    to void urine; involuntary discharge of urine, most often refers to a lack or bladder control
  6. nocturnal enutesis
    bed wetting during sleep
  7. hematuria
    presence of blood in urine
  8. glucosuria
    presence of glucose (sugar) in urine
  9. incontinence
    involuntary discharge of urine of feces
  10. stress incontinence (SUI)
    involuntary discharge of urine at the time of cough, sneeze, and/or strained exercise
  11. ketonuria
    presence of ketone bodies in the urine
  12. ketone bodies/compounds
    acetone, beta-hydroxybutyric acid, and acetoacetic acis are products of metabolism that appear in the urine as a result of abnormal utilization of carbohydrates; seen in uncontolled diabetes and starvation
  13. nocturia
    urination at night
  14. oliguria
    scanty production of urine
  15. polyuria
    condition of excessive urination
  16. pyuria
    presence of white cells in the urine, usually indicating infection
  17. urinary retention
    retention of urine owing to the inability to void (urinate) naturally because of spasm, obstruction, etc
  18. adult polycystic kidney disease (APKD)
    inherited condition of multiple cysts that gradually form in the kidney, causing destruction of normal tissue that leads to renal failure- diagnosed in adults presenting hypertension, kidney enlargement, and recurrent urinary tract infections
  19. glomerulonephritis
    form of nephritis involving glomerulus
  20. hydronephrosis
    dilation and pooling of urine in the renal pelvis and calyces of one or both kidneys caused by an obstruction in the outflow of urine
  21. nephritis
    inflammation of the kidneys
  22. pyelonephritis
    inflammation of the renal pelvis
  23. nephrosis
    degenerative disease of the renal tubules
  24. nephrolithiasis
    presence of renal stone or stones caused by a mineral buildup in the kidneys- most commonly as a result of hyperuricuria (excessive amount of uric acid in urine) or hypercalciuria (excessive amount of calcium in the urine)
  25. cystitis
    inflammation of the bladder
  26. urethritis
    inflammation of the urethra
  27. urethrocystitis
    inflammation of the urethra and bladder
  28. utrethral stenosis
    narrowing condition of the urethra
  29. urinary tract infection (UTI)
    invasion of pathogenic organisms (commonly bacteria) in the structures of the urinary tract, especially the urethra and bladder, symptoms include dysuria, urinary frequency, and malaise
  30. uremia/azotemia
    excess of urea and other nitrogenous waste in the blood as a result of kidney failure