Chapter 12

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  1. Great Famine
  2. Black Death
    bubonic and pneumonic plague spread by rats (fleas)
  3. buba
    boil (side effect of bubonic plague)
  4. flagellants
    groups of extremists that whipped, scourged and inflicted self-mutilation as punishment for their sins. These extremists believed God was punishing them by inflicting the Black Death (bubonic plague)
  5. Crecy
    battlesite in northern France (1346). Great Victory for English longbowmen over the French crossbowmen and knights. The longbow proved highly effective because it could be reloaded quickly, and 3 arrows could be set off for every one crossbow
  6. Agincourt
    Fought on Friday 25 October 1415 (Saint Crispin's Day), in northern France as part of the Hundred Years' War that involved Kings Henry V of England and Charles VI of France. The battle is notable for the use of the English longbow, which Henry used in very large numbers, with longbow men forming the vast majority of his army. The battle was also immortalized by William Shakespeare as the centerpiece of his play Henry V.
  7. Joan of Arc
    French peasant girl
  8. representative assemblies
    Develpoed between 1250 and 1450. Examples are: English Parliment
  9. nationalism
    extreme sense of loyalty/devotion to one's own country
  10. Babylonian Captivity
    70yrs. the ancient Hebrews were held captive in Mesopotamian Babylon. Damaged papal prestige and left Babylon poverty-stricken.
  11. schism
    Means division
  12. conciliarists
    People following this reform movement in the 14th and 15th century Roman Catholic Church which held that final authority in spiritual matters resided with the Roman Church as corporation of Christians, embodied by a general church council, not with the pope.
  13. merchet
    Fine paid on a marriage during the Middle Ages in England. A peasant would pay a this to his lord upon the marriage of a woman. The justification for this was that when a woman married, her lord was losing a worker. Usually the bride's father would pay, as buying the right to give his daughter away.
  14. banns
    Old English word meaning "to summon"
  15. peasant revolts
    Revolts that took place in Flanders in the 1320's
  16. Jacquerie
    Popular revolt in late medieval Europe by peasants that took place in northern France in 1358, during the Hundred Years' War. The revolt centered in the Oise valley north of Paris. This rebellion became known because the nobles derided peasants as "Jaques Bonhomme" (Jim Goodfellow)
  17. racism
    Discrimination based on blood decent acted upon from the colonists towards the native people
  18. Dalimil Chronicle
    Survey of Bohemian history was the first chronicle written in the Czech language pervaded with Czech hostility toward Germans
  19. Statute of Kilkenny
    Series of thirty-five acts passed at Kilkenny in Ireland in 1366, which was an attempt to prevent intermarriage.
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Chapter 12
Chapter 12
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